Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Camouflage is mainly related to an animal's colouration, which is determined by pigments known as biochromes found in living cells. What is the name of the colour-producing cells of reptiles, amphibians and fish?
2. Which of these is often the most important factor for what an animal's camouflage looks like?
3. Some animals have developed special adaptations that allow them to change their colouration to match changes in their surroundings. Which of these is a natural occurrence that would lead to this phenomenon?
4. The most famous colour-changer is the chameleon. What marine invertebrate, known for its intelligence, can also change its skin colour and pattern?
5. Another frequent camouflage strategy is disruptive colouration - consisting of bold, non-repeating patterns that break up the outline of an animal's body. Which of these predators is an example of disruptive colouration?
6. In the sophisticated camouflage method known as countershading, an animal's upper side is darker than its underside. What is one of the effects of this strategy?
7. A number of animal species adopt a defense strategy that is the opposite of camouflage. Known as aposematism, it signals that the animal is not worth attacking or eating. Which of these methods would an animal NOT use to deter a would-be predator?
8. Aposematism works so well that, in many ecosystems, a harmless species may develop the same features as a dangerous one, cashing in on the latter's nasty reputation. This adaptation is known by which name?
9. A very effective camouflage strategy is for an animal to take on the appearance of some other natural object. What distinctive species of fish looks like a piece of floating seaweed?
10. Camouflage can also involve other senses than sight. Which dangerous African snake - named after its dramatic threat displays - is known for being able to hide its scent?
Source: Author LadyNym
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