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Quiz about History of the Dutch East India Company VOC
Quiz about History of the Dutch East India Company VOC

History of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) Quiz


What do you know about the history of the Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie? Explore the fascinating era of the Dutch East India Company with 15 questions. Good luck.

A multiple-choice quiz by piet. Estimated time: 3 mins.
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Author
piet
Time
3 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
413,317
Updated
Sep 15 23
# Qns
15
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
11 / 15
Plays
123
Last 3 plays: Guest 70 (6/15), ramses22 (9/15), Guest 95 (12/15).
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Question 1 of 15
1. Which year was the Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC) established? Hint


Question 2 of 15
2. The Dutch East India Company was primarily involved in which type of trade? Hint


Question 3 of 15
3. The Dutch East India Company was granted a monopoly over trade in which region? Hint


Question 4 of 15
4. Which city served as the headquarters of the Dutch East India Company? Hint


Question 5 of 15
5. Was the Dutch East India Company involved in slave trade?


Question 6 of 15
6. The Dutch East India Company established a settlement in which present-day country? Hint


Question 7 of 15
7. What was the Dutch East India Company's primary objective? Hint


Question 8 of 15
8. The Dutch East India Company was the first company to issue shares of stock.


Question 9 of 15
9. Which country eventually gained control over the Dutch East India Company's territories and assets? Hint


Question 10 of 15
10. In which century did the Dutch East India Company start to decline? Hint


Question 11 of 15
11. Which of these resources played a significant role in the Dutch East India Company's trade? Hint


Question 12 of 15
12. The Dutch East India Company got involved in the Amboyna Massacre. When did the Amboyna Massacre take place? Hint


Question 13 of 15
13. What was a main reason the Dutch East India Company went bankrupt? Hint


Question 14 of 15
14. Which European country was the main competitor of the Dutch East India Company during the height of its power? Hint


Question 15 of 15
15. When was the Dutch East India Company officially dissolved? Hint



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Most Recent Scores
May 10 2024 : Guest 70: 6/15
May 06 2024 : ramses22: 9/15
May 03 2024 : Guest 95: 12/15
Apr 30 2024 : Guest 121: 10/15
Apr 16 2024 : Guest 5: 11/15
Apr 15 2024 : Guest 75: 6/15
Apr 15 2024 : Guest 24: 8/15
Apr 04 2024 : DCW2: 15/15
Apr 04 2024 : Guest 94: 7/15

Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Which year was the Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC) established?

Answer: 1602

The VOC was founded on March 20, 1602, by the States-General of the Netherlands. It was granted a monopoly on trade in Asia and became the world's first multinational corporation. The VOC played a significant role in Dutch colonial expansion, and its activities spanned from Africa to Asia.
2. The Dutch East India Company was primarily involved in which type of trade?

Answer: Spices

Spices, particularly pepper, cloves, and nutmeg, were the primary commodities traded by the VOC. These spices were highly sought after in Europe, and the VOC's control over their trade brought immense wealth and influence to the Dutch Republic during the 17th century.
3. The Dutch East India Company was granted a monopoly over trade in which region?

Answer: Asia

The VOC was granted a monopoly over trade in Asia, specifically the Indian Ocean region and parts of Southeast Asia. This allowed the company to dominate the spice trade and establish trading posts and colonies in places like Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, and Japan.
4. Which city served as the headquarters of the Dutch East India Company?

Answer: Amsterdam

Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands, served as the headquarters of the VOC. The city's strategic location and bustling port made it an ideal base for managing the company's operations, including shipbuilding, financing voyages, and conducting trade with various regions of the world.
5. Was the Dutch East India Company involved in slave trade?

Answer: Yes

The VOC, or the Dutch East India Company, was involved in the Transatlantic slave trade during its operations. While the company primarily focused on Asian trade and did not play as significant a role in the African slave trade compared to other European powers, it did participate in the buying, selling, and transport of enslaved Africans.

The VOC transported enslaved people from various regions in Africa, primarily from West and Central Africa, to its colonies in South Africa, the Indian Ocean islands, and parts of Southeast Asia. Enslaved Africans were used as laborers in plantations, mines, and other economic activities in these colonies.
6. The Dutch East India Company established a settlement in which present-day country?

Answer: Indonesia

The VOC established a significant presence in present-day Indonesia. They established trading posts, forts, and settlements across the Indonesian archipelago, including Batavia (now Jakarta), which became a key center of VOC's activities in the region.
7. What was the Dutch East India Company's primary objective?

Answer: Profitable trade

The VOC's primary objective was to engage in profitable trade. The company aimed to maximize profits by controlling key trade routes, establishing monopolies, and leveraging its military and political power to gain advantages in the markets it operated in.
8. The Dutch East India Company was the first company to issue shares of stock.

Answer: True

The VOC is often regarded as the first company to issue shares of stock, making it one of the earliest examples of a publicly-traded company. This allowed individuals to invest in the company's ventures and share in its profits, contributing to the growth of Amsterdam as a financial center.
9. Which country eventually gained control over the Dutch East India Company's territories and assets?

Answer: The Netherlands

The VOC's territories and assets eventually came under the control of the Netherlands. As the VOC faced financial difficulties and declining influence, the Dutch government intervened and took over its operations, effectively bringing an end to the company's existence.
10. In which century did the Dutch East India Company start to decline?

Answer: 18th century

The VOC's decline began in the 18th century due to a combination of factors such as increasing competition, declining profitability, and mismanagement. The company faced military conflicts, corruption, and financial crises, leading to its eventual bankruptcy and dissolution.
11. Which of these resources played a significant role in the Dutch East India Company's trade?

Answer: Timber

Timber, particularly teakwood, played a significant role in the VOC's trade. The company sourced timber from Southeast Asia, specifically present-day Indonesia, for shipbuilding purposes. Teakwood was highly valued for its durability and resistance to water, making it ideal for constructing sturdy ships.
12. The Dutch East India Company got involved in the Amboyna Massacre. When did the Amboyna Massacre take place?

Answer: 1623

The Amboyna Massacre, also known as the Amboyna Conspiracy or the Incident of Amboyna, occurred in 1623 in the Moluccas (present-day Maluku Islands, Indonesia) during the Dutch East India Company's (VOC) colonial period. It involved a violent clash between the VOC and the English East India Company (EIC).

The incident was triggered by strained relations between the two trading companies and a series of misunderstandings and accusations. The VOC accused English traders of planning a coup to take over the Dutch-held island of Amboyna and other surrounding territories.

Under the orders of the VOC authorities, ten English traders and nine Japanese mercenaries were arrested and subjected to torture to extract confessions. Despite the lack of substantial evidence, the VOC officials obtained confessions through coercion and proceeded to execute the accused.

On February 27, 1623, the VOC carried out the executions, beheading the English and Japanese prisoners. This event led to increased tensions and animosity between the VOC and the EIC, as well as other English-speaking nations.

The Amboyna Massacre has been a subject of historical controversy and debate, with some arguing that the VOC exaggerated the threat of a conspiracy to eliminate English competition in the spice trade. The incident further strained relations between the Dutch and English trading companies and influenced the broader context of colonial competition in Southeast Asia during the early modern period.
13. What was a main reason the Dutch East India Company went bankrupt?

Answer: High operational costs

The VOC maintained a vast network of trading posts, fleets, and armies, which incurred substantial expenses. The cost of maintaining military presence, defending trade routes, and competing with other European powers strained the company's finances.

Other reasons for the bankrupty were:

Declining spice trade: The spice trade, which had been the primary source of the VOC's wealth, faced challenges such as increased competition, oversupply, and changing European tastes. This led to a decline in profits from spice trading, diminishing the company's revenue stream.

Mismanagement and corruption: The VOC suffered from mismanagement, corruption, and embezzlement by its officials. Many company directors prioritized personal gain over the company's interests, leading to financial losses and inefficient operations.

Economic downturn: The 18th century witnessed an economic downturn in Europe, including the Netherlands. This further affected the VOC's profitability as demand for goods declined, trade routes shifted, and economic conditions worsened.
14. Which European country was the main competitor of the Dutch East India Company during the height of its power?

Answer: England

During the height of the VOC's power in the 17th century, England emerged as the main competitor and rival to the Dutch Republic. The English East India Company, established in 1600, became a formidable competitor in the spice trade and sought to challenge the VOC's dominance in Asian waters.

This led to conflicts and competition over trade routes, trading posts, and access to valuable commodities, contributing to a tense rivalry between the VOC and English traders in the East Indies. The competition between the VOC and England would later escalate into the Anglo-Dutch Wars, which had significant implications for both powers in terms of trade and colonial influence.
15. When was the Dutch East India Company officially dissolved?

Answer: 1799

The VOC was officially dissolved on December 31, 1799. The company had been in decline for several decades, facing financial troubles and loss of control over its territories. Ultimately, the Dutch government decided to liquidate the VOC and transfer its remaining assets and responsibilities to a new organization called the Dutch Trading Company.
Source: Author piet

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor trident before going online.
Any errors found in FunTrivia content are routinely corrected through our feedback system.
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