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African History Trivia

African History Trivia Quizzes

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African written history starts with the rise of the Egyptians and continues with the development of numerous other societies.

Did you know that African history has been difficult to piece together due to the scarcity of written material in large areas of Sub-Saharan Africa?

79 African History quizzes and 1,106 African History trivia questions.
Congo Congo (2 quizzes)
Egypt Egypt (6)
Kenya Kenya (4)
Malawi Malawi (2)
Mali Mali (6)
Rwanda Rwanda (2)
South Africa South Africa (14)
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe (3)
  A History of Nigeria   best quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Before and after the advent of the Europeans, several independent kingdoms thrived in what is now known as Nigeria.
Average, 10 Qns, Tarkowski, Jan 07 24
Jan 07 24
63 plays
  Year of Africa 1960   popular trivia quiz  
Collection Quiz
 17 Qns
1960 is known as the Year of Africa after a series of events resulting in the independence of 17 nations in the continent.
Tough, 17 Qns, sw11, Dec 10 23
sw11 gold member
Dec 10 23
204 plays
  French Colonies in Africa    
Collection Quiz
 20 Qns
In the 17th century, France started conquest of West Africa. After the Ottoman Empire had waned, France began to colonize North Africa in 1830. At the peak of their power, they colonized as many as 20 nations in Africa.
Average, 20 Qns, sw11, Jan 27 24
sw11 gold member
Jan 27 24
197 plays
The 17th Century Meanwhile in Africa
  The 17th Century: Meanwhile in Africa editor best quiz   best quiz  
Photo Quiz
 10 Qns
In the 17th century, Europeans set out to explore and exploit resources around the globe, writing history along the way. Meanwhile, life went on in Africa. What was happening there? (For speed, you can cut to the last sentence of each question.)
Easier, 10 Qns, nannywoo, Aug 26 17
nannywoo gold member
Aug 26 17
1676 plays
  What's Where in African History   popular trivia quiz  
Label Quiz
 10 Qns
Many historical events have happened in Africa, but do you know where they took place? In this quiz match the event with the location on the map.
Easier, 10 Qns, Stoaty, Apr 05 23
Stoaty gold member
Apr 05 23
278 plays
  A Short History of Mozambique   best quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Mozambique, in some ways followed the 'traditional' African history model: A rich pre-history, an oppressive colonial era, a fiery independence and a struggle to prosper both commercially and culturally in a contemporary world. Let's explore...
Average, 10 Qns, 1nn1, Sep 11 20
1nn1 gold member
Sep 11 20
1266 plays
  Cameroon: A Historical Landscape   best quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
A quiz on the people, events, and movements that have shaped this land.
Easier, 10 Qns, stuthehistoryguy, Aug 27 14
stuthehistoryguy gold member
3026 plays
  Mutiny of the Bounties   best quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Just as the colonial powers scrambled to gain the bounteous riches in Africa at the end of the 19th century, their colonies scrambled for the right to steer their own ships after World War II. How much do you know about the end of empire in Africa?
Average, 10 Qns, Snowman, May 25 14
Snowman gold member
1101 plays
  African Independence Explosion: 1960   great trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
More than 15 African nations became independent in 1960. Here are 10 of them.
Easier, 10 Qns, shvdotr, Jun 29 16
shvdotr gold member
597 plays
  Who's Who: Living in the Sahara Desert   great trivia quiz  
Match Quiz
 10 Qns
Throughout the centuries there have been many groups who have found a way to live in the Sahara Desert. Let's see if you can identify the groups of people, both past and present, from the clues given.
Average, 10 Qns, ponycargirl, Jan 24 18
ponycargirl editor
Jan 24 18
369 plays
trivia question Quick Question
Under whose leadership did Mauritius gain independence in 1968?

From Quiz "The History of Mauritius and Rodrigues"

  Control   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Burkina Faso 2022 Coup
In 2022, the government of the already unstable African country of Burkina Faso lost control over their country because of a coup d'état. See what you know about this coup and find out who took control when the dust settled.
Average, 10 Qns, LeoDaVinci, Dec 08 22
LeoDaVinci editor
Dec 08 22
167 plays
  Tales of African Kingdoms   popular trivia quiz  
Match Quiz
 10 Qns
The continent of Africa has been the site of the rise and fall of many kingdoms during its long history. Can you identify the kingdoms based on the clues given?
Tough, 10 Qns, ponycargirl, Aug 10 17
ponycargirl editor
Aug 10 17
361 plays
  Africa's Independence Decade -- The 1960s   great trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Seventeen African nations gained their independence in 1960, and 15 more over the rest of the decade. Here are ten that gained their freedom between 1961 and 1968. Have fun!
Easier, 10 Qns, shvdotr, Jul 14 16
shvdotr gold member
376 plays
  History of Algiers    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Known for its iconic Casbah, Algiers is the capital of Algeria. How much do you know about this city's tumultuous past?
Average, 10 Qns, Joepetz, Apr 04 21
Joepetz gold member
Apr 04 21
172 plays
  Africa during the 20th Century   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 25 Qns
Let's see how much you know about Africa during the 20th century.
Tough, 25 Qns, colombia, Oct 28 17
Oct 28 17
2949 plays
  Free as a Bird    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
The country of Angola was for a long time dominated by foreign people and nations. Learn more about their independence and how they managed to be free as a bird, or at least tried to. Good luck!
Average, 10 Qns, Lpez, Nov 13 19
Lpez gold member
Nov 13 19
917 plays
  Genocide in Darfur   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
The Darfur conflict has been in the news for some time. As I attempted to get some facts about what's happened there, I decided to write this. How much do you know about what has happened in Darfur?
Average, 10 Qns, robbieh, Dec 16 11
858 plays
  History of Casablanca   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Casablanca is much more than a really good movie. It's a city in Morocco that has a rich history stemming from ancient times until the present.
Average, 10 Qns, Joepetz, Jul 18 18
Joepetz gold member
Jul 18 18
299 plays
  African Colonies   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 15 Qns
Let's see how much you know about Africa during the colonial period. Have fun!
Tough, 15 Qns, colombia, Jun 01 11
3505 plays
  History of Tunis    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Tunis may not be as well known as it North African neighbors of Tripoli and Algiers but its history goes back millennia.
Average, 10 Qns, Joepetz, Jan 18 18
Joepetz gold member
Jan 18 18
302 plays
  History of Addis Ababa    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This is a quiz on the vivid history of one of Africa's most populous capital cities: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Average, 10 Qns, Joepetz, Dec 02 22
Joepetz gold member
Dec 02 22
100 plays
  Who's Who: Colonizing Around Casablanca   popular trivia quiz  
Match Quiz
 10 Qns
Throughout history many different groups have colonized the area around the modern day city of Casablanca, Morocco. Let's see if you can match up the groups with the dates they ruled. Don't forget to look for the hints!
Average, 10 Qns, ponycargirl, Jul 19 18
ponycargirl editor
Jul 19 18
126 plays
  The War for Biafra   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
On May 30, 1967, the tiny area of Biafra proclaimed its independence. The war, disease, and famine that followed rank among the worst disasters of the 20th century. See how much you know about this terrible war.
Tough, 10 Qns, CellarDoor, Jan 04 09
CellarDoor gold member
1576 plays
  African History 101    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This is a basic quiz on African history.
Tough, 10 Qns, schuhmacher, Jun 30 15
1073 plays
  Early African History Primer   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
It looks like we need more quizzes for African History. Here are some basic questions on early Africa. For the most part, this quiz tries to adhere to the most accepted interpretations of that continent's fascinating history. Have fun!
Average, 10 Qns, shvdotr, Jun 04 16
shvdotr gold member
272 plays
  Military Coups In Africa   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 20 Qns
This is a quiz about military coups in Africa. I will give you the name of the year of the coup and the name of the coup maker. You give me the country.
Tough, 20 Qns, author, Aug 03 04
2169 plays
  Iconic Women from Africa's History    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Here is a tribute to some little-known women who influenced various aspects of the history of Africa. I believe there is a need for more of this type of information today. Thanks for playing.
Average, 10 Qns, shvdotr, Jun 18 16
shvdotr gold member
189 plays
  Bus Ride Day 196: South Sudan   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
South Sudan became a country in 2011. How much do you know about this newcomer to the international community?
Average, 10 Qns, austinnene, Nov 25 15
232 plays
  The History of Mauritius and Rodrigues    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
A quiz on one of the most beautiful island-nations in the world. Mauritius and Rodrigues are located in the Indian Ocean and have their own unique culture and traditions ... Find out more.
Tough, 10 Qns, peelusrinivasan, Mar 25 10
933 plays
  Idi Amin's Uganda    
Multiple Choice
 15 Qns
Idi Amin was one of the most notorious dictators of the 20th century. This quiz is about Amin himself and his eight year reign of terror as Uganda's dictator.
Tough, 15 Qns, hessian499, Apr 27 06
1540 plays
  Disputed Areas in Africa    
Multiple Choice
 25 Qns
I give you the name of two or more countries and a year. This year the two countries disputed over an area in Africa. But which? Note: In some cases land was peacefully handed over.
Difficult, 25 Qns, author, Aug 18 05
1292 plays
  African Countries That No Longer Exist    
Multiple Choice
 15 Qns
This is a quiz about African countries that no longer exist as national or colonial entities. The last five questions are about countries that exist within their borders but have changed names.
Difficult, 15 Qns, author, May 18 13
2047 plays
  Former African Kingdoms    
Multiple Choice
 20 Qns
I will ask you some questions about former African kingdoms. I give you some information, maybe a year or a capital. You give me the name of the kingdom/empire/sheikhdom/sultanate etc.
Tough, 20 Qns, author, Jun 10 02
1576 plays
  Up the Niger River Where the Musas Lived    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Who is the richest person that has ever lived? What empire did he rule over? My main contender is a man from the Musa lineage in Africa named Mansa Musa.
Average, 10 Qns, renboyski, Sep 18 16
renboyski gold member
194 plays
  The Medieval Christian Kingdoms of Nubia    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This quiz is drawn primarily from the book "The Medieval Kingdoms of Nubia" by Derek A. Welsby, supplemented by some internet research.
Difficult, 10 Qns, tnrees, May 07 09
413 plays
  Timeline Express Africa 1    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Test your knowledge of the African continent. From independence dates to past and present leaders and lots more!
Average, 10 Qns, Enzer, Aug 21 13
490 plays
  African or African't?    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
What achievements have Africans made - or maybe not made?
Tough, 10 Qns, Daikenro, Feb 08 23
Feb 08 23
528 plays
  All Around Africa in the Past    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Here's a little quiz I've prepared to test your knowledge of African general history and also to share my knowledge with you! Enjoy the ride!
Average, 10 Qns, ganguma, Mar 02 15
706 plays
  Timeline Express Africa 3    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
An exciting third edition ready to test your knowledge on Africa.
Average, 10 Qns, Enzer, Aug 07 13
412 plays
  Timeline Express Africa 2    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This is Part 2 of Timeline Express Africa.
Average, 10 Qns, Enzer, Aug 07 11
401 plays
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African History Trivia Questions

1. The coup d'etat started with gunfire erupting in the capital, Ouagadougou. Despite initial denials, it became evident that Roch Marc Christian Kaboré had been detained. What position did Kaboré have before the coup?

From Quiz

Answer: President

The Burkinabé President was Roch Marc Christian Kaboré, and he had just been elected in 2020 to a second term. On Sunday, January 23, 2022, gunfire was heard near the Presidential Palace in Ouagadougou, and several cars were found riddled with bullets. Despite initial denials by government officials, it eventually came to light that Kaboré had been arrested by the rebels. A tweet from him read: "Our Nation is going through difficult times. At this precise moment, we must safeguard our democratic achievements. I invite those who have taken up arms to lay them down in the Higher Interests of the Nation. It is through dialogue and listening that we must resolve our contradictions."

2. The area that is now the city of Algiers was first called Yksm and was founded in the third century B.C. It was renamed Icosium by the Romans who captured it during which war?

From Quiz History of Algiers

Answer: Third Punic War

Ancient Romans had great success capturing parts of Northern Africa during the Third Punic War. In 149, they captured the nearby city of Carthage and moved to seize the rest of Northern Africa. Yksm was a small settlement, primarily used as a trading post and market for travelers. The Romans renamed the city Icosium and it remained under their control until the Muslim Conquest of North Africa in the seventh century.

3. A research team from Canada found some startling pre-history evidence in 2007, near Lake Niassa in Mozambique. What was found?

From Quiz A Short History of Mozambique

Answer: Tools indicating evidence of flour being milled from pre-domesticated cereals

This anthropology research team found tools that were approximately 20000years old that were used to mill flour from grain, probably sorghum. The startling discovery was that cereals such as wheat and barley were first thought to have been domesticated in the Fertile Crescent only 8000 years ago. This means the ancient people in the Mozambique area were milling wild grain for food long before the history books told us so.

4. Although Casablanca was first settled by the Berbers, the city became prominent during Roman rule under what name?

From Quiz History of Casablanca

Answer: Anfa

Berbers first settled into what is now Casablanca in the tenth century BC. It wasn't until about 15 BC that the Romans began using Anfa or Anfus as a port city and it became a center of commerce and trade in Northern Africa. Romans used it primarily as a port to ship purple dye from Mauretania. Today Anfa is the name of the neighborhood occupying part of Casablanca's old town.

5. In the ancient world Tunis was associated with which city-state that "must be destroyed"?

From Quiz History of Tunis

Answer: Carthage

Tunis is sometimes incorrectly believed to be the same city as Carthage when they are two separate cities with Tunis being more inland and overlooking Carthage. However, the two were closely linked in many ways. Tunis was originally a Berber city originally, though it has been ruled by a number of different empires and states, including Carthage.

6. Led by Jomo Kenyatta, which African nation gained its freedom from Britain on December 12, 1963?

From Quiz Africa's Independence Decade -- The 1960s

Answer: Kenya

In 1945 Jomo Kenyatta helped organize the Pan-African Congress, held in Britain. In 1947 he was elected president of the Kenya African Union. From 1953 to 1961 he was imprisoned by the British for being a member of the Mau Mau, a charge that has never been proven. While in prison he was elected president of the Kenya Africa National Union, a post he held until Kenya gained its independence, whereupon Kenyatta became Prime Minister (until '64) and subsequently Kenya's first President. He died in office in 1978.

7. On 28 November of 1960, this nation was the last one in Africa to gain its independence in that revolutionary year, ending its existence as a French colony. Which Saharan country is this, with its capital at Nouakchott?

From Quiz African Independence Explosion: 1960

Answer: Mauritania

Although it is 90% desert, Mauritania does have a coastline on the Atlantic, where its capital is located. About a third of the country's population lives in the capital. Officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, the country takes its name from Mauretania, an ancient Berber kingdom in Morocco which existed for about a thousand years between the Third Century BC and the Seventh Century AD, when it was conquered by the Arabs in the spread of Islam.

8. Egypt is no doubt Africa's greatest and most famous early civilization. Which ruler first unified Upper and Lower Egypt around 3100 BC?

From Quiz Early African History Primer

Answer: Menes (Narmer)

Narmer and Menes may be two men, or they may be the same man. The debate continues. One suggested meaning for "Menes" is "He who endures." Cheops is the Greek name for Khufu. He built the Great Pyramid. Tut is just a short form of Tutankhamun, also often referred to as "the boy king" because he died young. He is famous because his tomb was found intact. As a prince his name was Tutankhaten. His father was Akhenaton, who was named Amenhotep IV as a child but adopted the name we know him by when he tried to establish the new monotheistic religion worshipping Aten.

9. Which empire did Mansa Musa rule over during the fourteenth century?

From Quiz Up the Niger River Where the Musas Lived

Answer: Mali

This empire encompassed some 400 cities which were synonymous with prosperity, culture and Islamic scholarship. The tenth Musa, the King of Kings, the Ruler Moses, as he was variously titled, ruled the Malian empire for 25 years. The kingdom stretched from the Atlantic coast in the west to Songhay, far down the Niger in the east, from the salt mines of Taghaza in the north and to the gold mines of Wangara in the south.

10. In the central area of South Sudan lies a geographic entity known as "The Sudd", created by a major river's meandering through lowlands. Can you surmise what it might be?

From Quiz Bus Ride Day 196: South Sudan

Answer: swamp

The Sudd is an area of swampy wetlands running generally from northwest to southeast through the central portion of South Sudan. It is one of the largest wetland areas in the world. The area consists of very flat land, where, according to some sources, average slope from south to north for 400 km is only 0.01%. This posed a great challenge to early explorers of the area, who had to go around it to proceed westward across the continent. "The Sudd" is generally thought to be derived from an early term meaning "obstacle". Although most people attribute the title "Sudan" as having an original meaning of "country of black men", some scholars believe Sudd and Sudan come from a similar root, the Egyptian "Sut", meaning "sedge swamp". The area of the Sudd varies with weather conditions-when it is rainy, its size increases.

11. The British and the Spanish had many colonies for centuries, but they did not have Angola. Which European country colonized Angola and ruled the nation until independence?

From Quiz Free as a Bird

Answer: Portugal

The Portuguese had been in contact with the Kongo state, the former Angola, since 1483. During the 16th century, the Portuguese took control of the coast and the Portuguese Colony of Angola was formed. In 1951, Portugal changed Angola's name to Overseas Province of Angola, making the colony a Portuguese overseas territory. The Portuguese left a lot of cultural heritage to the Angolans. In fact, the country's official language is Portuguese!

12. Who was the first African to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature?

From Quiz African or African't?

Answer: Wole Soyinka

Wole Soyinka from Nigeria received the prize in 1986. Other African Nobel laureates in Literature are Naguib Mahfouz (1988), Nadine Gordimer (1991), J.M. Coetzee (2003), and the French-Mauritian J.M.G. Le Clézio in 2008.

13. How many African countries joined the Commonwealth of Nations in the year 1966?

From Quiz Timeline Express Africa 3

Answer: Two

Botswana and Lesotho both joined the Commonwealth in 1966 shortly after gaining independence from the United Kingdom. Both countries are located in Southern Africa.

14. In which year did Rwanda gain its independence from Belgium?

From Quiz Timeline Express Africa 2

Answer: 1962

Rwanda has three official languages: Kinyarwanda, French and English. "Hotel Rwanda", a 2004 American film, is based on real life events that took place in Rwanda in 1994.

15. In which year did the African country famous for its pyramids gain its independence from the United Kingdom?

From Quiz Timeline Express Africa 1

Answer: 1922

Egypt was one of the first countries to gain independence from the United Kingdom. It is an Arab Country located in North Africa. The Egyptian Pyramids are the most famous pyramids in the world, the most famous being the Great Pyramid of Giza.

16. Which Egyptian king did Gamel Abdel Nasser overthrow in a military coup in 1952?

From Quiz All Around Africa in the Past

Answer: King Farouk

King Mswati is the king of Swaziland. King Hassan was a Moroccan king who died of heart attack in 1999. King Adbelaziz (aka ibn Saud) was a member of the Saudi Arabian monarch. He died in 1953.

17. Darfur is a region in the African country of Sudan. Which countries border Sudan?

From Quiz Genocide in Darfur

Answer: Central African Republic, Chad, Libya

Darfur is an area in the western region of Sudan, bordered by the Central African Republic, Chad and Libya. Darfur is comprised of three federal states-West Darfur, South Darfur and North Darfur. It is about the size of Texas. The literal translation of Darfur is "Home of the Fur", the Fur being one of the largest ethnic African tribes involved in the conflict.

18. Who visited Mauritius in the 10th century AD?

From Quiz The History of Mauritius and Rodrigues

Answer: The Arabs

The Arabs arrived long before the Portuguese and the Dutch. They named the island Dina Robin.

19. This country declared independence in 1960 under Moise Tschombe, but this independence lasted only until 1963.

From Quiz African Countries That No Longer Exist

Answer: Katanga

Until 1997 Katanga was called Shaba province, a mining province the country formerly called Zaire. Now the province is again called Katanga and Zaire is again called (Democratic Republic of) Congo.

20. Idi Amin served with what unit of the British military?

From Quiz Idi Amin's Uganda

Answer: King's African Rifles

Amin enlisted in 1946, after World War 2 ended, but often claimed to have fought against the Japanese in Burma.

21. This kingdom in East Africa was ruled by the kabaka, or king, with British advice. Monarchy was abolished 1967.

From Quiz Former African Kingdoms

Answer: Buganda

Situated in SE Uganda by Lake Victoria. Kingdom made an integral part of Uganda 1967.

22. Spain and Morocco, 1960-69.

From Quiz Disputed Areas in Africa

Answer: Ifni

Morocco claimed the area 1960 and gained it from Spain in 1969.

23. In 1967, the Eastern Region of what African nation declared its independence?

From Quiz The War for Biafra

Answer: Nigeria

The Eastern Region was populated mainly by the Igbo people. In the Declaration of Independence, the Nigerian federal government was accused of condoning genocide by not taking sufficient measures to protect the Igbo.

24. According to legend, what is the name of the prince from Jiddah in the Middle East who founded the Hausa Kingdoms?

From Quiz A History of Nigeria

Answer: Bayajidda

The legend says that the wandering prince happened upon the city of Daura in what is now northern Nigeria, where a giant python was preventing the natives from drawing water from their well. After killing the snake Bayajidda married the Queen of Daura, with whom he had seven sons. The sons went on to establish the seven Hausa city states, each of which grew rapidly and came to be known for something. For example, Kano was a trading center while Zaria was a military stronghold. The city-states all had mighty walls to keep their enemies at bay--especially the Kanem-Bornu in the east. When the nomadic Fulani came, no one could anticipate what would happen next.

25. The establishment of a military base in which mountain eventually led to the founding of Addis Ababa?

From Quiz History of Addis Ababa

Answer: Entoto

Mount Entoto stands just to the north of Addis Ababa. In 1884, Negus Menelik II founded a military outpost on Mount Entoto. A city called Finfinne was also founded at the base. This would later be called Addis Ababa and become the capital. Finfinne was allegedly established in the ruins of Barara that remained.

26. A few weeks preceding the coup, Christophe Joseph Marie Dabiré was controversially fired from his position. What position did he hold?

From Quiz Control

Answer: Prime Minister

When Paul Kaba Thieba resigned from his position as Prime Minister of Burkina Faso in January of 2019, President Kaboré immediately appointed Christophe Joseph Marie Dabiré as the new Prime Minister. He held that position for two years until he was fired by President Kaboré on December 8, 2021. The pretext for the firing was the growing unrest and constant insurgencies by hostile forces. While Kaboré made Dabiré take the fall for the unrest, many Burkinabé felt that it was Kaboré who should have stepped down instead.

27. The city of Algiers, as it exists today, was founded by which person in the year 960?

From Quiz History of Algiers

Answer: Bologhine

Bologhine, also known as Buluggin ibn Ziri, was the first ruler of the Sanhaja Dynasty. He founded Algiers proper in 960. Much of the old city of Icosium was incorporated into what is now the Old Town and many of the ancient buildings still exist today in ruins. Bologhine was the first Sanhaja ruler and the first of many dynasties that would ruler over Algiers over the next few centuries. These dynasties typically lasted only a few decades at a time.

28. The first known race of people, the San, migrated into the area now known as Mozambique before the time of Christ. What better known term are the San people known as?

From Quiz A Short History of Mozambique

Answer: Bushmen

San is a relatively recent term. An exonym, it was adopted because "Bushman" had some negative connotations. The San were hunter/gatherers and spent much time foraging for food and water. The Bantu-speaking people arrived in the first to the fifth centuries AD. They were hunters and could forge iron.

29. At some point after the collapse of the Roman Empire, the Berbers regained full control over the city. By the 14th century, the city became known as a sanctuary for which people?

From Quiz History of Casablanca

Answer: Pirates

Casablanca is located along the Atlantic Coast of Morocco and nearby the Mediterranean. This made it an ideal port city. Many explorations had launched from Casablanca. This also made it a convenient city for pirates because of all the ships coming into and leaving Casablanca. Casablanca was part of an independent state of the Merinid Dynasty which relied on the pirates and privateers for its economy and the Merinids shielded pirates in return.

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