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Quiz about Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe
Quiz about Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe

Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe Quiz


The islands of Sao Tome and Principe were named by Portuguese explorers (around 1470) for St Thomas and St Anthony, on whose feast days they were discovered; in 1502 Santo Antao was renamed Ilha do Principe in honor of the prince of Portugal. Interested?

A multiple-choice quiz by looney_tunes. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
looney_tunes
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
325,335
Updated
Jul 04 22
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
8 / 10
Plays
4038
Awards
Top 5% quiz!
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Question 1 of 10
1. Where in the world is the island nation of Sao Tome and Principe located? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. The islands of Sao Tome and Principe are part of an extinct volcanic mountain range. Of what fine-grained igneous rock is Sao Tome principally formed? Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. Sao Tome and Principe was Africa's second-smallest country at the start of the 21st century. With a land area just over 1,000 sq km (386 sq mi), it is approximately the same size as which of these cities? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. Although it is a small country, uninhabited before Portuguese settlement in the 15th century, Sao Tome and Principe has four national languages. The official language is Portuguese, spoken by about 95% of the population. Which of the following is NOT a recognised regional language of Sao Tome and Principe? Hint


Question 5 of 10
5. Being mountainous, the islands of Sao Tome and Principe have different climates at sea level and in their interiors. How is their sea level climate described? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. What is the unsurprising name of the highest point on the island of Sao Tome (and in the country of Sao Tome and Principe)? Hint


Question 7 of 10
7. The southernmost point of the country of Sao Tome and Principe is the islet of Ilheu das Rolas. What is geographically notable about Ilheu das Rolas? Hint


Question 8 of 10
8. What is the most common biotope found in the country of Sao Tome and Principe? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. Being an isolated ecological zone, Sao Tome and Principe has little in the way of native mammals, but plenty of endemic birds. What is Sao Tome's only endemic terrestrial mammal? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. The location of Sao Tome and Principe made it ideal as the site for an experiment conducted during the solar eclipse on May 29, 1919. A prediction stated in what theory was being tested in this experiment? Hint



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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Where in the world is the island nation of Sao Tome and Principe located?

Answer: Gulf of Guinea, off the west coast of Africa

Sao Tome and Principe is an archipelago nation composed of two main islands and a number of smaller islets. It is located in the Bight of Bonny (also called the Bight of Biafra), which is the easternmost part of the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean.

The closest continental countries are Gabon and Equatorial Guinea, which are about 250 km (155 mi) from Principe, the more northerly and easterly of the two main islands.
2. The islands of Sao Tome and Principe are part of an extinct volcanic mountain range. Of what fine-grained igneous rock is Sao Tome principally formed?

Answer: Basalt

Sao Tome is the peak of a shield volcano that starts over 3,000 m (10,000 ft) below sea level, and is mainly basalt in composition. The archipelago is part of a volcanic range called the Cameroon line that includes the islands of Bioko and Annabon, belonging to Equatorial Guinea, and Mount Cameroon, situated on the mainland in Cameroon.
3. Sao Tome and Principe was Africa's second-smallest country at the start of the 21st century. With a land area just over 1,000 sq km (386 sq mi), it is approximately the same size as which of these cities?

Answer: Hong Kong, China

The city of Hong Kong has an area of 1104 sq km or 426 sq mi, and is the closest in size of the options given. Cairo is smaller (354 sq km, or 175 sq mi), and both Mexico City (1485 sq km or 573 sq mi) and Anchorage (4396 sq km or 1698 sq mi) are significantly larger than the entire country of Sao Tome and Principe.

Sao Tome is 48 km (30 mi) long and 32 km (20 mi) wide, while Principe is 16 km (10 mi) long and 6 km (4 mi) wide. Along with the small islets that are also part of the country, the total land area is 1,001 sq km, or 386.5 sq mi. The smallest country in Africa at the start of the 21st century is the Seychelles, an archipelago nation of 115 islands in the Indian Ocean near Madagascar.
4. Although it is a small country, uninhabited before Portuguese settlement in the 15th century, Sao Tome and Principe has four national languages. The official language is Portuguese, spoken by about 95% of the population. Which of the following is NOT a recognised regional language of Sao Tome and Principe?

Answer: French

Forro (meaning 'freed slave', and spoken by about 85% of the population), Angolar (spoken mostly in and near the city of Sao Tome) and Principense (spoken mostly on the island of Principe, and nearly extinct) are Creole languages, arising from a fusion of Portuguese with African tribal languages. During colonial times, Sao Tome and Principe was a centre of the slave trade (both imported to work on the Portuguese sugar plantations and in transit to the New World).

The pidgin that developed from the Bantu and Kwa languages spoken by the slaves mingling with Portuguese eventually developed into a fixed creole as it was taught to generations of children who then spoke it as their native language. Angolar and Principiense developed from different tribal languages.
5. Being mountainous, the islands of Sao Tome and Principe have different climates at sea level and in their interiors. How is their sea level climate described?

Answer: Tropical

As you might expect for a country situated on the Equator (the capital city, Sao Tome, in the south of the island of Sao Tome, has a latitude of 14 minutes), the climate is hot and humid. There is little seasonal or daily variation in temperature, which stays close to 27 C (81 F), rarely going above 32 C (90 F). In the mountains, the temperatures are cooler, with a daily maximum closer to 20 C (68 F), and nights cooling down significantly.

Like most tropical countries, Sao Tome and Principe has a rainy season (October to May) and a dry season. The annual rainfall averages 500 cm (197 in) on the southwestern slopes of Sao Tome, but much less in other parts of the country.
6. What is the unsurprising name of the highest point on the island of Sao Tome (and in the country of Sao Tome and Principe)?

Answer: Pico de Sao Tome

Pico de Sao Tome is just northwest of the centre of the island of Sao Tome, and has a height of 2,024 m (6,640 ft). It is in the Obo National Park, and can only be accessed on foot through forest walking trails.

Mount Ararat is in Turkey, Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, and Mount Sinai in Egypt.
7. The southernmost point of the country of Sao Tome and Principe is the islet of Ilheu das Rolas. What is geographically notable about Ilheu das Rolas?

Answer: It is on the Equator.

Between 1915 and 1918, Gago Coutinho, an officer in the Portuguese navy as well as a navigator and historian, made observations and measurements that established exactly where the Equator crosses the island of Ilheu das Rolas. Visitors can see a marker when they visit the resort which is the basis of the island's only significant economic activity. Access is by boat from Porto Alegre, on the southern tip of Sao Tome island.
8. What is the most common biotope found in the country of Sao Tome and Principe?

Answer: Rainforest

About 75% of the country's surface is rainforest, either lowland or mountain. Much of this forest is actually regrowth on abandoned plantations. The Obo National Park covers about 30% of the country's surface, and includes examples of all its different environments - lowland and mountain forests, mangroves and a savanna area.
9. Being an isolated ecological zone, Sao Tome and Principe has little in the way of native mammals, but plenty of endemic birds. What is Sao Tome's only endemic terrestrial mammal?

Answer: Sao Tome shrew

As well as the Sao Tome shrew, there are several species of bats, including the Sao Tome free-tailed bat, and cetaceans such as the humpback whale are found offshore. The incorrect options were introduced by human activity.

In contrast to the paucity of mammals, Sao Tome and Principe has well over 100 species of birds, including about 25 that are endemic, at least three of which have no close relatives elsewhere: the Sao Tome short-tail, the Sao Tome grosbeak and Dohrn's Thrush-babbler. The world's largest sunbird and its smallest ibis are found there, although the latter was critically endangered at the start of the 21st century.
10. The location of Sao Tome and Principe made it ideal as the site for an experiment conducted during the solar eclipse on May 29, 1919. A prediction stated in what theory was being tested in this experiment?

Answer: Einstein's Theory of General Relativity

Einstein's Theory of General Relativity predicted that rays of light should be bent by a gravitational field. Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington, who had been responsible for explaining Einstein's theories for the English-speaking world, organized an expedition to Principe (one of the few places where the eclipse was total, and his experiment could be conducted) to make measurements during the solar eclipse in 1919. By taking pictures of stars near the sun (in our visual sky), he was able to show that the light rays appeared to have shifted as they passed the Sun, bent by its gravitational field.

The amount of this shift was in agreement with the predictions of General Relativity, and was about twice that predicted by Newtonian gravitation.
Source: Author looney_tunes

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor Pagiedamon before going online.
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