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Quiz about Colonies Fight for Their Rights
Quiz about Colonies Fight for Their Rights

Colonies Fight for Their Rights Quiz


As Britain sought to strengthen control of the colonies, tensions grew between both groups. Find out how much you know about America's early beginnings. Show off your knowledge!

A multiple-choice quiz by jackjani. Estimated time: 6 mins.
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Author
jackjani
Time
6 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
214,273
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
6 / 10
Plays
2435
- -
Question 1 of 10
1. A thought on the French and Indian War ... In the 1740s, the French and the British became interested in the Ohio River Valley. To block British claims in the region, the French built forts from Lake Ontario to the Ohio River. The British responded by beginning to build a fort of their own in Canada. With the intention of expelling the French, a young Virginian, George Washington, led troops toward the Ohio River in the spring of 1754. Which is an incorrect piece of information found above? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. In 1756, the fighting between Britain and France spread to Europe, where it became to be known as The Seven Years' War. Spain became an ally of France. The British triumphed, however. And so, the Treaty of Paris was signed in 1763. Which of the following is a valid statement with respect to this treaty? Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. In order to solve their debt problem after fighting with the French, the British government resorted to new harsh policies. It issued the Royal Proclamation of 1763, which was designed to reduce the likelihood of further wars in North America. Which of the following scenarios best represents the effects of the Proclamation? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. This man introduced the Sugar Act in 1764. This changed the tax rates on imports of raw sugar and molasses. Also, it placed new, high taxes on products such as silk and wine. Moreover, this person also convinced Parliament to pass the Stamp Act a year later. Who was it? Hint


Question 5 of 10
5. On October 1765, in response to the Stamp Act, representatives of nine American colonies met. John Dickinson, one of the members, drafted the Declaration of Rights And Grievances. What was the immediate British response after reading such document? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. After getting rid of the Stamp Act in 1766, the British introduced the Revenue Act of 1767. This consisted of new taxes which would help raise money in order to solve Britain's financial problems. Which of the following colonists would have suffered most from the Revenue Act? Hint


Question 7 of 10
7. From 1767 to 1768, John Dickinson published his "Letters from a Pennsylvania Farmer." In response to his writings, the Massachusetts assembly began to organize against Britain. One of the leaders of this assembly was Sam Adams of Virginia, cousin of John Adams.
Which piece of information, if any, is incorrect?
Hint


Question 8 of 10
8. During the 1760s, in response to the Townshend Acts, the Daughters of Liberty began to spin their own cloth, which they called "home spun." Why were these home-made creations important? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. Read the following quotation: "Come on you rascals, you bloody backs, you lobster scoundrels, fire if you dare." (Quoted in "American Voices, American Lives"). What is the name of the event that this alludes to? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. After the incident that occured in the fall of 1768 in the United States, in which Britain sent 1000 soldiers to Boston to maintain order, the British repealed almost all of the Townshend Acts. Which of the following colonists would have suffered from the one tax that was not abolished? Hint



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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. A thought on the French and Indian War ... In the 1740s, the French and the British became interested in the Ohio River Valley. To block British claims in the region, the French built forts from Lake Ontario to the Ohio River. The British responded by beginning to build a fort of their own in Canada. With the intention of expelling the French, a young Virginian, George Washington, led troops toward the Ohio River in the spring of 1754. Which is an incorrect piece of information found above?

Answer: Canada

The fort was started in Pennsylvania or more specifically, western Pennsylvania. Before the British could complete the fort in Pennsylvania, the French seized it and built Fort Duquesne there. After a short battle, our friend Washington retreated to Fort Necessity. About 31 days later, a large French force arrived and forced him to surrender.

The conflict between the French and the British over the Ohio River Valley was not settled, however and was to turn, within a few years, into a bigger conflict.
2. In 1756, the fighting between Britain and France spread to Europe, where it became to be known as The Seven Years' War. Spain became an ally of France. The British triumphed, however. And so, the Treaty of Paris was signed in 1763. Which of the following is a valid statement with respect to this treaty?

Answer: France lost all claims to mainland North America

The only right answer is "France lost all claims to mainland North America." This seems obvious since the British won. In 1759. a British army led by General James Wolfe went to Quebec City in New France. There the French, led by General Louis Joseph Montcalm, were defeated by the British. Both generals died. Britain's victory was the turning point in North America. Elsewhere, the fighting continued until 1763.
3. In order to solve their debt problem after fighting with the French, the British government resorted to new harsh policies. It issued the Royal Proclamation of 1763, which was designed to reduce the likelihood of further wars in North America. Which of the following scenarios best represents the effects of the Proclamation?

Answer: A group of farmers decide to move west of the Appalachian Mountains, but British officials stop them.

In order to avoid more wars, the British decided that the best thing for them to do would be to limit western settlement until new treaties, such as the Treaty of Paris, could be negotiatetd. And thus, according to the Proclamation of 1763, colonists could not settle any land west of the line without the British government's permission.

Many farmers and merchants became enraged. The proclamation also drew a line from north to south along the mountains. King George III, the issuer of this policy, was King of Great Britain from 1760 to 1820. Under him, Britain won the French and Indian War but lost the Revolutionary War (between Britain and France).

He was mentally unstable because of a disease called porphyria, and he was thus known to become angry and unpredictable.
4. This man introduced the Sugar Act in 1764. This changed the tax rates on imports of raw sugar and molasses. Also, it placed new, high taxes on products such as silk and wine. Moreover, this person also convinced Parliament to pass the Stamp Act a year later. Who was it?

Answer: George Grenville

George Grenville wanted to find a way to reduce the many debts that the British had. So, he advocated plans such as the Sugar Act. (This plan was also known as the American Revenue Act of 1764). The Stamp Act required revenue stamps to be placed on printed papers, such as newspapers, posters, wills, deeds, licenses, bonds, dice, diplomas, and even playing cards! Unlike previous taxes, the stamp act was the first direct tax ever placed on the colonists. By summer of 1765, groups called Sons of Liberty were organizing meetings to scare stamp distributers.
5. On October 1765, in response to the Stamp Act, representatives of nine American colonies met. John Dickinson, one of the members, drafted the Declaration of Rights And Grievances. What was the immediate British response after reading such document?

Answer: The British ignored the demands

The Stamp Act thus took effect on November 1. Just as the British had ignored them, the colonies ignored the British. The colonists began to boycott all goods made in Britain. In New York, 200 merchants signed a non-importation agreement, where they said they would not buy any British goods until Parliament repealed the Stamp Act.

This impacted on England. (Thousands of workers lost their jobs).
6. After getting rid of the Stamp Act in 1766, the British introduced the Revenue Act of 1767. This consisted of new taxes which would help raise money in order to solve Britain's financial problems. Which of the following colonists would have suffered most from the Revenue Act?

Answer: A person wishing to buy paint in order to beautify his house

The Revenue Act of 1767 was part of the Townshend Acts, which were a series of measures to improve the financial problems that the British were having. The act only put taxes on certain products. This question basically asks you to choose the product that would have been taxed.

Other things, along with paint, that would be taxed were paper, glass, tea, and lead. Violators of this plan would be tried in courts. Like the Sugar Act, the Townshend Acts allowed officials to seize private property.
7. From 1767 to 1768, John Dickinson published his "Letters from a Pennsylvania Farmer." In response to his writings, the Massachusetts assembly began to organize against Britain. One of the leaders of this assembly was Sam Adams of Virginia, cousin of John Adams. Which piece of information, if any, is incorrect?

Answer: ...Sam Adams of Virginia

Sam Adams was actually born in Massachusetts. On February 1768, he and James Otis drafted a letter for the assembly to cirulate in the colonies. In it, was expressed the opposition towards the Townshend Acts. On August 1768, Boston and New York merchants agreed to the letter's concept.
8. During the 1760s, in response to the Townshend Acts, the Daughters of Liberty began to spin their own cloth, which they called "home spun." Why were these home-made creations important?

Answer: They symbolized the colonists' refusal to buy British materials

During the 1760s, the colonists again stopped drinking British tea and they also refused to buy British cloth. Wearing homespun rather than British cloth became a sign of patriotism. "Patriotism" means love of country and willingness to make sacrifices for it. Throughout the many colonies, the Sons of Liberty also supported the boycotts. Imports from Britain greatly declined in 1769.
9. Read the following quotation: "Come on you rascals, you bloody backs, you lobster scoundrels, fire if you dare." (Quoted in "American Voices, American Lives"). What is the name of the event that this alludes to?

Answer: The Boston Massacre

During this event Bostonians harassed the 1000 British troops and referred to them as "lobster backs" because of the red coats they wore. Newspapers depicted the British people as killers. Thomas Preston was the one who actually quoted the quotation found in the question.

In October of 1770, he was tried for murder in a Boston courtroom. He was defended by John Adams and Robert Auchmuty and assisted by Josiah Quincy Jr. Captain Preston was acquitted by a Boston jury. As a result of the massacre, peace and stability returned to the colonies, but only for a short time.
10. After the incident that occured in the fall of 1768 in the United States, in which Britain sent 1000 soldiers to Boston to maintain order, the British repealed almost all of the Townshend Acts. Which of the following colonists would have suffered from the one tax that was not abolished?

Answer: People who loved to drink tea

The tax that Parliament did not repel was on tea. British taxes on tea encouraged merchants to smuggle in cheaper Dutch tea. Speaking of TEA, in October 1773, the East India Company shipped 1,253 chests of tea to Boston, New York, Charles Town, and Philadelphia.

The colonists forced them to return home. In December 1773, Boston colonists dumped British tea into the Boston Harbor. This became known as the "Boston Tea Party."
Source: Author jackjani

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