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Quiz about The Battle of Borodino
Quiz about The Battle of Borodino

The Battle of Borodino Trivia Quiz


How much do you know about this crucial battle on Russian soil? Have fun.

A multiple-choice quiz by shvdotr. Estimated time: 3 mins.
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Author
shvdotr
Time
3 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
388,741
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Easy
Avg Score
8 / 10
Plays
465
Awards
Top 20% Quiz
Last 3 plays: Guest 136 (6/10), Guest 70 (10/10), Guest 5 (9/10).
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Question 1 of 10
1. The Battle of Borodino on 7 September, 1812, was a key battle in the French invasion of Russia. Who led the French? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. The Battle of Borodino resulted in horrific losses for both armies. The French suffered 30,000-35,000 casualties and the Russians 40,000-45,000. Not for 104 more years would world history see a greater loss of life in a single day's battle. Which World War I battle would surpass the slaughter of Borodino? Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. Which 67-year-old Russian general was given command of the Russian forces just ten days before the Battle of Borodino? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. Who was the tsar who proclaimed Russia's defense against the French Invasion to be a "Patriotic War"? Hint


Question 5 of 10
5. The invaders had an opportunity late in the battle to completely defeat the Russian forces, but the French commander chose not to commit his last reserves to attacking the retreating Russians, a tactic he had previously used in other victories. What was the name of this elite unit that was under the direct command of the French emperor? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. In the Battle of Borodino, Russian commanders Matvei Platov and General Uvatov led 8,000 Russian cavalry in an attempt to circle the French flank and attack their rear. By what name were these famed cavalrymen known? Hint


Question 7 of 10
7. Among the French force of over 600,000 that entered Russia were many fighters from client states outside of France. For example, the two cavalry forces that captured the Great Redoubt in the Battle of Borodino, the Garde du Corps and the Zastrow Cuirassiers, were Saxon horsemen. As such, what would their native language have been? Hint


Question 8 of 10
8. Which Russian city fell to the French one week after the Battle of Borodino? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. Although the invaders held the field and the Russian troops were forced to retreat, the battle was not a complete victory for France. As a matter of fact, it turned out to be one of those wins that inflicted such heavy losses on the victors that it was tantamount to a defeat. What type of victory is this? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. The eventual but complete failure of France's invasion of Russia, despite a victory at Borodino, came about because of what non-military strategy employed by the Russian government and people? Hint



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Most Recent Scores
Jul 14 2024 : Guest 136: 6/10
Jul 02 2024 : Guest 70: 10/10
Jun 27 2024 : Guest 5: 9/10
Jun 24 2024 : Guest 151: 10/10

Score Distribution

quiz
Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. The Battle of Borodino on 7 September, 1812, was a key battle in the French invasion of Russia. Who led the French?

Answer: Napoleon Bonaparte

Louis XVIII was not in Russia, but he became King of France in 1814. The other two incorrect answers were commanders at Borodino. But of course, the invasion of Russia was probably Napoleon's worst decision.
2. The Battle of Borodino resulted in horrific losses for both armies. The French suffered 30,000-35,000 casualties and the Russians 40,000-45,000. Not for 104 more years would world history see a greater loss of life in a single day's battle. Which World War I battle would surpass the slaughter of Borodino?

Answer: Battle of the Somme

Determining total casualties in any battle is problematic, and sources differ in different battles. One source I found listed Borodino as the bloodiest one-day battle in all of history. Several sources count Borodino's casualties at 74,000, and the French alone lost over 1,900 officers and 49 generals.

Of the choices given, only the Somme was a World War I battle. Cannae was a Roman and Carthaginian battle, Antietam was in the American Civil War, and Stalingrad was in World War II.
3. Which 67-year-old Russian general was given command of the Russian forces just ten days before the Battle of Borodino?

Answer: Prince Mikhail Kutuzov

Considered one of Russia's historically greatest generals, Kutuzov held high position for three rulers, Catherine the Great, Paul I, and Alexander I.

By the time of the Battle of Borodino, Prince Alexander Romanov was the tsar. His victory over Napoleon brought him great renown in Europe.

It was Barclay de Tolly, a member of the Scottish clan Barclay, whom Kutuzov replaced as the head of Russian troops prior to the Battle of Borodino.

Zhukov was the leading Soviet general during World War II.
4. Who was the tsar who proclaimed Russia's defense against the French Invasion to be a "Patriotic War"?

Answer: Alexander I

Alexander served as tsar from 1801 to 1825. Sometimes called Alexander the Blessed, he was also the first Russian King of Poland and the first Russian Grand Duke of Finland, both lands he gained as a result of the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte. He also wielded a strong hand at the Congress of Vienna.

Ivan ruled from 1533 (as Grand Prince of Moscow until 1547) to 1584, having taken the title Tsar of All the Russias in 1547. Peter ruled from 1682 to 1725. Nicholas II, the last (actual ruling) tsar of Russia, reigned from 1894 to 1917.
5. The invaders had an opportunity late in the battle to completely defeat the Russian forces, but the French commander chose not to commit his last reserves to attacking the retreating Russians, a tactic he had previously used in other victories. What was the name of this elite unit that was under the direct command of the French emperor?

Answer: The Imperial Guard

By the time of the Russian invasion, the Imperial Guard had grown from 8,000 men in 1804 to just under 100,000 men. It was composed of three echelons: the Old Guard, the Middle Guard, and the Young Guard. The Old Guard had served the emperor since his earliest campaigns, while the Middle Guard was composed of those who had joined from the campaigns between 1805 to 1809. The Imperial Guard had its own artillery, infantry, and cavalry.

The Grande Armee was the name of the total French force of the Russian campaign. The Ten Thousand Immortals were the elite units of the Achaemenian Persian armies, a name ascribed to them by Herodotus. Janissaries were elite soldiers of the Ottoman Empire, originally composed of Christian boys taken as a tax.
6. In the Battle of Borodino, Russian commanders Matvei Platov and General Uvatov led 8,000 Russian cavalry in an attempt to circle the French flank and attack their rear. By what name were these famed cavalrymen known?

Answer: The Cossacks

Although the action by the Don Cossacks did not engage French troops, their activity caused a shifting of Viceroy Eugène's IV Corps, which delayed it from conducting an assault on the Raevski redoubt. This delay would cause a loss of time by the French in their progress, which would have beneficial results for Russian forces later in the day.

Berserkers were Viking warriors, Winged Hussars were elite Hungarian horsemen, and the Numidian cavalry were African horsemen, all of earlier eras.
7. Among the French force of over 600,000 that entered Russia were many fighters from client states outside of France. For example, the two cavalry forces that captured the Great Redoubt in the Battle of Borodino, the Garde du Corps and the Zastrow Cuirassiers, were Saxon horsemen. As such, what would their native language have been?

Answer: German

One of France's client states under the First French Empire was the Confederation of the Rhine, which included states in Austria, Germany, Poland, Italy, and Liechtenstein. Among Saxon states were the Kingdom of Saxony and seven "Saxon Duchies" which included Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Saxe-Weimar, and Saxe-Gotha, among others.
8. Which Russian city fell to the French one week after the Battle of Borodino?

Answer: Moscow

Moscow was often thought of as Russia's "Second Capital" in the Nineteenth Century, since St. Petersburg was the nation's actual capital between 1712 and 1917.

The Grande Armee found itself in the area of Moscow as it continued pursuing the Russian Army in an attempt to engage it in battle, to punish the tsar and force him to surrender. Although the French occupied Moscow for about five weeks, they were forced to return to France, thus ending the invasion of Russia.
9. Although the invaders held the field and the Russian troops were forced to retreat, the battle was not a complete victory for France. As a matter of fact, it turned out to be one of those wins that inflicted such heavy losses on the victors that it was tantamount to a defeat. What type of victory is this?

Answer: A Pyrrhic Victory

The term "Pyrrhic victory" is a reference to a Third Century BC king of Epirus named Pyrrhus, who led an army which defeated the Romans in the 280 BC Battle of Heraclea and the 279 BC Battle of Asculum in the Pyrrhic War. According to Plutarch's "Life of Pyrrhus," the king is quoted as saying, "If we are victorious in one more battle with the Romans, we shall be utterly ruined."
10. The eventual but complete failure of France's invasion of Russia, despite a victory at Borodino, came about because of what non-military strategy employed by the Russian government and people?

Answer: Scorched earth policy

The scorched earth policy, carried out by Cossacks under orders of the tsar, resulted in the destruction of all foodstuffs and other resources that could have been used by the Grande Armee as they traveled across the Russian countryside. Even as the French entered Moscow, the Cossacks had fired the city.

But the Russians were not the first to employ the technique. Others to use it included the Scythians against the Persian King Darius the Great in 513 BC, the Sassanid Persians against the invading Roman Emperor Julian in AD 363, and Mercians under the rule of Alfred the Great against the invading Viking chief Hastein in AD 893. Wikipedia cites a number of other examples.
Source: Author shvdotr

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor bloomsby before going online.
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