Quiz about Those Migrating IndoEuropeans 2
Quiz about Those Migrating IndoEuropeans 2

Those Migrating Indo-Europeans 2 Quiz


Descendents of the Indo-Europeans eventually settled in many places stretching from India to Europe. How much do you know about the Persians?

A multiple-choice quiz by ponycargirl. Estimated time: 3 mins.
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Author
ponycargirl
Time
3 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
297,686
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
7 / 10
Plays
1464
Awards
Top 10% Quiz
Last 3 plays: Guest 173 (8/10), Guest 120 (6/10), Peachie13 (8/10).
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. What modern day country is what remains of the Persian empire? Hint

Iraq
Palestine
Asia Minor
Iran

2. Who was the founder of the Persian empire? Hint

Darius I
Cambyses
Darius II
Cyrus the Great

3. What was the state religion of the Persian empire? Hint

Arianism
Jainism
Nature Worship
Zoroastrianism

4. What were the elite troops of the Persian army called? Hint

the Untouchables.
the Band of Thebes.
the King's Companions.
the Immortals.

5. Darius the Great divided his empire into provinces called Hint

parishes.
departments.
satrapies.
fiefs.

6. Darius' royal governors were called his "eyes and ears."

True
False

7. Darius the Great tied his massive empire together by doing which of these? Hint

building roads.
all of these
using standard weights and measures.
allowing a certain degree of self-government and religious freedom.

8. What location did Darius choose for his new capital? Hint

Susa
Persepolis
Ninevah
Ecbatana

9. What famous battle did Darius fight with the Greeks in 490 B.C.? Hint

Mycale
Salamis
Marathon
Thermopylae

10. What was the most famous of the roads built by Darius? Hint

Royal Road.
Appian Way.
Silk Road.
Amber Road.


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. What modern day country is what remains of the Persian empire?

Answer: Iran

The modern day country of Iran is all that is left of the great Persian empire of ancient times. Persia was the official name that the Western world gave to the area until 1935, however, Persians had used the name Iran for centuries. The name means "land of the Aryans."
2. Who was the founder of the Persian empire?

Answer: Cyrus the Great

Two groups of Indo-Europeans settled on the Plateau of Iran - the Medes and the Persians. Cyrus originally ruled the Persians as a vassal state of the Medes. He eventually led a revolt, which resulted in the Medes being ruled by the Persians. Why was Cyrus called "the Great"? One possible explanation has to do with his treatment of conquered people. Unlike past empire builders, such as the Assyrians, Cyrus found that just as important as the authority to rule was the respect of the people ruled.

He generally spared the lives of conquered enemies and left their cities intact.
3. What was the state religion of the Persian empire?

Answer: Zoroastrianism

Zoroaster was a prophet who withdrew to the wilderness to meditate. When he returned he brought a message of a good god, Ahuramazda, and an evil god, Ahriman. Each individual had to determine which power to serve, and this decision determined whether a person would live in happiness or despair. (Did Zoraster come into contact with some Hebrews while he was meditating?) Because Zoroastrianism emphasized good conduct rather than magic rites, it is considered to be an ethical religion.

It is still practised today in parts of Iran and India.
4. What were the elite troops of the Persian army called?

Answer: the Immortals.

The Immortals were members of the elite army, comprised of Persians and Medes. They numbered 10,000. When one of them was killed in battle, he was immediately replaced.
5. Darius the Great divided his empire into provinces called

Answer: satrapies.

The Persian Empire was so large is was impossible for one person to rule alone effectively. Darius divided the empire into twenty satrapies, each with a governor called a satrap, who was chosen from the royal family or the nobility. Tax collection, the administration of justice, and raising conscripts for the army were duties held by the satrap.
6. Darius' royal governors were called his "eyes and ears."

Answer: False

Royal governors were called satraps. Darius' eyes and ears were his inspectors who were sent around to make sure that the satrapies were well-governed and prosperous.
7. Darius the Great tied his massive empire together by doing which of these?

Answer: all of these

Conquered people enjoyed a large degree of freedom as long as they paid their taxes and kept the peace. The Royal Road was a 1,680 mile highway that stretched from Susa in Persia to Sardis in Lydia. It helped to promote trade in the empire and enable troops movements when necesaary.

Not only did Darius establish standard weights and measures, he also issued a standard currency called the daric.
8. What location did Darius choose for his new capital?

Answer: Persepolis

Persepolis was chosen because of its remote location. Darius did not want too many people hanging around the location of his palace treasury. Even the ruins of this city are impressive. It was decorated with columns, statues, and bas reliefs. Alexander the Great accidentally or deliberately (it depends on the source you read) destroyed Persepolis after emptying the great storehouse.

It took 5,000 camels and 20,000 mules to carry away all the treasure.
9. What famous battle did Darius fight with the Greeks in 490 B.C.?

Answer: Marathon

Of course, the Battle of Marathon has gone down in history of a classic example of citizens fighting to maintain the freedom of their homeland against great odds. Herodotus says that the Persians lost 6,400 men, while the Athenians lost only 192. Darius was making plans for another invasion of Greece when he died in 486 B.C.
10. What was the most famous of the roads built by Darius?

Answer: Royal Road.

Ordinary travelers on the Royal Road could travel the distance of 1,680 miles from one end to the other in three months. Darius had a type of pony express system, whereby royal messengers would stop at stations every fourteen miles to get a fresh horse, and could cover the same distance in seven days.
Source: Author ponycargirl

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