Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. For many thousands of years Australian Aboriginals have used a simple but effective piece of technology called a 'woomera'. What, exactly, is a woomera?
2. In 1856, James Harrison patented something which would eventually become an indispensable part of modern life. What was this device which ultimately revolutionised our kitchens and our eating habits?
3. Australia was a tough place to tame. Turning Mallee scrub into agricultural land was problematic. Even after removing the above-ground wood, an extensive root system still proliferated underground making ploughing all but impossible. What ingenious Australian invention overcame this problem in 1876?
4. The Victa lawn mower is one of Australia's most iconic inventions. From backyard beginnings in suburban Sydney to a multi-million dollar turnover in only a few years, the Victa Mowers company is a real success story. Where did the name 'Victa' come from?
5. In the 1950s, Australian physicist Alan Walsh developed the 'Atomic Absorption Spectrometer'. Over the following 50 years it became a centre-piece in almost every analytical chemistry laboratory throughout the world. This instrument works by measuring the absorption of specific wavelengths of light by the element being analysed. Greatly helpful to the mining industry and tracing environmental pollution amongst many other applications, what does this instrument actually measure?
6. The first commercial jet flights were a feature of the 1950s, but unfortunately were accompanied by a series of accidents where the planes broke up in mid air. As there were no survivors nor witnesses to these accidents, what item, invented by an Australian named David Warren, is now found routinely on commercial airliners and provides vital information if the plane crashes?
7. 'RaceCam' revolutionised television coverage of sporting events, but in which sport did this device make its debut in 1979?
8. The early 1980s was an important time in the professional lives of Australian scientists Barry Marshall and John Robin Warren. Through their research they made a discovery that would radically alter the way doctors treated patients with gastritis and stomach ulcers. What had traditionally been considered the result of spicy food and a stressful lifestyle, was actually caused by something else. What causes these ulcers?
9. Counterfeiting can be a major problem in financial transactions. Which technology, enabling incorporation of more advanced security features, was developed in Australia in the mid 1980s and has become commonplace in many countries?
10. The Australian of the Year in 2006 was Professor Ian Frazer. He received this honour mainly due to his work with fellow researcher Jian Zhou on developing a vaccine to treat a common sexually transmitted infection. This infection has been shown to increase the risk of developing serious cancers in both men and women. Australia was the first country in the world to introduce a government funded vaccination program for this vaccine. For what does this vaccine provide immunity?
Source: Author MikeMaster99
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