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Quiz about World Heritage Sites of South America
Quiz about World Heritage Sites of South America

World Heritage Sites of South America Quiz


South America has numerous World Heritage Sites. This quiz covers just ten of them.

A photo quiz by rossian. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
rossian
Time
4 mins
Type
Photo Quiz
Quiz #
395,241
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
8 / 10
Plays
424
Awards
Top 10% Quiz
Last 3 plays: Joepetz (7/10), Guest 146 (7/10), Guest 108 (4/10).
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Question 1 of 10
1. Lucio Costa was the original architect and designer of which South American capital city? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. The churches of the ChiloÚ Archipelago, off the coast of Chile, are renowned for being built primarily from which material? Hint


photo quiz
Question 3 of 10
3. These magnificent waterfalls lie on the border between Brazil and Argentina. By what name do Argentinians know them? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. The Cueva de las Manos, or Cave of Hands, added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1999, is located in which country? Hint


photo quiz
Question 5 of 10
5. Santa Cruz de Mompox, in Colombia, was added to the World Heritage List in 1995. It is particularly associated with which liberator of South America, whose statue is shown in the photo? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. The historic downtown area of Olinda, in Brazil, became a World Heritage Site in 1982. Which crop led to its prosperity in the seventeenth century? Hint


photo quiz
Question 7 of 10
7. The photo shows an Intihuatana, located in which World Heritage Site in Peru, probably the best known of the sites featured in this quiz?

Answer: (Two Words (5, 6))
Question 8 of 10
8. The Valdes Peninsula, in Argentina, is best known as which of these? Hint


photo quiz
Question 9 of 10
9. The Historic Inner City of Paramaribo has been on UNESCO's World Heritage Site since 2002. Its architecture is primarily based on that of which European country? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. The Fray Bentos Cultural-Industrial Landscape was added to the list in 2015. Which country would you need to visit to see this site? Hint


photo quiz

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Most Recent Scores
Today : Joepetz: 7/10
Today : Guest 146: 7/10
Jun 05 2024 : Guest 108: 4/10
Jun 02 2024 : Guest 209: 5/10
May 27 2024 : Guest 175: 8/10
May 21 2024 : panagos: 9/10
May 18 2024 : Guest 86: 5/10
Apr 26 2024 : Johnmcmanners: 10/10

Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Lucio Costa was the original architect and designer of which South American capital city?

Answer: Brasilia

Brazil's capital until 1960 was Rio de Janeiro, situated on the coast of the country. The plan for a new capital city was first put forward in 1827 and was included in the country's constitution in 1891, but it was not until 1957 that Costa's draft plans for Brasilia were accepted. The construction of the city then raced ahead, with the official inauguration being in 1960.

The photo shows Brasilia's Cathedral, designed by Oscar Niemeyer, who was the architect for many of the public buildings in the capital.
2. The churches of the ChiloÚ Archipelago, off the coast of Chile, are renowned for being built primarily from which material?

Answer: Timber

There are sixteen churches listed on the World Heritage site, receiving their status in 2000. Dating from the time of Spanish colonisation, the churches are a combination of European and native skills. Wood was used for constructing the churches, as they needed to withstand the climate of the region, which has humidity and rainfall.

Originally, there were hundreds of small churches as the Jesuit missionaries built small churches wherever they went.
3. These magnificent waterfalls lie on the border between Brazil and Argentina. By what name do Argentinians know them?

Answer: Cataratas del Iguaz˙

The Portuguese version of the name, as used in Brazil, is Cataratas do Iguašu, with the English version being the Iguazu Falls. Given UNESCO World Heritage status in 1984, for the Argentinian Park, and in 1987 for the Brazilian Park, the falls are the largest system in the world, and a major tourist attraction.
4. The Cueva de las Manos, or Cave of Hands, added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1999, is located in which country?

Answer: Argentina

The artwork in the caves, which includes depictions of animals as well as the hands for which the caves are named, dates back at least 9,000 years, with some as old as 13,000 years. The pictures are stencilled, using natural pigments such as iron oxides and kaolin.

The remains of blowpipes have been found, aiding in the dating of the pictures, showing that the pigment was blown onto the hands, leaving an outline on the rocks.
5. Santa Cruz de Mompox, in Colombia, was added to the World Heritage List in 1995. It is particularly associated with which liberator of South America, whose statue is shown in the photo?

Answer: Simon Bolivar

Although he was born in Venezuela, in Caracas, Bolivar raised an army from Santa Cruz de Mompox in 1812. He is reported to have said 'If to Caracas I owe my life, then to Mompox I owe my glory'. Bolivar was the main man in the liberation of many countries of South America from Spanish rule, including Venezuela, Peru and Bolivia.

The World Heritage status applies to the historic central areas of the town. Buildings dating from the sixteenth century include churches and a hospital.
6. The historic downtown area of Olinda, in Brazil, became a World Heritage Site in 1982. Which crop led to its prosperity in the seventeenth century?

Answer: Sugar cane

The Portuguese settlement of Olinda began in 1535, with the production of sugar cane being the dominant source of income, aided by slave labour from Africa. Its location on the Atlantic coast made the town a target for other nations, with the Dutch taking over many of the plantations in the 1630s.

Although the Portuguese regained control, Olinda's heyday had passed. The colonial buildings in the town were granted World Heritage status in 1982, with most of them dating from the eighteenth century, when the town was rebuilt.
7. The photo shows an Intihuatana, located in which World Heritage Site in Peru, probably the best known of the sites featured in this quiz?

Answer: Machu Picchu

Macchu Pichu was left undisturbed by the Spanish, with historians concluding that they never discovered the site. It became known to the wider world in the early twentieth century, when the American explorer Hiram Bingham visited the area. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 and is also on the list of the New Seven Wonders of the World.

The picture shows an Intihuatana, a form of clock, used by the Incas to identify the date of the Winter Solstice, one of the most important dates in the year.
8. The Valdes Peninsula, in Argentina, is best known as which of these?

Answer: Nature reserve

The peninsula extends into the Atlantic Ocean and was recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999. Among the wildlife which makes its home here and the surrounding waters are elephant seals, orcas and baleen whales. On land, the reserve provides homes for rheas, maras (Patagonian hares), dwarf armadillos and gray foxes. Birds include penguins and Antarctic pigeons, with sources saying as many as 180 different species, mostly migratory, can be seen in the reserve.
9. The Historic Inner City of Paramaribo has been on UNESCO's World Heritage Site since 2002. Its architecture is primarily based on that of which European country?

Answer: Netherlands

If you know that Paramaribo is the capital of Suriname, and that this country is the only Dutch speaking country in South America, you should have been able to answer the question, even if the Dutch style of architecture escaped you.
10. The Fray Bentos Cultural-Industrial Landscape was added to the list in 2015. Which country would you need to visit to see this site?

Answer: Uruguay

The industrial complex was built in 1859 to deal with the processing of meat products, in particular corned beef, which was sold under the name of Fray Bentos. Production ceased in the 1960s, but the buildings have been retained to form a museum. The area became Uruguay's second World Heritage Site in 2015 - the other is the historic centre of Colonia del Sacramento, which is possibly more picturesque.
Source: Author rossian

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor stedman before going online.
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