Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. After 15 years as a French vassal and 3 years as a French province the Netherlands were liberated in 1813. Who liberated the Netherlands?
2. Who was crowned King of the United Netherlands in 1815?
3. In order to provide protection against France, the Netherlands were granted the lands of Belgium and Luxembourg as a buffer zone.
4. William I got the nickname 'De Koopman-Koning' (The Merchant King). He effectively invested money and capital in Holland, restoring it as an economic power. Where did William I got this capital from?
5. In 1830 revolution swept through Europe. The Europeans demanded democracy. In the Dutch capital of Brussels people started revolting and this soon spread across Belgium. William I unleashed the Dutch Army on Antwerp, starting a civil war. Which of these was NOT a cause for the Belgian Revolution?
6. After the loss of Belgium all the industrial progress was lost and the Netherlands was virtually sent back to 1750s.
7. 1848 was another year of revolution. Once again revolution swept through Europe. After revolutions in Italy, Hungary, France and many of the German states, there was unrest in The Hague and William II feared a revolution. He ordered the granting of a constitution. Who created the Constitution of the Netherlands?
8. William III was crowned king in 1849. He was as much a nationalist as a madman, trying many political tricks to regain power. His first opportunity came in 1853, when the 'Aprilbeweging' ('April Movement') fought against the rising Vatican influence. Which side did the king choose?
9. The king didn't know where to stop. In 1866 the king named Pieter Mijer to governor-general of the Dutch East Indies. However Mijer was already Secretary of the Colonies, the king was just trying to annoy the parliament once again. What was the reaction of the parliament?
10. In 1867 William III so desperate about his decreasing power almost started a war with which country?
11. William III remained popular with the Dutch people.
12. Why did Luxembourg became independent?
13. In 1902 the Dutch lost their last influence in Africa when which nation took control of the last independent Dutch-speaking lands in Africa?
14. What side was the Netherlands on in the First World War?
15. In 1914 the German army invaded Belgium and many Belgian refugees fled to the Netherlands. How did the Belgians contribute to the Dutch society?
16. The Dutch didn't fight any war at all between 1914 and 1918.
17. In 1917 the Dutch wanted to expand. Many Dutch citizens signed a petition to Queen Wilhelmina, asking her to enter the war. Which nation did they want to 'help' by entering the war.
18. In November 1918, inspired by the Communist revolutions in Russia and Germany, the socialist leader thought that the Netherlands were ripe for revolution. After an hour long speech he tried to disband the Dutch parliament. In one city there was fighting. Which city?
19. The late 1920s saw the rise of Fascism in Netherlands. Who was the Fascist leader in the Netherlands?
20. The NSB lost almost all their votes in the 1930s due to which action or development?
21. On 10 May 1940 the Dutch were awakened by the sound of airplanes. They thought the luftwaffe was going to blitz Britain. Many Dutch people were astonished when the Germans parachuted into Rotterdam. How long did the Dutch resist the Germans?
22. There were already concentration camps in the Netherlands before the Germans invaded. Which camp was already active in 1939?
23. On 7 December 1941 Japan attacked the USA, UK, Netherlands and Australia. These nations organized themselves in the ABDA. The Dutch put up a good fight against the Japanese. However the fall of Singapore, the losses of the American Navy at Pearl Harbor, bad communication and the overwhelming power of the Japanese Zero caused defeat. When did the KNIL surrender?
24. After Operation Market Garden in 1944 the Netherlands were half liberated and half occupied. The Netherlands were ruled by the Führer of the Netherlands Anton Mussert. However which person held the most power in the Netherlands?
25. In 1945 Indonesia declared independence. This wasn't welcome news in the Netherlands and the Dutch started the 'politionele acties'. Which army was superior in Indonesia?
Source: Author Dcape5
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