Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. The Dutch East India Company was founded in 1602. The Dutch displaced another European colonial power to monopolize trade with the Spice Islands. What colonial power did they displace?
2. In 1619 Dutch East India Company captured the port of Jakarta and renamed it__________?
3. In 1658 the Dutch conquered the Portuguese territories in this island, attracted by the spice trade. This trade had been developed by Arab merchants who called the island Serendip.
4. The Portuguese were ousted from this trading port by the Dutch after a seven-year blockade in 1641.
5. The Spice Islands were captured by the Dutch in ca. 1605-21, and so they gained a monopoly of the spice trade. What are these islands called today? They are still the worldīs major producer of spices, especially nutmegs, mace and cloves.
6. This port on Sulawesi (Celebes) Island was captured by the Dutch in 1667. It was to become a major trading center in the area.
7. The Dutch took control of this port in S.India in 1663. It was the principal harbor of the Malabar Coast.
8. The Dutch West India Company was established in 1609. This company organzied attacks on Spain and Portugal (which were united from 1580-1640) and their colonies, including piracy against the silver fleets. In 1624 the Dutch conquered this city/district (as well as six other districts) in Brazil. The aim was to utilize their products, mainly sugar cane and tobacco, and take over the slave trade.
9. The Dutch also settled several colonies in the West Indies. Many of these islands are still Dutch colonies, the only remaining part of the Dutch colonial empire. This island is the biggest of the Netherlands Antilles and was captured by Dutch West India Company in 1634.
10. The Treaty of Paris in 1815 (after the Napoleonic Wars) awarded another Caribbean island to the Dutch. Which one?
11. This Dutch colony in South America was ceded to them by England under the terms of the Treaty of Breda in 1667. It remained a Dutch colony until independence 1975.
12. The Dutch had a colony in North America from 1613-64. What was the name of the colony?
13. What was the Dutch name of Georgetown, now capital of Guyana, when it was part of Dutch colony Guiana (or Essequibo-Demerara)?
14. What was the name of the Dutch 'factory' established in 1598 on West Java? It used to be a powerful Muslim sultanate. It was captured by the British in 1602, but the Dutch expelled them in 1682.
15. This was the only Japanese port in which Europeans were allowed to trade. Privileges were granted to the Dutch East India Company in 1639.
16. Settlement was begun in this area of Africa by the Dutch East India Company in 1652.
17. This was the name of a Dutch 'factory' in Formosa (Taiwan) operated from 1624 to 1683.
18. This became the principal Dutch station on Coromandel Coast (India) when it was taken from the Portuguese in 1660.
19. This was a principal Dutch station in Bengal,acquired in 1656 after Dutch withdrawal from Hooghly.
20. This is the name of a principal harbor in which (after 1684) all the various European East India Companies (including the Dutch) had factories.
21. This territory gradually came under Dutch control in the 18th century. Capital: Hollandia.
22. This colony was seized by Dutch in 1618. Capital: Kupang.
23. This colony was claimed by Dutch who subdued coast, especially in wars from 1850-54 and 1859-62. Capital: Bandjarmasin.
24. The Dutch East India Company ousted the Portuguese from this island in 1605. The island was source of Portuguese clove monopoly. Captured by British in 1796 and 1810, but restored to Dutch in 1814.
25. This former sultanate on Western tip of Sumatra was the destination of the first ventures of Dutch and English East India Companies in 1599 and 1602.
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