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Quiz about Dutch History II  Middle Ages
Quiz about Dutch History II  Middle Ages

Dutch History: II - Middle Ages Quiz


This is my second quiz about Dutch history. Enjoy!

A multiple-choice quiz by Dcape5. Estimated time: 5 mins.
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Author
Dcape5
Time
5 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
339,016
Updated
Jul 23 22
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Tough
Avg Score
5 / 10
Plays
253
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. In the 8th century the Christianization of the Netherlands began in Frisia(Friesland). Willibrord was a monk, who started to convert the heathen Frisians and has been described as the "Apostle to the Frisians". He became the first Bishop of Utrecht. But where did he come from? Hint

Bavaria
France
BroŽrec
Northumbria

2. The most famous monk in Dutch history is Boniface. Boniface was an English monk, who was inspired by Willibrord. In the second half of the 8th century he started helping Willibrord converting the Frisians. However, many Frisians resisted the Christian missionaries. Saint Boniface was killed in 754. Where? Hint

Jirnsum
Utrecht
Dokkum
Dorestad

3. In 785 the Frankish armies conquered the last Frisian stronghold. The last Frisian king, Widukind, was baptized in Attigny. He was also adopted by the man who defeated him. Who conquered Frisia, adopted Widukind and converted the last "Dutch heathens"? Hint

Charlemagne
Charles Martel
Pepin the Short
Louis the Pious

4. Charlemagne divided his empire into imperial palatinates ("Kaiserpfalzen"). These were imperial palaces with attached fiefdoms in Charlemagne's Empire. Each palace controlled a fief. The Netherlands were divided into three fiefdoms. Which cities had such imperial palaces? Hint

Nijmegen, The Hague, Amsterdam
Nijmegen, Utrecht, Zutphen
Brussels, Antwerp, Utrecht
Dokkum, Ghent, Aachen

5. The earliest written document in Dutch is "Hebban olla vogala". It was a medieval love song, probably written by a Flemish monk. Roughly when was it written? Hint

1100 AD
500 AD
1200 AD
800 AD

6. The most famous Count of Holland was Floris V (1254-1296). He became count at the age of 2. His father William II died. How? Hint

Suicide
Old age
He was killed
Bubonic plague

7. When Floris V became count, he wanted to avenge the death of his father. He attacked the Frisians, but the campaign was a great failure. While he was away fighting he almost lost his power. What happened? Hint

The Hague was conquered by France
He was captured by the Frisians
His nobles mounted a coup d'etat
His people began to revolt

8. Floris V was honoured by his ordinary subjects and hated by the nobles. In 1290 he was kidnapped by a few of his nobles who locked him up in his own castle. Which was it? Hint

Het Loo
Great Hall
Muiderslot
Soestdijk

9. In the 14th century, many cities in the Netherlands started to flourish. Many of those cities were based on the river Ijssel. They started to trade with cities on the Baltic. Which of these was NOT part of the Hanseatic League? Hint

Deventer
's-Hertogenbosch
Amsterdam
Zwolle

10. Holland, especially Amsterdam, needed grain from the Baltic to feed the growing population. The Hanseatic League tried to protect their monopoly and demanded that Denmark should close the Sound to Dutch ships. Who won the four Dutch-Hanseatic wars? Hint

France
Hanseatic League
Holland and their allies
Denmark


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. In the 8th century the Christianization of the Netherlands began in Frisia(Friesland). Willibrord was a monk, who started to convert the heathen Frisians and has been described as the "Apostle to the Frisians". He became the first Bishop of Utrecht. But where did he come from?

Answer: Northumbria

Willibrord was a monk from the British Isles. Most monks in the Netherlands came from Great Britain and Ireland.
Bavaria was a state in South Germany.
BroŽrec was a state in modern Brittany.
2. The most famous monk in Dutch history is Boniface. Boniface was an English monk, who was inspired by Willibrord. In the second half of the 8th century he started helping Willibrord converting the Frisians. However, many Frisians resisted the Christian missionaries. Saint Boniface was killed in 754. Where?

Answer: Dokkum

Dokkum was the place where Saint Boniface was killed by Frisian civilians. It was also the largest city in Frisia at the time.
Utrecht was the Frisian capital in the 7th century.
Dorestad was the most succesful city in the Netherlands in the Early Middle Ages. It had a major trade market, where merchants from the British Isles, France and Germany traded. It was also the place of major battles between the Franks and the Frisiana.
Jirnsum is just a small town in Frisia.
3. In 785 the Frankish armies conquered the last Frisian stronghold. The last Frisian king, Widukind, was baptized in Attigny. He was also adopted by the man who defeated him. Who conquered Frisia, adopted Widukind and converted the last "Dutch heathens"?

Answer: Charlemagne

Charlemagne conquered Frisia and established a Catholic stronghold in Northern Europe. Charlemagne was the most important medieval leader in Dutch history. He was crowned Roman Emperor on Christmas Day, 800 AD.
Pepin the Short was father of Charlemagne.
Charles "the Hammer" Martel was grandfather of Charlemagne and famous for defeating the Muslim armies at Tours.
Louis the Pious was son of Charlemagne. He was the only son who outlived his father.
4. Charlemagne divided his empire into imperial palatinates ("Kaiserpfalzen"). These were imperial palaces with attached fiefdoms in Charlemagne's Empire. Each palace controlled a fief. The Netherlands were divided into three fiefdoms. Which cities had such imperial palaces?

Answer: Nijmegen, Utrecht, Zutphen

Nijmegen had the castle "Valkenburg". Utrecht had Lofen. Zutphen's castle is unknown. Brussels, Antwerp and Ghent are in Belgium. Aachen is in Germany. Amsterdam and the Hague had not yet been founded. Dokkum was conquered by Charlemagne, but he didn't rule Frisia. Frisia was ruled by "friends", not by feudal vassals.
5. The earliest written document in Dutch is "Hebban olla vogala". It was a medieval love song, probably written by a Flemish monk. Roughly when was it written?

Answer: 1100 AD

It dates from around 1100 AD. The other dates are just made up.
6. The most famous Count of Holland was Floris V (1254-1296). He became count at the age of 2. His father William II died. How?

Answer: He was killed

William II was also elected King of Germany. However, Germany had been disunited since the death of Frederick Barbarossa and he had to share power. He was also a great enemy of the Frisians. In 1256 he went to war against Friesia. He was horribly murdered. In one of his campaigns his horse fell through the ice and the Frisians quickly charged at him and smashed his skull.
7. When Floris V became count, he wanted to avenge the death of his father. He attacked the Frisians, but the campaign was a great failure. While he was away fighting he almost lost his power. What happened?

Answer: His people began to revolt

Farmers and burghers in the Kennemerland started to revolt, because they want more rights. Floris V had lost many soldiers, so he had to give them the rights they wanted. His nobles got angry about this, but they didn't try to reverse it.

The Hague was never captured by France in the Middle Ages.
8. Floris V was honoured by his ordinary subjects and hated by the nobles. In 1290 he was kidnapped by a few of his nobles who locked him up in his own castle. Which was it?

Answer: Muiderslot

He was held in Muiderslot. His subjects marched to the castle to demand his release. The nobles left the castle in the night with Floris V. His legs were tied to his horse. He tried to escape, but he fell into a ditch and was killed by the nobles.
The Great Hall was also built by Floris V and was his seat of power. Today, the Dutch government meets in the Great Hall.
Soestdijk and het Loo are palaces but were not built during his reign.
9. In the 14th century, many cities in the Netherlands started to flourish. Many of those cities were based on the river Ijssel. They started to trade with cities on the Baltic. Which of these was NOT part of the Hanseatic League?

Answer: Amsterdam

Tha Hanseatic League was a union between merchants based in LŁbeck. Merchantsfrom other parts of the Holy Roman Empire, Poland, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, The Netherlands, Belgium, Russia and the Baltic also joined. The Hanseatic League soon monopolized the grain trade in the Baltic and started to trade with merchants from England, Spain and Italy.

In this era 's-Hertogenbosch became the largest city in the Netherlands. Holland wasn't part of the League and greatly envied its monopoly.
10. Holland, especially Amsterdam, needed grain from the Baltic to feed the growing population. The Hanseatic League tried to protect their monopoly and demanded that Denmark should close the Sound to Dutch ships. Who won the four Dutch-Hanseatic wars?

Answer: Holland and their allies

Holland together with their allies Zeeland, Norway and Prussia defeated the Hanseatic navies in the Danish sea. Holland and Norway got access to Baltic, and the League started to get financial problems. From the 15th century the Moedernegotie (the grain trade with the Baltic region) was the most important trade route for the Netherlands.

It was also their lifeline. In the 15th century their were many plagues in Western Europe, but Holland and Zeeland continues to grow.
Source: Author Dcape5

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor bloomsby before going online.
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