Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. From prehistoric till medieval times the Netherlands were never united under one leader. That started to change in 1384 when Philip the Bold became Count of Flanders. From which country was Philip the Bold?
2. In medieval time the Netherlands were divided in countless city-states united in duchies, all with their own interests. The Burgundian dukes needed financial and militairy aid from the city states in their wars against France and granted them "city rights". At the end of the 15th century that changed. Why?
3. Philip the Handsome became Duke of Burgundy when his father Maximiliam I died.
He married the Joanna of Castile, which granted him control over most of the Kingdom of Spain, but not all. He had to co-rule the Spanish Empire with his father-in-law. Who was his father-in-law?
4. Charles V, son of Philip and Joannna gained much territory when his parents and his grandfather died. Which was not a title of Charles?
5. Since the control of Charles V, the Dutch people became to feel angered by the Holy Roman Imperial influence. Charles V didn't only want to make the Netherlands a centralized nation (the Seventeen Provinces). What other major factor sparked hate against foreign rule?
6. In 1555 Charles V abdicated his throne to his son, Philip II. Philip II had inherited a large empire and controlled: Spain, the Netherlands, Italy, most of the Americas, Philippines, Burgundy and briefly reigned England (with Queen Mary). His sister, Margaret of Parma was put in charge of the Netherlands. She wanted to be a good gouvernor, this was in contrast with King Philip. Who replaced Margeret of Parma in Brussels?
7. By 1566 hatred against the Spanish and the Duke of Alba reached a boiling point. What act was carried out by the Dutch people against Spanish Catholic rule?
8. After the Iconoclastic Fury the Duke of Alba persecuted William the Silent, who fled to Germany. In 1568 he returned with a new army an attacked the Spanish army at Heiligerlee. The Eighty Years' War had begun. Their first victory was at the city of Den Briel. In what year was this?
9. On 4th November 1576 the Spanish made a comeback when they caputred the largest city of the Netherlands. They killed most of the citizens and destoryed most of the city. Many richer citizens fled to Amsterdam. What city was sacked by the Spanish?
10. The Dutch were relieved, because the Spanish had to fight more wars. Which of these countries was NOT at war with Spain in 1588?
11. In 1602 the VOC (Dutch United East India Company) was founded. It had notable early successes. They had captured parts of Java, India and Malaysia and started trading with Japan and China. Where was the seat of power of the governor-general of the Dutch East Indies?
12. After years of fightning, the Spanish Empire and the United Provinces declared a truce in 1609-1621 (Twelve Years'Truce). The Spanish wanted to negotiate because their fleet was destroyed. Where was the Spanish fleet destroyed?
13. The first governor-general of the East Indies was Jan Pieterszoon Coen. Coen was a dreadful leader. He had a grudge against the Portuguese and tried everything to hold a monopoly in the East Indies. He had also a love of war. Which act was NOT carried out by Coen?
14. In 1621 the war restarted. In the same year the WIC (Dutch West Indies Company) was founded. Their most famous victory was the capture of the Silver Fleet at Matanzas Bay. Under the command of Piet Pieterszoon Hein the WIC brought the treasures to the Netherlands, refillling their treasury. In what country was this battle?
15. In 1635 the Dutch gained new allies in their war with Spain. One of them was Sweden. Which was the other?
16. In 1648 the Treaty of Münster ended the war between the United Provinces and the Spanish Empire. During this peace the Dutch Colonial Empire started to expand rapidly, with colonies in North America, Asia, Africa, Australia and South America. The peace was broken in 1652, when which country declared war?
17. 1655 saw the start of the Second Anglo-Dutch War. The United Provinces under the command of Johan de Witt reached their height. Since their defeat by the English, the Dutch rebuilt their navy and prepared for war. Which English river was controlled by the Dutch Navy under command of Michiel De Ruyter?
18. The Dutch Golden Age was also marked by achievements by great artists, navigators and scientists. Who was the most famous Dutch painter in the Golden Age?
19. The Dutch were also great navigators. Which of these four explorers did NOT reach Australia.
20. In 1697 Peter I (the Great) of Russia visited the Netherlands. He came to learn about Dutch shipbuilding and culture. He was so impressed that he even wanted to change the Russian language to Dutch.
21. Which Dutch city was immensely prosperous in the Golden Age with a flourishing port, a stock exchange of international significance and vibrant cultural life?
22. What kind of government did the United Provinces have in the Golden Age?
23. Who was the grand pensionary during the Golden Age?
24. 1672 - Disaster Year! The Golden Age ended. Who destroyed the Dutch Golden Age?
25. There were two major flaws. William III didn't support Louis XIV and took control of the Dutch Navy, and the English Navy overestimated itself. Michiel de Ruyter quickly defeated a large Anglo-French Navy at the Battle of Solebay. The war was a combination of the Franco-Dutch War and the Third Anglo-Dutch War. When did the Anglo-Dutch War end?
Source: Author Dcape5
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