Quiz about Italys 150th Birthday
Quiz about Italys 150th Birthday

Italy's 150th Birthday Trivia Quiz


In 2011 Italy turned 150. Let's celebrate by learning something about this young nation's history.

A multiple-choice quiz by zordy. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
zordy
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
336,432
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
6 / 10
Plays
537
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. March, 17, 1861: the Kingdom of Italy is born. Who was its first King?
Hint

Umberto I
Victor Emmanuel II
Alboin
Franz Josef

2. Initially, the Kingdom of Italy didn't include Venice (under Austrian rule) or Rome (Papal State). Which was the first capital city?
Hint

Milan
Naples
Florence
Turin

3. Italian unification was preceded by half a century of political turmoil, insurrection and intrigue that marked the birth of a new nation and of a national identity. This period has a very romantic name. What is it? Hint

Rinascimento (Renaissance)
Rivolgimento (Turmoil)
Resistenza (Resistance)
Risorgimento (Resurgence)

4. On the political side, the "brain" behind the unification of Italy was a brilliant Piedmontese politician, Italy's first Prime Minister. Who was this man, who died only three months after the proclamation of the new state?
Hint

Benito Mussolini
Giuseppe Garibaldi
Count Cavour
Giuseppe Mazzini

5. This man was a Risorgimento superstar, an international legend, the "Hero of the Two Worlds", famous for his fair beard, long hair, red shirt and military exploits. He's one of the Fathers of the Country. Who was he?
Hint

George Custer
Giuseppe Garibaldi
Ugo Foscolo
Giuseppe Verdi

6. Giuseppe Mazzini, another Father of the Country, spent most of his life conspiring for the liberation and unification of Italy, organizing insurrection and fleeing into exile. In 1831, in Marseille, he founded a secret political society calling all patriots to popular insurrection. What did he call this society?
Hint

Carboneria
Giovine Italia (Young Italy)
Mano Nera (Black Hand)
The Drones

7. In what year did the Kigdom of Italy became a republic?
Hint

1870
1946
1961
1918

8. WWI: on which side did Italy fight?
Hint

Central Powers: with Germany and Austria
Entente, with Britain, France, Russia and the USA
Neutral
At first Central Powers, then it changed sides

9. 1943: Fascist Italy was invaded by Allied Forces landing in Sicily. The King sacked Mussolini and signed an armistice. Germany occupied northern and central Italy and established a new Fascist puppet state. What was it called?
Hint

The Duchy of the Duce
Greater Tyrol
Repubblica di SalÚ
Paese di Mussolini

10. Italy was born a poor nation: millions emigrated to find better life conditions. But politician had grandiose dreams and tried to pursue an imperialistic policy and to build an "empire" overseas. Which of the following never was an Italian colony?
Hint

Eritrea
Tunisia
Libya
Ethiopia


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. March, 17, 1861: the Kingdom of Italy is born. Who was its first King?

Answer: Victor Emmanuel II

Victor Emmanuel II of Savoy had been King of Sardinia (the Kingdom of Sardinia included Piedmont, Liguria, Nice, Savoy and Sardinia). Being the first King of Italy, why did he mantain the number two after his name? Probably because he considered the new state as a mere enlargement of the old one: it seems that he didn't even speak good Italian, using French on official occasions and Piedmontese dialect in everyday life.

The Longobard Alboin was king of Italy in AD 568.
2. Initially, the Kingdom of Italy didn't include Venice (under Austrian rule) or Rome (Papal State). Which was the first capital city?

Answer: Turin

Turin was the Piedmontese capital and naturally became the first Italian capital (1861-1865). Venice and the Veneto region were annexed in 1866 after the "Third War of Independence". Rome was seized in 1870. Florence was used as capital from 1865-1871.
3. Italian unification was preceded by half a century of political turmoil, insurrection and intrigue that marked the birth of a new nation and of a national identity. This period has a very romantic name. What is it?

Answer: Risorgimento (Resurgence)

The Risorgimento has always been narrated, in schools and books, as a popular movement in which all Italians struggled to be reunited to their oppressed brothers. History and politics are not so simple. But the Risorgimento didn't lack a bright and genuinely revolutionary side.

In the case of the Roman Republic, for instance, that lasted only five months in 1849, patriots, inspired by democratic ideals, seized Rome and deposed Pope Pius IX. The French army intervened, reinstating the Pope as head of the Papal States: universal adult male suffrage, the abolition of the death penalty and other very advanced ideals had to wait.
4. On the political side, the "brain" behind the unification of Italy was a brilliant Piedmontese politician, Italy's first Prime Minister. Who was this man, who died only three months after the proclamation of the new state?

Answer: Count Cavour

Count Cavour was a very able man, a liberal, anti-republican and anti-clerical (yes, the super-Catholic Italy was made by a bunch of people who didn't go to church, to say the least). It is said that after the birth of the new kingdom he declared: "We've built Italy, now we have to build Italians", a task that many consider not accomplished yet.
5. This man was a Risorgimento superstar, an international legend, the "Hero of the Two Worlds", famous for his fair beard, long hair, red shirt and military exploits. He's one of the Fathers of the Country. Who was he?

Answer: Giuseppe Garibaldi

Garibaldi was born in 1807 in Nice that, sadly, was ceded to France in 1859 to repay Napoleon III of his intervention in the war against Austria.
Garibaldi was a natural fighter: he waged guerrilla warfare in Brazil and Uruguay, where his legionnaires adopted the butcher's typical red shirt.
During the Risorgimento, in 1860, he led the famous "Expedition of the Thousand" conquering Sicily and the whole of the south of mainland Italy, then under the Bourbon King of Naples.
He was very popular at the time, and when he visited London in 1864 the reception was like those given to pop stars today. Queen Victoria didn't like him very much, however.
Garibaldi, elected to the National Parliament, spent most of his late life on his small island of Caprera, where he died, leaving us his dreams: among them, the dream of a United Europe. And he also left those incredible names he gave his children (again, like a pop star): Menotti and Ricciotti.
6. Giuseppe Mazzini, another Father of the Country, spent most of his life conspiring for the liberation and unification of Italy, organizing insurrection and fleeing into exile. In 1831, in Marseille, he founded a secret political society calling all patriots to popular insurrection. What did he call this society?

Answer: Giovine Italia (Young Italy)

The Giovine Italia was imitated in much of Europe (Young Germany, Young Poland, Young Switzerland and so on). It backed democratic and republican ideals. Mazzini, too, was one of the early advocates of United States of Europe, an utopian idea back then.
7. In what year did the Kigdom of Italy became a republic?

Answer: 1946

In 1946 a nationwide referendum decided that Italy should cease to be a kingdom. The House of Savoy was deeply involved with Fascism, including anti-Jewish laws signed by the King in 1938. Nevertheless, Republicans won only 54.3% of the vote. Monarchists alleged bribery. The Republic was proclaimed on June 18, 1946. Umberto II, the last King of Italy, had reigned for 40 days and was called "The King of May".
8. WWI: on which side did Italy fight?

Answer: Entente, with Britain, France, Russia and the USA

Italy fought mainly on its north-eastern frontier against Austria. The war was incredibly brutal and costly even by WWI standards: Italy had 651,000 military deaths between May 1915 and November 1918. On the subject of the Italian front I recommed the book "The White War", by Mark Thompson, published in 2008.
9. 1943: Fascist Italy was invaded by Allied Forces landing in Sicily. The King sacked Mussolini and signed an armistice. Germany occupied northern and central Italy and established a new Fascist puppet state. What was it called?

Answer: Repubblica di SalÚ

SalÚ is a village on Lake Garda. For almost two years, Fascist militia and German soldiers had to fight against Italian Patriots, called the "Partigiani", struggling to restore Italian dignity and freedom after twenty years of dictatorship.
10. Italy was born a poor nation: millions emigrated to find better life conditions. But politician had grandiose dreams and tried to pursue an imperialistic policy and to build an "empire" overseas. Which of the following never was an Italian colony?

Answer: Tunisia

Eritrea was annexed in 1882; Lybia in 1911; Ethiopia (called Abyssinia) only in 1936.
Maybe it's more accurate to say that Italy colonized with its workers other parts of the world: the United States for instance, or Argentina (half of Argentinians seem to have an Italian name) or Brazil (Sao Paolo has more people with Italian ancestry than any other city in the world, including Rome).
Source: Author zordy

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor bloomsby before going online.
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