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Quiz about The History of Florence
Quiz about The History of Florence

The History of Florence Trivia Quiz


Florence is one of the most historically rich cities in Italy and Europe. This quiz takes you on a journey through Florence's time as a city-state and city throughout the ages.

A multiple-choice quiz by Joepetz. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
Joepetz
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
374,153
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
7 / 10
Plays
419
Awards
Top 35% Quiz
Last 3 plays: Guest 99 (9/10), Linda_Arizona (10/10), calmdecember (10/10).
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Question 1 of 10
1. Which kind of people founded Florence in 59 B.C. after receiving the land from Julius Caesar? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. Which people invaded the Roman Empire and besieged Florence in 405 A.D. but failed in their ultimate goal of burning Rome? Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. What is the name of the world-famous Florentine bridge that spans the narrowest point of the Arno River and was finished in 1080? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. Florence experienced a power struggle in the 1200s between the Ghibellines, people who supported the Holy Roman Emperor, and the Guelphs who were supporters of who? Hint


Question 5 of 10
5. The de Medici family were a powerful family who dominated Florence for centuries beginning in 1377 when Giovanni de Medici founded his family's bank. What is the name of his oldest child who became the first de Medici to rule Rome politically even though he or she never held a public office? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. What was Florence's rival city-state that was defeated at the Battle of Marciano in 1551? Hint


Question 7 of 10
7. Which musical instrument was invented in Florence by Bartolomeo Cristofori in 1700? Hint


Question 8 of 10
8. When Florence became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy in 1865, which city did it replace? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. What, according to unproven rumor, is the reason the Germans did NOT destroy the Ponte Vecchio during their retreat from Florence in 1944? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. On May 27, 1993, members of the Corleonesi mafia family detonated a bomb that killed five people behind which famous Florence museum? Hint



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Most Recent Scores
Apr 04 2024 : Guest 99: 9/10
Mar 14 2024 : Linda_Arizona: 10/10
Feb 28 2024 : calmdecember: 10/10
Feb 27 2024 : Guest 122: 5/10
Feb 27 2024 : Guest 93: 5/10
Feb 22 2024 : Guest 172: 7/10

Score Distribution

quiz
Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Which kind of people founded Florence in 59 B.C. after receiving the land from Julius Caesar?

Answer: Soldiers

The area that became Florence was deemed the most fertile lands around the Arno River and Caesar reserved it for his best soldiers when they left service. Florence was set up in a grid-shaped pattern, much like how military camps were in those days. It was originally named Florentia before it was called Firenze, in Italian.
2. Which people invaded the Roman Empire and besieged Florence in 405 A.D. but failed in their ultimate goal of burning Rome?

Answer: Goths

The Goths were led by the pagan King Radagaisus, who wanted to destroy Rome because of its Christian beliefs of its senators. The Goths were able to pass through the northern part of Italy with little problem until they reached Florence where over a third of the Goth soldiers were killed. Roman General Stilicho was able to save Florence just as it was about to surrender.
3. What is the name of the world-famous Florentine bridge that spans the narrowest point of the Arno River and was finished in 1080?

Answer: Ponte Vecchio

The Ponte Vecchio translates to "Old Bridge" in English. There were shops and stalls built into it like most major bridges at the time. The Ponte Vecchio has been severely damaged and destroyed a few times by flooding, notably in 1117, 1333 and 1966.
4. Florence experienced a power struggle in the 1200s between the Ghibellines, people who supported the Holy Roman Emperor, and the Guelphs who were supporters of who?

Answer: The Pope

The Guelphs and the Ghibellines did not just war in Florence, but in most other Italian city-states as well, especially in the north located close to the Holy Roman Empire. The Guelphs triumphed over the Ghibellines in 1289 and the Pope had a dominating, but not complete, influence over Florence.

In the next century, the Guelphs split into two factions, those supporting the Pope and those who did not. The Black Guelphs, those in favor of the Pope, won control of Florence and exiled many White Guelph leaders, including poet Dante Alighieri.
5. The de Medici family were a powerful family who dominated Florence for centuries beginning in 1377 when Giovanni de Medici founded his family's bank. What is the name of his oldest child who became the first de Medici to rule Rome politically even though he or she never held a public office?

Answer: Cosimo

Giovanni de Medici was not interested in governmental matters at all and repeatedly refused to take part in civic duties. He preferred the banking industry which paid off when the de Medici Family became the bankers to the Pope. Cosimo de Medici, however, could not wait to gain control.

At the time, Florence had a loose democracy and Cosimo refused to give the appearance that he had political ambitions. However, behind the scenes, he was actively buying votes and manipulating politicians. During their reign, the de Medici family was constantly removed from power and restored to it with the help of various people, usually the reigning Pope.
6. What was Florence's rival city-state that was defeated at the Battle of Marciano in 1551?

Answer: Siena

The Battle of Marciano is also known as the Conquest of Siena. Siena was one of the last city-states in Tuscany not controlled or heavily influenced by Florence. Siena had a smaller army than Florence but were aided by France and political enemies of the de Medicis who had been exiled from Florence. Still, Florence, aided by the Holy Roman Empire and others, were able to decisively defeat Siena.
7. Which musical instrument was invented in Florence by Bartolomeo Cristofori in 1700?

Answer: Fortepiano

The fortepiano is something of a precursor to the grand piano. It was not a very popular instrument at first as it produced an 'unpleasant' sound, was expensive and heavy. The fortepiano did not become popular until Gottfried Silbermann, a German, started working on improvements in the 1730s and 1740s.
8. When Florence became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy in 1865, which city did it replace?

Answer: Turin

Florence was selected as the capital for a number of reasons. It was the center of the arts and trade, which was deemed a plus. Florence was also further away from France and Germany, two countries the Kingdom of Italy had strained relations with, than Turin was.

After it became the capital, many of the old sites such as the Piazza del Mercato Vecchio were torn down and replaced with more modern structures, plazas and buildings.
9. What, according to unproven rumor, is the reason the Germans did NOT destroy the Ponte Vecchio during their retreat from Florence in 1944?

Answer: Hitler said it was too beautiful to destroy.

Nazi Germany had occupied Florence in 1943 and destroyed many of the city's old buildings and monuments. When the British came to liberate Florence in 1944, the Germans blew up many of the bridges to make it more difficult for the British. The Ponte Vecchio was spared allegedly on the orders of Hitler who claimed the bridge was to beautiful to reduce to rubble.

In Florence's town squares the Germans murdered many Italians who resisted them. After the war, the new Italian government rebuilt the bridges that were destroyed from the rubble that remained.
10. On May 27, 1993, members of the Corleonesi mafia family detonated a bomb that killed five people behind which famous Florence museum?

Answer: Uffizi

The attack was apparently in response to a new Italian law that forced imprisoned mafia members into harsher prison conditions. In addition to the five people who were killed, forty-eight people were injured. The Mafia also attacked churches throughout Italy in the summer of 1993 in response to how the Roman Catholic Church was trying to control or destabilize the mafia.

The Uffizi was built in 1581. Each year, about two million visitors come from around the world to view classic works of Italian art including "The Birth of Venus" by Sandro Botticelli and "Madonna and Child with Angel" by Fra Filippo Lippi.
Source: Author Joepetz

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor bloomsby before going online.
Any errors found in FunTrivia content are routinely corrected through our feedback system.
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