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Quiz about The History of Sarajevo
Quiz about The History of Sarajevo

The History of Sarajevo Trivia Quiz


Sarajevo was once the most prominent city in Eastern Europe, but centuries of war and strife have downgraded the city from its once golden splendor. How much do you know about Sarajevo's bloody history?

A multiple-choice quiz by Joepetz. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
Joepetz
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
378,928
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
7 / 10
Plays
321
- -
Question 1 of 10
1. Historians believe that Sarajevo has been inhabited by humans since the Neolithic Age at least 4,500 years ago. People, now called the Butmirs, settled in the present-day Sarajevo neighborhood of the same name likely because of an abundance of what? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. The Illyrians were a group of people who inhabited Sarajevo until they were conquered by which future Roman emperor in the year 9 A.D.? Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. During the 14th and 15th centuries, it is believed that a precursor to the city of Sarajevo was formed under what name? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. After the Ottomans invaded and conquered the city that is now Sarajevo, they destroyed everything in sight and the city remained in ruins for centuries.


Question 5 of 10
5. What part of Sarajevo history can be credited to the Venetian Caterino Zeno when he visited the city in 1550? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. What is the name of the Austrian general who, in 1697, successfully sacked Sarajevo, looted its treasures and burned the city down? Hint


Question 7 of 10
7. What is the nickname of Husein Gradascevic, the man who led an unsuccessful revolt against the Ottomans in the 1831? Hint


Question 8 of 10
8. Perhaps the most famous world event the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg by Gavrilo Princip on June 28, 1914. For what reason was Franz Ferdinand traveling in Sarajevo at that time? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. When Sarajevo, then a city in Yugoslavia, hosted the Winter Olympics in 1984, the mascot of the games was Vucko. Vucko was depicted as what type of animal on skis? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. The Siege of Sarajevo began on April 5, 1992 and nearly four years later with a peace agreement signed in which U.S. city? Hint



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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Historians believe that Sarajevo has been inhabited by humans since the Neolithic Age at least 4,500 years ago. People, now called the Butmirs, settled in the present-day Sarajevo neighborhood of the same name likely because of an abundance of what?

Answer: Flint

The Butmir people are known for their elaborate pottery creations that have remained in intact fairly well. Flint was an important resource for tool building and for starting fires, both of which allowed the Butmir to survive. The Butmir civilization was undiscovered for millennia until 1893.
2. The Illyrians were a group of people who inhabited Sarajevo until they were conquered by which future Roman emperor in the year 9 A.D.?

Answer: Tiberius

Tiberius is considered one of Ancient Rome's best generals. He successfully expanded the Roman Empire geographically. The area where Sarajevo now stands was not built into a large city like what was done elsewhere. However, the Sarajevo suburb of Ilidza was once the site of the colony Aquae Sulphurae.
3. During the 14th and 15th centuries, it is believed that a precursor to the city of Sarajevo was formed under what name?

Answer: Vrhbosna

Not much is known about Vrhbosna and there is some disagreement in its importance in Sarajevo history. Its location for one thing is disputed, but most historians believe it was a small region near the center of the modern city. Vrhbosna flourished as a market town until it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1451.
4. After the Ottomans invaded and conquered the city that is now Sarajevo, they destroyed everything in sight and the city remained in ruins for centuries.

Answer: False

The Ottomans are actually responsible for Sarajevo becoming a large city. They united many of the smaller villages in the vicinity to form a city. They also greatly improved the infrastructure by building improved marketplaces, hotels and a mosque. Sarajevo became the second most important European city of the Ottoman Empire by the middle of the 16th century. Istanbul was the most important.

As a result of the Ottoman Conquest of Sarajevo, the city became majority Muslim.
5. What part of Sarajevo history can be credited to the Venetian Caterino Zeno when he visited the city in 1550?

Answer: He gave it the name Sarajevo

Caterino Zeno was a Venetian traveler and trader. He called the city Saraglio, which is the Italian for Sarajevo. The name Sarajevo loosely means "place around the palace" in Turkish.
6. What is the name of the Austrian general who, in 1697, successfully sacked Sarajevo, looted its treasures and burned the city down?

Answer: Eugene of Savoy

Under the leadership of several Ottoman rulers, most notably Gazi Husrev-beg, Sarajevo became one of the most culturally important cities of its time. However, when Austria led by Eugene of Savoy invaded, it marked the beginning of the end of Sarajevo's Golden Age.

The city's population decreased by more than half and it was never rebuilt to the splendor it once was. The sack of Sarajevo was part of the larger Great Turkish War and followed a devastating Ottoman loss at Zenta.
7. What is the nickname of Husein Gradascevic, the man who led an unsuccessful revolt against the Ottomans in the 1831?

Answer: The Dragon of Bosnia

Gradascevic opposed the alleged totalitarian rule of Ottoman Sultan Muhmad II, who he claimed persecuted Slavic Muslims, many of whom fled to other parts of Europe. He led a revolt with thousands of men, both Muslim and Christian. Although he was able to defeat the Sultan's army, Gradascevic's revolt was unsuccessful because he lost badly in a surprise attack by Herzegovinian forces.

He was exiled to Austria but was allowed to return to the Ottoman Empire where he died in 1834, allegedly poisoned.
8. Perhaps the most famous world event the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg by Gavrilo Princip on June 28, 1914. For what reason was Franz Ferdinand traveling in Sarajevo at that time?

Answer: To open a museum

Austria-Hungary had annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1908, having occupied it since 1878. Franz Ferdinand had traveled to Bosnia to observe Austro-Hungarian military preparations in the event of a war with Serbia. His wife went with him because she allegedly feared for his life. The couple then traveled to Sarajevo to open the state museum after its relocation.

For years prior to 1914, several Serbians had attempted to assassinate Austro-Hungarian officials but were mostly unsuccessful. The assassination of Franz Ferdinand was planned by Danilo Ilic, a member of the Black Hand. The motive was to prevent Austria-Hungary from annexing more Slavic territory, among other political goals. The original plan was to throw bombs at the archduke's motorcade but this failed when several conspirators chickened out and the one bomb that was thrown missed and blew up a different vehicle.

Princip, who had failed to act in the bomb plot, shot Franz Ferdinand later in the motorcade procession when the motorcade took a wrong turning and stopped to back up and correct its mistake. Princip shot and killed the archduke and Sophie, though he later claimed he meant to kill Governor Potiorek, who was driving with the couple, and not the duchess.

He was sentenced to twenty years in prison, as he was too young by one month to receive the death penalty. However, he died three years later from tuberculosis. His body was buried in an unmarked grave to prevent his body from being venerated by Serbs. However, after World War I, it was found and transferred to Saint Mark Cemetery in Sarajevo.
9. When Sarajevo, then a city in Yugoslavia, hosted the Winter Olympics in 1984, the mascot of the games was Vucko. Vucko was depicted as what type of animal on skis?

Answer: Wolf

Vucko had been a symbol of Sarajevo prior to the Olympics. Wolves had symbolized the harsh winters of the city as well as the strength of the Serbian and Yugoslav people of the region. The Olympic mascot version of Vucko was depicted as friendly and smiling, a stark contrast to other variations where Vucko had a more serious and fierce appearance.

These Olympics were the first Winter Olympic Games to take place in a Communist nation.
10. The Siege of Sarajevo began on April 5, 1992 and nearly four years later with a peace agreement signed in which U.S. city?

Answer: Dayton, Ohio

During the break-up of Yugoslavia in the 1990s, Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence from Yugoslavia with Sarajevo as its capital. Ethnic Bosnian Serbs wanted their own state, also with Sarajevo and besieged the city. Overall, over 8,000 soldiers on both sides were killed and over 5,000 civilians also perished. At the time, Sarajevo's population was over 525,000 people. In 2015, the city's population was estimated to be about 350,000, a steep dropped caused by refugees and causalities that had not been replaced.

The Dayton Agreement laid out the territorial changes in the region and set boundaries and conditions of governing rule in the affect regions. One of the signatories was Slobodan Milosevic, Serbian President who would later be removed by NATO forces for war crimes and crimes against humanity in 1999.
Source: Author Joepetz

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor bloomsby before going online.
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