Quiz about South American History Sampler
Quiz about South American History Sampler

South American History Sampler Quiz


Match the South American countries with the historical snippet about each one. Suriname (formerly Dutch Guiana) and Guyana (formerly British Guiana) have been excluded, as has the French overseas department, French Guiana.

A matching quiz by spanishliz. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
spanishliz
Time
4 mins
Type
Match Quiz
Quiz #
384,839
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
7 / 10
Plays
380
Awards
Top 10% Quiz
Last 3 plays: Guest 190 (8/10), Guest 2 (0/10), Guest 188 (2/10).
Mobile instructions: Press on an answer on the right. Then, press on the gray box it matches on the left.
(a) Drag-and-drop from the right to the left, or (b) click on a right side answer box and then on a left side box to move it.
QuestionsChoices
1. (1498) Sighted by Columbus, who described it a "Terrestrial Paradise".   
Brazil
2. (1532) Atahualpa was captured by Spanish forces at the Battle of Cajamarca.  
Argentina
3. (1578) Sir Francis Drake raided the port of Valparaiso.  
Colombia
4. (1726) Its capital city was founded by the Spanish, on the north shore of the Rio de la Plata.   
Peru
5. (1810) As New Granada, declared independence on 20 July 1810.  
Venezuela
6. (1814) "Dictator for life" Jose Gaspar Rodriguez de Francia ruled here, 1814-1840.  
Chile
7. (1822) Declared independence from Portugal.  
Ecuador
8. (1856) Swiss immigrants, and other Europeans, founded the settlement of Esperanza.   
Uruguay
9. (1875) President Gabriel Garcia Moreno was assassinated.  
Bolivia
10. (1904) Lost access to the sea under terms of a peace treaty.  
Paraguay






Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. (1498) Sighted by Columbus, who described it a "Terrestrial Paradise".

Answer: Venezuela

It was during his third voyage that Christopher Columbus wrote of sighting the Orinoco delta, and the shore of what would later become Venezuela whilst sailing in the Gulf of Paria. It would be almost a quarter of a century before Spain colonised that area, beginning in 1522, and almost 300 years before independence was declared in 1811. Bloody wars and destructive earthquakes combined to delay full independence until the 1820s, with the help of Simon Bolivar and his associates.
2. (1532) Atahualpa was captured by Spanish forces at the Battle of Cajamarca.

Answer: Peru

The Inca emperor, Atahualpa, was ambushed at Cajamarca in November 1532, by the forces of Francisco Pizarro, effectively ending the Inca leader's rule of the land that later emerged as Peru. Although fighting was to continue for many years, his empire never regained the upper hand over the Spanish.
3. (1578) Sir Francis Drake raided the port of Valparaiso.

Answer: Chile

During his circumnavigation of the earth, between 1577 and 1580, one of Drake's exploits was to raid Valparaiso and other Spanish ports on the Pacific coast of South America. The bay of Valparaiso had likely been used as a fishing base by the indigenous population, even before the arrival of the Spanish in the 1530s, and while the settlement remained small until the nineteenth century, it then became a major base for the Chilean navy which came into being in 1817.
4. (1726) Its capital city was founded by the Spanish, on the north shore of the Rio de la Plata.

Answer: Uruguay

Montevideo was founded as a base from which the Spanish (on the other side of the river) could deal with Portuguese advances from Brazil, into what was perceived as Spanish territory. In 1828 it became the capital of a newly independent Uruguay, though there were turbulent times to come, including a nine year siege from 1843-51, during a civil war. Montevideo emerged from that as a rather prosperous port city.

International attention came to the city in 1939, when the German pocket battleship Graf Spee took refuge in the harbour after the Battle of the River Plate, and was scuttled rather than leave port and re-engage the British ships awaiting her outside the harbour.
5. (1810) As New Granada, declared independence on 20 July 1810.

Answer: Colombia

Many people in the Spanish-controlled colonies of South America had become unhappy with Spanish rule during the Napoleonic Wars in Europe, especially after Napoleon had installed his brother Joseph on the throne of Spain. A revolt in Quito (now in Ecuador) had been put down, other cities had declared independence and the patriots of New Granada hoped to do the same.

A riot was incited in the main city, Bogota, and eventually the Viceroy was obliged to sign a document which led eventually to independence. Though 20 July is still celebrated as Independence Day in Colombia, it would be another nine years before Simon Bolivar won the Battle of Boyaca, and cemented independence.
6. (1814) "Dictator for life" Jose Gaspar Rodriguez de Francia ruled here, 1814-1840.

Answer: Paraguay

Francia had studied theology and law, and became involved in the events that led to Paraguay becoming independent of Argentina, which was itself in the process of achieving independence from Spain. A democratically elected congress met in September 1813 and set up Francia as 'first consul' of a newly established Paraguayan republic.

He became dictator the next year, and dictator for life in 1816.
7. (1822) Declared independence from Portugal.

Answer: Brazil

The Napoleonic Wars played a part in the history of Brazil, making the city of Rio de Janeiro the de facto centre of the Portuguese Empire, when the royal family fled there from Napoleon's armies. By 1821, when Joao VI left his son Dom Pedro in charge of Brazil, there was no desire to return to colonial status.

In September 1822 Dom Pedro proclaimed independence, and a period of empire followed, lasting until 1889 under Pedro I and his son Pedro II. The First Brazilian Republic was proclaimed in November 1889.
8. (1856) Swiss immigrants, and other Europeans, founded the settlement of Esperanza.

Answer: Argentina

Esperanza, which is Spanish for "hope", was founded in September 1856 by families from Switzerland, Italy, Germany and other European countries, who had arrived there several months earlier to claim land promised to them under an agricultural contract drawn up a few years earlier. The Swiss-Argentine community became the largest community of Swiss descent outside Switzerland.
9. (1875) President Gabriel Garcia Moreno was assassinated.

Answer: Ecuador

Garcia Moreno had already been elected to a third term as Ecuador's president, when he was literally cut down on 6 August 1875 by a group of opponents, including one armed with a machete. His years in office were marked by conservatism and religious zeal, but he did manage to stabilize the economy and encourage foreign investment in the country.

Although the Liberals had hoped to take over after his death, it took another twenty years, a number of presidents and a period of compromise called Progressivism before that end was achieved.
10. (1904) Lost access to the sea under terms of a peace treaty.

Answer: Bolivia

The Treaty of Peace and Friendship between Chile and Bolivia was signed in 1904, but the reasons for it stretched back to the War of the Pacific of 1879-83 during which Bolivia and Peru fought against Chile over the Atacama Desert, guano (a source of fertilizer) and other parcels of land. Chile managed to emerge victorious, and claimed (amongst other things) the Bolivian Litoral department, which gave access to the Pacific.

The 1904 Treaty upheld this claim, which has continued to be felt by landlocked Bolivia into the 21st century.
Source: Author spanishliz

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor bloomsby before going online.
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Feb 01 2023 : Guest 190: 8/10
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