12. This controversial woman, the wife of a president of Argentina, has become a legend. Adored by many in her country, the subject of books, plays and films, she died of cancer at the age of 33.
From Quiz Latin American Heroes
Answer: Eva Peron
Eva Maria Duarte was born into a destitute family in Argentina in 1919. At the age of 16, she went to Buenos Aires, with aspirations of becoming an actress, and found work in radio and films. After several years in Buenos Aires, Eva met Juan Peron, an army officer and high government official. They were married a year later. Peron was elected president of Argentina in 1946. Eva was invaluable to Peron, and took a high profile role in the country's affairs. She was tireless in her efforts to help the disadvantaged, and at the same time advance the career of her husband. Evita, as she became known to everyone, provided housing, medical care, financial aid and education for Argentina's poor, and she was enormously popular with them. But not everyone was fond of Eva, particularly the rich and the military. In 1951, she was found to have cancer, but wouldn't allow doctors to perform the surgery that might have saved her life. It is said that she felt it was more important to continue her work for the poor. Eva Peron died in 1952.