Quiz about Bolivar  The Other Great American Revolutionary
Quiz about Bolivar  The Other Great American Revolutionary

Bolivar: The Other Great American Revolutionary Quiz


While George Washington is well known as one of the greatest revolutionary generals ever, Simon Bolivar freed almost an entire continent from Spain. This quiz focuses on topics related to his personal history, campaigns, and politics.

A multiple-choice quiz by confuszius. Estimated time: 7 mins.
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Author
confuszius
Time
7 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
270,930
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Tough
Avg Score
5 / 10
Plays
731
Awards
Top 35% Quiz
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. Which of the following countries did Bolivar NOT directly contribute to freeing from Spanish control? Hint

Ecuador
Venezuela
Paraguay
Peru

2. Bolivar's ideas as a child were very liberal for the times, even though he was the son of a very rich, conservative ranching man. So, who is credited with teaching Bolivar these liberal ideas? Hint

A somewhat eccentric tutor named Simon Rodriguez
Don Jose Maria, leader of a failed republican revolution
His substitute mother, the slave "Mama Hipolita"
General Francisco Miranda, who had fought in both the American and French Revolutions

3. In 1802, Bolivar married his one true love, Maria Teresa, whom he met in Europe. Who was she? Hint

The fifth daughter of Maria Luisa, the daughter of King Charles IV
A court attendant he met through his uncle, Esteban
The daughter of Bolivar's uncle, the Marques del Toro
A very young prostitute with whom he was dared to become engaged

4. On July 5th, 1811 (one day later than intended) Venezuela became the first Spanish possession to declare its independence. What prevented Venezuela from maintaining its independence at the time? Hint

A serious small pox epidemic, which crippled the city, and caused all the nobles to flee
An earthquake which threw Caracas into chaos, allowing the Spanish Royalists to regain control
A second wave of Spanish soldiers that had been held up in Jamaica by a hurricane
Infighting amongst the new politicians, which led to a duel in which the popular leader, Francisco de Paula Santander, was killed

5. From Colombia, in command of a small army, Bolivar began his "Admirable Campaign", in which he initially freed Mompox, a river city, and then moved on to regain Caracas. He struggled in skirmishes and battles with Royalists and outlaws, who were led by the villainous Jose Tomas Boves, until he was defeated again in 1815. He fled once more. This time he ultimately ended up in the only other independent country in the Americas at the time besides the U.S.A.. What country was this? Hint

Jamaica
Haiti
Cuba
Guyana

6. According to historical legend, how did Bolivar's enemy, Jose Tomas Boves die? Hint

One of his mistresses poisoned him after she had been beaten one night
Bolivar himself sighted him from afar on the battlefield and hit him with a dead shot to the head
A woman he raped gave him a horse which 'froze' in battle causing him to be run down by the enemy
At the start of a battle he shot into the air and rode forward. The same bullet fell back to earth and struck him in the head and killed him

7. After establishing Angostura as the "new" capital of Venezuela, enlarging his army with British soldiers, and fighting several skirmishes, Bolivar made a supreme tactical decision which eventually led to his most decisive victories. What was that decision? Hint

To sail to Panama and attack the Spanish from the rear
To attack the silver mines directly so he could fund his war
To ally with the natives of Brazil and freed slaves to create a large enough army to defeat the Spanish
To cross the Andes and make a surprise attack on the Spanish in Colombia

8. In 1820, after finding out that there would be no new reinformcements sent from Spain, the Spanish General Morillo was forced to sign an armistice with Bolivar and Gran Colombia was recognized officially as a soveriegn state. Bolivar still had to free Venezuela from the Spanish army and had plans to move on to Ecuador and Peru, so he left behind one of his great generals to govern. Who was it? Hint

Lieutenant Daniel O'Leary, a young British war veteran who he thought was neutral
General Francisco de Paula Santander, lawyer turned soldier
General San Martin, known for liberating Chile
General Antonio Paez, who helped Bolivar cross the Andes

9. On December 17, 1830, Bolivar finally submitted to the tuberculosis that had plagued him all his life. What was his standing with the confederacy of Gran Colombia at the time of his death? Hint

He was leading a revolution against the newly formed government which he had helped create
He was the dictator of the entire region
He was exiled as a threat to the peace
He was the president elect of the first constitutional government

10. While freeing almost all of South America from the Spanish, Bolivar would only allow one title to be attached to his name. What was the title? Hint

The Liberator
The Conquerer
El Jefe
El Senor


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Which of the following countries did Bolivar NOT directly contribute to freeing from Spanish control?

Answer: Paraguay

Panama, Colombia, and Bolivia also can trace their independence movements to Bolivar's cause.
2. Bolivar's ideas as a child were very liberal for the times, even though he was the son of a very rich, conservative ranching man. So, who is credited with teaching Bolivar these liberal ideas?

Answer: A somewhat eccentric tutor named Simon Rodriguez

Simon Bolivar was fond of his tutor throughout his life, often seeking him out during times of uncertainty or need. In Venezuela, young Bolivar is reported to have had his first sexual encounter with his tutor's fifteen-year-old wife. They met up again in Europe, traveled together, and in Rome, Rodriguez witnessed Bolivar's oath to free Venezuela from Spanish rule. Later, Bolivar made Rodriguez Director of Public Education for Bolivia.

Bolivar loved "Mama Hipolita" dearly, and she is the only non-family member to be buried in the Bolivar family crypt.

Bolivar met Don Jose Maria, but thought that he was lacking the experience and courage to lead a successful rebellion. Bolivar was right, Maria was hanged on May 8, 1799 for a failed attempt of rebellion.

Francisco Miranda was a 61-year-old man when Bolivar met him in England, and although they formed a bond and became involved in politics together, Bolivar had already been inculcated with his liberal ideas before they met.
3. In 1802, Bolivar married his one true love, Maria Teresa, whom he met in Europe. Who was she?

Answer: The daughter of Bolivar's uncle, the Marques del Toro

Maria Teresa, his cousin, died of yellow fever after Bolivar and she went back to Venezuela to claim his inheritance. He swore never to marry again, and like his other solemn vow - to free Venezuela - it was a promise he kept. He later had many mistresses, some very important to his life, but none that he married.
4. On July 5th, 1811 (one day later than intended) Venezuela became the first Spanish possession to declare its independence. What prevented Venezuela from maintaining its independence at the time?

Answer: An earthquake which threw Caracas into chaos, allowing the Spanish Royalists to regain control

After Spanish Royalists retook the weakened Caracas, Francisco Miranda, who was the leader of the short lived First Republic of Venezuela, fled before he signed the surrender documents. Due to his cowardice, the Venezuelan patriots turned him over to the Spaniards and he spent the rest of his life in a Spanish prison.

Bolivar fled to Colombia and issued his famous Cartagena Manifesto, which called for a re-conquest of Venezuela and the institution of a stronger government, an administration that could handle a disaster like the earthquake.
5. From Colombia, in command of a small army, Bolivar began his "Admirable Campaign", in which he initially freed Mompox, a river city, and then moved on to regain Caracas. He struggled in skirmishes and battles with Royalists and outlaws, who were led by the villainous Jose Tomas Boves, until he was defeated again in 1815. He fled once more. This time he ultimately ended up in the only other independent country in the Americas at the time besides the U.S.A.. What country was this?

Answer: Haiti

En route to Haiti, Bolivar had stopped in Jamaica, but soon left after a failed assassination attempt.

In Haiti, Bolivar procured arms and ammunition from Alexandre Petion, president of Haiti. In exchange, Bolivar agreed to support the abolitionist cause and free slaves whenever possible.
6. According to historical legend, how did Bolivar's enemy, Jose Tomas Boves die?

Answer: A woman he raped gave him a horse which 'froze' in battle causing him to be run down by the enemy

According to the story, a widow named Dona Mercedes was warned that Boves was in the area, but refused to flee, as she was a royalist, the same as he. When he arrived at her house, she welcomed him. Immediately he told her of his intentions to have her. To stall his unwelcome advances, she thought to present him with a gift, a beautiful war horse named Paco.

In spite of this generous gift, he raped her. She had her revenge, though, because during the horse's training, she saw that the horse always froze at the sound of gun fire.

When she gave him the horse she suspected that it would lead to his demise in battle.
7. After establishing Angostura as the "new" capital of Venezuela, enlarging his army with British soldiers, and fighting several skirmishes, Bolivar made a supreme tactical decision which eventually led to his most decisive victories. What was that decision?

Answer: To cross the Andes and make a surprise attack on the Spanish in Colombia

Bolivar marched through the Andes with 3,000 under equipped men in June. He lost 1,000 men, all the horses, and many supplies. After the crossing, the army regrouped and was able to surprise the Spanish at Vargas and move on to Boyaca to deliver a crushing blow to the Spanish. Bolivar liberated Colombia completely thanks to his decision to cross the Andes.
8. In 1820, after finding out that there would be no new reinformcements sent from Spain, the Spanish General Morillo was forced to sign an armistice with Bolivar and Gran Colombia was recognized officially as a soveriegn state. Bolivar still had to free Venezuela from the Spanish army and had plans to move on to Ecuador and Peru, so he left behind one of his great generals to govern. Who was it?

Answer: General Francisco de Paula Santander, lawyer turned soldier

Santander began to build his own reputation and ruled as Vice-President, but aspired to replace Bolivar. He sowed seeds of mistrust against the "tyrant" Bolivar and was involved in a plot to kill him. After years of exile and long Bolivar's death, he was invited back to be president of Colombia and served two noteworthy terms.

O'Leary remained faithful to Bolivar throughout his life, wrote his memoirs about his time with Bolivar, and is laid to rest in the same "Pantheon of Heroes" as Bolivar.

San Martin did liberate Chile, but he met Bolivar only once and Bolivar blew him off. Historians say that Bolivar wanted sole credit for freeing Peru and the last colony of South America.

Antonio Paez did later separate from Bolivar and declared Venezuela independent from the Gran Colombia. Bolivar rode out and subdued him, and thus he was never a great rival during Bolivar's lifetime.
9. On December 17, 1830, Bolivar finally submitted to the tuberculosis that had plagued him all his life. What was his standing with the confederacy of Gran Colombia at the time of his death?

Answer: He was exiled as a threat to the peace

Simon Bolivar always campaigned for independence and democracy, but in the end it was the Congress that voted that he had to leave the capital because he constituted a threat to the peace.
10. While freeing almost all of South America from the Spanish, Bolivar would only allow one title to be attached to his name. What was the title?

Answer: The Liberator

Bolivar was truly the Liberator, as he freed almost all of South America from Spanish rule. He could have made himself dictator, but he tried to establish democratic rule based on his ideals. It was this unwillingness to truly establish himself as a politician that led to his being rejected by the very government he helped to establish.

It wasn't until 1842, 12 years after his death, that he was recognized as a genius and all his glory was restored to him. To this day, he is highly venerated throughout South America and is one of a few men who has a country named after him.
Source: Author confuszius

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