Quiz about Booker T Washington
Quiz about Booker T Washington

Booker T. Washington Trivia Quiz


Test your knowledge of this 19th - 20th century African-American author and educator.

A multiple-choice quiz by skylarb. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
skylarb
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
402,521
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
7 / 10
Plays
323
Awards
Top 20% Quiz
Last 3 plays: Guest 111 (2/10), Guest 76 (4/10), Guest 168 (6/10).
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. What does the T. stand for in Booker T. Washington? Hint

Terrence
Tenacious
Thomas
Taliaferro

2. Booker T. Washington was a proponent of African-American businesses and a founder of what institution? Hint

Chamber of Commerce
National Negro Business League
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Better Bureau

3. What is the title of Booker T. Washington's second, and most famous, autobiography? Hint

Souls of Black Folks
Up from Slavery
Song of Solomon
Roots

4. Booker T. Washington believed that people were defined by their circumstances.

True
False

5. Booker T. Washington argued that African-Americans would eventually gain acceptance and full participation in society by doing what? Hint

Being good citizens and providing needed skills
Pointing out racism and injustice wherever it may be found
Engaging in open political activism to overturn Jim Crow laws
Making the public highly aware of the hardships of African-Americans

6. What school, later to become a historical black university, did Booker T. Washington lead his students to build with their own hands? Hint

Tuskegee
Hampton
Howard
Spelman

7. "No race can prosper," Booker T. Washington wrote, "until it learns that there is as much dignity in tilling a field as in _______". Hint

Speaking proper English
Ruling a kingdom
Writing a poem
Being rich

8. How many times was Booker T. Washington married? Hint

He never married
One
Three
Two

9. Who invited Booker T. Washington to dine with him at the White House in 1901? Hint

Theodore Roosevelt
Abraham Lincoln
Woodrow Wilson
William McKinley

10. What Civil Rights leader and contemporary of Booker T. Washington strongly criticized his approach, saying: "Mr. Washington distinctly asks that black people give up, at least for the present, three things - First, political power; Second, insistence on civil rights; Third, higher education of Negro youth"? Hint

Frederick Douglass
Eugene Debs
W.E.B. Du Bois
Medgar Evers


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. What does the T. stand for in Booker T. Washington?

Answer: Taliaferro

Booker Taliaferro was born into slavery on the plantation of James Burroughs in 1856 in Hale's Ford, Virginia. It is not known who his father was. He was nine when the Emancipation proclamation was issued. His mother then took him to West Virginia to rejoin her husband, an escaped slave, whose name of "Washington" Booker took.
2. Booker T. Washington was a proponent of African-American businesses and a founder of what institution?

Answer: National Negro Business League

Founded in Boston in 1900, the league changed its name to the National Business League in 1960 and reincorporated in the nation's capital. Booker founded the league to promote both the financial and commercial development of African-Americans who were fighting discrimination in the decades following the Civil War. Andrew Carnegie helped to support the establishment of the league.
3. What is the title of Booker T. Washington's second, and most famous, autobiography?

Answer: Up from Slavery

His first autobiography, "The Story of My Life and Work" was published in 1900. "Up from Slavery" was published in 1901, after being serialized in "The Outlook." In the book, Washington describes his efforts to achieve success despite his oppressive background.

He details his education and work establishing schools to help disadvantaged minorities. "Up from Slavery" was the best-selling African-American autobiography until Alex Haley published "The Autobiography of Malcolm X as told to Alex Haley" in 1965.
4. Booker T. Washington believed that people were defined by their circumstances.

Answer: False

In "Up from Slavery," he wrote, "Character, not circumstance, makes the person." He wrote also, "I have begun everything with the idea that I could succeed, and I never had much patience with the multitudes of people who are always ready to explain why one cannot succeed."
5. Booker T. Washington argued that African-Americans would eventually gain acceptance and full participation in society by doing what?

Answer: Being good citizens and providing needed skills

Washington believed that the way to achieving acceptance in white society was for African-Americans to be reliable, responsible, and productive citizens. He advocated a slow approach to Civil Rights to avoid backlash from whites and rejected the idea that African-Americans should focus on the grievances they had experienced. In "Up from Slavery," he criticized "another class of coloured people who make a business of keeping the troubles, the wrongs, and the hardships of the Negro race before the public. Having learned that they are able to make a living out of their troubles, they have grown into the settled habit of advertising their wrongs."

He argued that his people would gain more supporters and converts by focusing on the good rather than on the bad: "I early learned that it is a hard matter to convert an individual by abusing him, and that this is more often accomplished by giving credit for all the praiseworthy actions performed than by calling attention alone to all the evil done."

This is not to say Washington had no involvement in politics. He cultivated political connections and lobbied governments to support education for African-Americans. He was also able to secure the support of many rich white philanthropists, who helped fund his educational projects. But his focus was on "racial uplift" through entrepreneurship and education instead of on directly challenging disenfranchisement of African-American voters or the Jim Crow segregation of the South.
6. What school, later to become a historical black university, did Booker T. Washington lead his students to build with their own hands?

Answer: Tuskegee

Washington attended Hampton Institute. In 1881, at the age of 25, he was recommended to serve at Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, which would eventually become Tuskegee University. In 1882, Washington bought a former plantation to create a permanent home for the school, and his students physically built the school themselves.

He lead the school for over three decades, and his final resting place is at the cemetery at Tuskegee University.
7. "No race can prosper," Booker T. Washington wrote, "until it learns that there is as much dignity in tilling a field as in _______".

Answer: Writing a poem

Washington wrote this in "Up from Slavery." Though a well-educated intellectual himself, at Tuskegee and throughout his life, he emphasized the importance of African-Americans obtaining marketable skills so that they could pull themselves up from impoverished circumstances. "Excellence," he wrote, "is to do a common thing in an uncommon way."
8. How many times was Booker T. Washington married?

Answer: Three

Booker T. Washington's first wife was Fannie N. Smith, whom he married in 1882. She was from the same west Virginia town he moved to at the age of nine, and he met her when she was a student at Malden school, where he taught. She died two years after they were married. Next, in 1885, he married Olivia A. Davidson, who worked as a teacher at Tuskegee. Washington made her vice-principal of the school.

In 1893, once again a widower, Booker married Margaret James Murray. His third wife outlived him.
9. Who invited Booker T. Washington to dine with him at the White House in 1901?

Answer: Theodore Roosevelt

The invitation was extended by the Republican President Theodore Roosevelt in October of 1901 and was the first time an African-American was publicly invited on equal terms by a sitting president. Roosevelt's invitation was viciously criticized by Southern Democratic Party leaders.
10. What Civil Rights leader and contemporary of Booker T. Washington strongly criticized his approach, saying: "Mr. Washington distinctly asks that black people give up, at least for the present, three things - First, political power; Second, insistence on civil rights; Third, higher education of Negro youth"?

Answer: W.E.B. Du Bois

Washington received strong criticism from other black Civil Rights leaders, including W.E.B. Du Bois, for what they saw as his policy of racial accommodation. In 1895, Washington worked out what was called "the Atlanta compromise" between African-American leaders and Southern white leaders. Essentially, the unwritten compromise was that African-Americans in the South would submit to white political rule and refrain from demanding integration provided the Southern whites guaranteed them a basic education and due process.

Although W. E. B. Du Bois supported the compromise at first, he later rejected it. Du Bois wrote, "As a result of this tender of the palm-branch, what has been the return? In these years there have occurred: 1. The disfranchisement of the Negro. 2. The legal creation of a distinct status of civil inferiority for the Negro. 3. The steady withdrawal of aid from institutions for the higher training of the Negro."
Source: Author skylarb

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