Quiz about 25 Details About the Life of Peter  A to Z
Quiz about 25 Details About the Life of Peter  A to Z

25 Details About the Life of Peter -- 'A' to 'Z' Quiz


This quiz takes a 25-question alphabetical look at the life of Peter, one of the original Twelve Disciples. The letters 'X' and 'Y' are combined for one question. (The KJV, NKJV and the NIV were used for this quiz.)

A multiple-choice quiz by Cowrofl. Estimated time: 7 mins.
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Author
Cowrofl
Time
7 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
375,717
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
25
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
18 / 25
Plays
363
Awards
Top 35% Quiz
Last 3 plays: Rumpo (22/25), DCW2 (25/25), Guest 69 (22/25).
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. The letter 'A'. Peter had a brother who also served as one of the Twelve Disciples of Jesus. What was his name? (John 6:8) Hint

Andrew
Aaron
Adonijah
Amalek

2. The letter 'B'. Peter came from a fishing community on the shore of the Sea of Galilee. What was its name?
Hint

Bethsaida
Beersheba
Bethany
Bethel

3. The letter 'C' is for 'Cornelius'. Practically all of Acts 10 is devoted to telling the account of an interaction between Peter and Cornelius. Who was Cornelius?

Hint

A metalworker who was strongly opposed to Christianity.
A paralyzed man who was miraculously healed by Peter.
A notorious guard at a prison where Peter was incarcerated.
A centurion who was a believer in a resurrected Jesus Christ.

4. The letter 'D'. A woman who was known by Tabitha was raised from the dead by Peter, as per Acts 9:36-43. What other name that starts with the letter 'D' did Tabitha go by? Hint

Diana
Drusilla
Dinah
Dorcas

5. The letter 'E' is for 'Epistles'. How many epistles is Peter credited with writing in the New Testament? Hint

3
1
4
2

6. The letter 'F' is for 'Feet'. Scripture tells of Jesus washing His disciples' feet with Peter wanting no part of the exercise. After Christ explained the washing of the feet as necessary, Peter responded by telling Jesus to wash his entire body. Where did the incident take place? Hint

On Mount Transfiguration
The Last Supper in Jerusalem
On the shore of the Sea of Galilee
In an upper room in Jericho

7. The letter 'G' is for 'God' as in 'Son of God'. Peter was one of the first disciples to proclaim Jesus as the Son of God. Where was Peter when he made the famous proclamation? (Matthew 16:13-19)
Hint

At Christ's hearing before Pilate
During a storm on the Sea of Galilee
At an undisclosed location in Caesarea Philippi
When water was turned into wine in Cana

8. The letter 'H' is for 'Head' as in 'Head of the Disciples'. Acts 1:15-26 tells of an event in which, in the mind of many theologians, Peter officially became the head of the disciples. What was the event when Peter first led the way for the other disciples? Hint

The healing of a crippled man
Selection of Matthias as Judas' replacement
The raising a woman from the dead
Having a one-on-one meeting with Paul

9. The letter 'I' is for 'Imprisoned'. Acts 12:3-19 tells of Peter being imprisoned only to escape to freedom. According to Scripture, how did he make his escape? Hint

An angel set him free.
A guard felt sorry for Peter and set him free.
An earthquake opened the prison doors.
His brother Andrew bribed a guard to set Peter free.

10. The letter 'J' is for 'Judas Iscariot'. Peter and Judas Iscariot were often at loggerheads and sometimes bitter adversaries, according to Scripture -- especially going by John 11:25.

True
False

11. The letter 'K' is for 'Kill' as in 'Rise Peter kill and eat' as per Acts 10:13. In Peter's vision in which he heard a voice telling him to "rise...kill and eat" he became convinced God wanted him to evangelize Gentiles as well as Jews.

True
False

12. The letter 'L' is for 'Lame' as in 'Lame Man Healed'. Acts 3:1-10 tells of Peter and another one of the Twelve Disciples healing a crippled man outside the Beautiful Gate. Who was the other disciple who was with Peter at the time? Hint

Thomas
James
Andrew
John

13. The letter 'M'. What was the name of the servant whose ear Peter cut off with a sword in the Garden of Gethsemane?

Hint

Malchus
Malachi
Machir
Megiddon

14. The letter 'N' is for 'Nickname'. What was the nickname Jesus gave Peter, as per John 1:42? Hint

Zebedee
Boanerges
Cephas
Didymus

15. The letter 'O' is for 'Out of the Ordinary'. Scripture tells of Peter walking on water but what brought about his failure? (Matthew 14:31) Hint

He tried to do a somersault
His steps were too heavy
Lack of faith
He flailed his arms too much

16. The letter 'P' is for 'Pope'. The Catholic Church regards Peter as the first pope.

True
False

17. The letter 'Q' is for 'Quartus'. Peter and Quartus labored together for a number of years in the early church and in 2 Peter 1:16-18, Peter extends greetings to his "dear brother in Christ."

True
False

18. The letter 'R' is for 'Rooster'. Prior to the crucifixion, how many times did Peter deny knowing Christ resulting in a rooster crowing? Hint

1
4
2
3

19. The letter 'S' is for 'Servant Girl'. What was the name of the servant girl who left Peter frantically knocking at the door after he had miraculously escaped from prison? (Acts 12:12-16) Hint

Rhoda
Abana
Mahlah
Terah

20. The letter 'T' is for 'Transfiguration'. Peter was one of the participants on Mount Transfiguration. Who were the two other disciples and prophets from yesteryear who were also on the Mountain with Jesus? (Matthew 17:1-8) Hint

Andrew, John, Moses, Elijah
John, Matthew, Moses, Isaiah
Thomas, Judas, Daniel, Ezekiel
James, John, Moses, Elijah

21. The letter 'U' is for 'Upside Down'. Tradition holds that when Peter was crucified he requested to be crucified upside down.

True
False

22. The letter 'V'. What word that starts with the letter 'V' best describes Peter after he denied his Savior and Christ was buried in a tomb? Hint

Verbose
Victorious
Vanquished
Vindicated

23. The letter 'W' is for 'Wife'. How do we know that Peter was married? Hint

Scripture says Jesus healed his mother-in-law.
Scripture says she was at the crucifixion scene.
Scripture says she accompanied Peter to meet Paul.
Scripture says she was a friend of Mary Magdalene.

24. The letters 'X' and 'Y' is for 'Younger'. The word 'younger' appears in 1 Peter 5:5: "Likewise you younger people, submit yourselves to your elders. Yes, all of you be submissive to one another, and be clothed with humility, for 'God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble'." The last part of the verse is Peter quoting Old Testament Scripture. Where would one find the passage 'God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble'? Hint

Proverbs 3:34
Isaiah 67:29
Psalm 21:17
Amos 15:11

25. The letter 'Z' is for 'Zion'. There are only seven references to Zion in the New Testament while in the Old Testament there are 169 references. Nevertheless, Peter uses the term 'Zion' in 1 Peter 2:6 to help drive home the point Jesus is the promised Messiah.

True
False


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. The letter 'A'. Peter had a brother who also served as one of the Twelve Disciples of Jesus. What was his name? (John 6:8)

Answer: Andrew

Andrew, of course, is the correct answer. Although they were brothers, Scripture gives the impression Peter and Andrew were almost direct opposites. Peter was brash and bold while Andrew was quiet and reserved. Peter's name is mentioned ninety-six times in the four Gospels with only Jesus' name appearing more often. Meanwhile, Andrew's name appears only fourteen times.

In other words, if Peter was a five-star restaurant in Paris, Andrew would be a roadside diner in small-town Saskatchewan.
2. The letter 'B'. Peter came from a fishing community on the shore of the Sea of Galilee. What was its name?

Answer: Bethsaida

Peter came from Bethsaida, the same community as his brother Andrew and Philip, another member of the Twelve Disciples. According to Wikipedia, Bethsaida means 'house of fishing'. There is no smoking gun, but some theologians believe James and John also came from Bethsaida. According to Mark 8:22-26, Jesus restored the sight of a blind man at Bethsaida.
3. The letter 'C' is for 'Cornelius'. Practically all of Acts 10 is devoted to telling the account of an interaction between Peter and Cornelius. Who was Cornelius?

Answer: A centurion who was a believer in a resurrected Jesus Christ.

Cornelius was a centurion who was a believer in a resurrected Jesus Christ, making him one of the very first Gentile members of the early church. His story is told in the tenth chapter of Acts. According to Scripture, Cornelius was a centurion in what was known as the Italian Regiment. Although centurions were the elite of a ruthless Roman killing machine, they are portrayed in a remarkably good light in the New Testament.

According to Scripture, Cornelius saw an angel who told him to get the disciple Peter. Incidentally, verses 9 to 16 tell of Peter also having a vision at noon the following day. After having his vision, Cornelius sent two of his servants and a soldier to Joppa to get Peter to visit him.

When Peter arrived at Cornelius' house, he stated that the doors of salvation had been opened to the Gentiles.

In Acts 10:34, Peter states, "I now realize how true it is that God does not show favoritism but accepts men from every nation who fear him and do what is right." In other words, this was a major turning point in the early Christian church: the first acceptance of Gentiles as believers. Up to this point, the only non-Jewish believers were Samaritans, who were half Jewish. And, of course, there was the conversion of the Ethiopian eunuch, as recorded in Acts 8:26-40.

Scripture goes on to tell of Peter ordering the people at Cornelius' house be baptized in the name of Jesus. In other words, he was absolutely convinced the teachings of Jesus should be preached to the Gentiles. In Acts 11:1-18, Peter had to defend his actions before other church leaders in Jerusalem, but after hearing all the facts, they too became convinced the Gospel message should be preached to Gentiles.

Peter was asked by the people at Cornelius' house to stay a few days. It's apparent a bond of friendship had developed between the non-Jewish believers and Peter.
4. The letter 'D'. A woman who was known by Tabitha was raised from the dead by Peter, as per Acts 9:36-43. What other name that starts with the letter 'D' did Tabitha go by?

Answer: Dorcas

Dorcas, who was also known as Tabitha, is the correct answer. According to Acts 9:36-42, she was raised from the dead by Peter. She lived in Joppa. The community is now known as Jaffa and is part of Tel Aviv, on the Mediterranean Sea. Scripture states Dorcas/Tabitha was "always doing good and helping the poor." In different places in the Bible, helping the poor is pointed out as a strong virtue. In Acts 10:2, for example, Cornelius, a Roman centurion who was also a Christian believer, is described as "giving generously" to those in need.

According to Scripture, after Peter raised the woman from the dead the miracle became known all over Joppa, and many people believed in the Lord. The story of Dorcas being raised from the dead is only one of several incidents in which Peter performed miracles in Acts. For example, in Acts 9:32-25, just before the report about Dorcas, Scripture tells of Peter healing Aeneas, a paralytic who had been bedridden for eight years.
5. The letter 'E' is for 'Epistles'. How many epistles is Peter credited with writing in the New Testament?

Answer: 2

Peter is credited with writing two epistles. They are appropriately titled 1 Peter and 2 Peter.

According to notes in the NKJV Study Bible, 1 Peter was addressed to Christians of Asia Minor (present-day Turkey) "to remind them why suffering occurs and to remind them of their eternal reward at the end of this earthly life."

The notes state 2 Peter was written by Peter to expose "those who were peddling their own propaganda and falsehoods that contradicted the truth. Peter had to say something; he had to confront these falsehoods so they would not be mistaken for the truth."
6. The letter 'F' is for 'Feet'. Scripture tells of Jesus washing His disciples' feet with Peter wanting no part of the exercise. After Christ explained the washing of the feet as necessary, Peter responded by telling Jesus to wash his entire body. Where did the incident take place?

Answer: The Last Supper in Jerusalem

The incident took place during the Last Supper and is documented in the thirteenth chapter of the Gospel of John. The passages tells of Jesus pouring water into a basin and preparing to wash the feet of the Twelve Disciples. When Christ started washing the disciples' feet, Scripture reports Peter was adamantly opposed. In John 13:8, Jesus responded by telling Peter that "unless I wash you, you have no part with Me." When Jesus made this statement, Peter replied in Verse 9, by saying: "Then Lord, not just my feet but my hands and my head as well!"

Verses 10-11 go on to quote Jesus' reply to Peter: "'He who is bathed needs only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; and you are clean, but not all of you'. For He knew who would betray Him; therefore He said, 'You are not all clean'."
7. The letter 'G' is for 'God' as in 'Son of God'. Peter was one of the first disciples to proclaim Jesus as the Son of God. Where was Peter when he made the famous proclamation? (Matthew 16:13-19)

Answer: At an undisclosed location in Caesarea Philippi

Peter made the statement Jesus is the Son of God in Caesarea Philippi, according to Scripture. However, no details are given about the exact location. Only Nathanael, also known as Bartholomew, had made such a declaration among the disciples up to that point in time.

Here's how Matthew 16:13-19 reads in the NKJV:
"When Jesus came into the region of Caesarea Philippi, He asked His disciples, saying, 'Who do men say that I, the Son of Man, am?'

"So they said, 'Some say John the Baptist, some Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.'

"He said to them, 'But who do you say that I am?'

"Simon Peter answered and said, 'You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.'

"Jesus answered and said to him, 'Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven. And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it. And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.'

"Then He commanded His disciples that they should tell no one that He was Jesus the Christ."

In John 1:49, Nathanael makes a similar declaration about Jesus. He is quoted as saying: "Rabbi, You are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!"
8. The letter 'H' is for 'Head' as in 'Head of the Disciples'. Acts 1:15-26 tells of an event in which, in the mind of many theologians, Peter officially became the head of the disciples. What was the event when Peter first led the way for the other disciples?

Answer: Selection of Matthias as Judas' replacement

Many theologians believe Peter officially became the leader of the disciples on the day Matthias was chosen to replace Judas Iscariot. Yes, when Christ was on the earth, Peter was the so-called shop foreman of the disciples, but he wasn't providing effective leadership. He was always acting on impulse, doing things without thinking. With the selection of Matthias, the world was seeing a vastly different Peter. He was now becoming the 'rock' of the disciples, not a wild scatterbrain.

Here's how Acts 1:15-26, in the NKJV, tells of Peter assuming the role of leadership:

"And in those days Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples (altogether the number of names was about a hundred and twenty), and said, 'Men and brethren, this Scripture had to be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit spoke before by the mouth of David concerning Judas, who became a guide to those who arrested Jesus; for he was numbered with us and obtained a part in this ministry.' (Now this man purchased a field with the wages of iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst open in the middle and all his entrails gushed out. And it became known to all those dwelling in Jerusalem; so that field is called in their own language, Akel Dama, that is, Field of Blood.)

"For it is written in the Book of Psalms:

'Let his dwelling place be desolate,
And let no one live in it';
and,
'Let another take his office.'

"Therefore, of these men who have accompanied us all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us, beginning from the baptism of John to that day when He was taken up from us, one of these must become a witness with us of His resurrection.'

"And they proposed two: Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias. And they prayed and said, 'You, O Lord, who know the hearts of all, show which of these two You have chosen to take part in this ministry and apostleship from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place.' And they cast their lots, and the lot fell on Matthias. And he was numbered with the eleven apostles."

The second chapter of Acts goes on to tell of Peter being the main speaker at Pentecost.

The healing of a crippled man as well as the raising of a woman from the dead, two of the possible answers, took place after the selection of Matthias. In other words, he was already the leader of the disciples.
9. The letter 'I' is for 'Imprisoned'. Acts 12:3-19 tells of Peter being imprisoned only to escape to freedom. According to Scripture, how did he make his escape?

Answer: An angel set him free.

According to Scripture, Peter was set free from prison by an angel.

It's a remarkable story told in Acts 12:3-19. According to Verse 4, four squads of four soldiers were assigned to watch guard over Peter for each of the four watches during the night. It's abundantly apparent Herod wasn't taking any chances and was doing everything possible to prevent an escape by Peter.

The night before Herod was to bring him to trial, Peter was sleeping between two soldiers, bound with two chains. Then, an angel of the Lord appeared. Acts 12:6-7, in the NKJV Bible, states: "And when Herod was about to bring him out, that night Peter was sleeping, bound with two chains between two soldiers; and the guards before the door were keeping the prison. Now behold, an angel of the Lord stood by him, and a light shone in the prison; and he struck Peter on the side and raised him up, saying, 'Arise quickly!' And his chains fell off his hands."

Peter was then guided out of the prison by the angel. When Peter made his escape from prison, he headed to the house of Mary, the mother of John, also called Mark.

Verse 12 states "many" had gathered at the house and were praying for Peter's release. Notes in the NIV Study Bible state Mary was the aunt of Barnabas. "Apparently her home was a gathering place for Christians," the notes state. "It may have been the location of the upper room where the Last Supper was held... and the place of prayer in Acts 4:31."

This was actually Peter's second jailbreak. The first one is reported in Acts 5:17-29. The fifth chapter of Acts tells of Peter being jailed with other apostles for preaching the news of a resurrected Jesus Christ. However, an angel of the Lord opened the prison doors, enabling Peter and the other apostles to escape. As per instructions from the angel, the jail-breakers went back to the temple and continued to preach the Gospel message.
10. The letter 'J' is for 'Judas Iscariot'. Peter and Judas Iscariot were often at loggerheads and sometimes bitter adversaries, according to Scripture -- especially going by John 11:25.

Answer: False

It's one of those cases where it is possible Peter and Judas were at logger heads, but there is nothing specific in Scripture to confirm this. There is a suggestion in the Gospel of John the other disciples did not like Judas. But going by what is printed in Scripture, the answer to this question has to be false.

John 11:25, by the way, contains Christ's famous declaration: "I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me, though he may die, he shall live." The declaration was made immediately before Christ raised Lazarus from the dead in Bethany.
11. The letter 'K' is for 'Kill' as in 'Rise Peter kill and eat' as per Acts 10:13. In Peter's vision in which he heard a voice telling him to "rise...kill and eat" he became convinced God wanted him to evangelize Gentiles as well as Jews.

Answer: True

True. Peter's vision in which he hears a voice telling him to "rise...kill and eat" convinced him the Gentiles must hear the Gospel message.

Here's how Acts 10:9-16 reads in the NKJV:
"The next day, as they went on their journey and drew near the city, Peter went up on the housetop to pray, about the sixth hour. Then he became very hungry and wanted to eat; but while they made ready, he fell into a trance and saw heaven opened and an object like a great sheet bound at the four corners, descending to him and let down to the earth. In it were all kinds of four-footed animals of the earth, wild beasts, creeping things, and birds of the air. And a voice came to him, 'Rise, Peter; kill and eat.'

"But Peter said, 'Not so, Lord! For I have never eaten anything common or unclean.'

"And a voice spoke to him again the second time, 'What God has cleansed you must not call common.' This was done three times. And the object was taken up into heaven again."

Notes in the NKJV Study Bible offer this explanation of the passage:

"While his host was preparing the noon meal, Peter fell into a trance during which he was commanded to kill and eat all kinds of animals, reptiles and birds. The problem was that the animals were mixed: clean and unclean beasts were gathered together (see Leviticus 11). Jewish people were taught from childhood never to touch or to eat any animal that was unclean. However, here Peter was being commanded by God to do just that. Three times God corrected Peter's resistance with the words, 'what God has cleansed you must not call common.' Food may have been his first consideration, but Peter would soon understand the greater message. The vision was a sign from heaven that Jews were no longer to call Gentiles unclean. From that point on, these two groups would be on equal footing before the Father. God was breaking down Peter's prejudices."

Scripture goes on to tell of Peter, while considering the vision, three men approached him asking him to go to the house of Cornelius, a Roman centurion, to provide instruction to Gentile believers. (Cornelius had his own vision in which he was told to seek out Peter to provide instruction.)

Scripture concludes with Peter going to the household of Cornelius with a number of Gentiles being baptized.

With Gentiles being freely admitted into the early church, the world would never be the same again.
12. The letter 'L' is for 'Lame' as in 'Lame Man Healed'. Acts 3:1-10 tells of Peter and another one of the Twelve Disciples healing a crippled man outside the Beautiful Gate. Who was the other disciple who was with Peter at the time?

Answer: John

Peter was with John when the lame man was miraculously cured by Peter. Acts 3:1-2 tells of the two of the original Twelve Disciples going to the temple at the time of prayer -- three in the afternoon -- when they saw a crippled man being carried to the temple gate to beg for money. According to 3:2, the man had been paralyzed from birth, although no further details are given in the chapter. However, Acts 4:22 states the crippled beggar was more than 40 years old.

This is the first documented account of a specific miracle performed by the disciples in Acts, a chapter which documents the growth of the early church after the resurrection and ascension of Jesus. However, Acts 2:43 states "many wonders and miraculous signs were done by the apostles", but no further information is given.

The crippled beggar had only one thought on his mind when he saw Peter and John: he wanted money. Verse 3 states the man asked the two disciples for money and they responded by looking "straight at him" and asked the man to look at them. Verse 5 goes on to state: "So the man gave them his attention, expecting to get something from them." The beggar, however, would receive something much more valuable than money. He would soon be able to walk for the first time in his life.

In Acts 3:6, in the NKJV Bible, Peter declared to the crippled beggar "silver or gold I do not have, but what I have I give you." Then he commanded "in the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, walk."

As is the case with practically all the miracles performed by the disciples and Paul in the Acts, few words were spoken. In other words, the miracles were preceded by a sharp command invoking the name of Jesus. Incidentally, an old joke goes like this: "Where do you find the church's first financial statement?" Answer: "Acts 3:6 -- Silver and gold I do not have."

After Peter made his statement to the man, a miracle happened. Act 3:7-8, in the NKJV Bible, describes things this way: "And he took him by the right hand and lifted him up, and immediately his feet and ankle bones received strength. So he, leaping up, stood and walked and entered the temple with them-walking, leaping, and praising God. And all the people saw him walking and praising God."

It must have been a wonderful sight to behold.

Make no mistake about it. The people were filled with awe. After all, the man they had seen crippled for more than 40 years was now "walking and jumping and praising God." Verse 10 states they were filled with "wonder and amazement" at what had happened to him. The miracle gave Peter and John a perfect opportunity to address a large crowd and preach to them the message of a resurrected Jesus Christ.

When the crowd demanded an answer of Peter as to how the beggar was healed, Acts 3:16 in the NKJV Bible quotes him as saying: "And His name, through faith in His name, has made this man strong, whom you see and know. Yes, the faith which comes through Him has given him this perfect soundness in the presence of you all."

In all the miracles performed by Peter and Paul in Acts, all the glory is given to Jesus. Similar to the miracles performed by Jesus in the four Gospels, faith often plays a key role in people being healed in Acts.
13. The letter 'M'. What was the name of the servant whose ear Peter cut off with a sword in the Garden of Gethsemane?

Answer: Malchus

Malchus is the correct answer. The account of Malchus having his ear severed by Peter can be found in Matthew 26:51, Mark 14:7, Luke 22:50 and John 18:10. (Peter is identified in only John 18:10. In the other references, it simply tells of the severing of Malchus' ear.)

I find it highly fascinating that Luke, the physician, is the only one to report about the healing of Malchus' severed ear. After the ear was cut, Jesus tells Peter to put away the sword. After Jesus touches Malchus in the area of the wound, his ear is restored to normal.

Luke 22:49-51 gives this account of the miraculous restoration of Malchus' ear: "When those around Him saw what was going to happen, they said to Him, 'Lord, shall we strike with the sword?' And one of them struck the servant of the high priest and cut off his right ear. But Jesus answered and said, 'Permit even this.' And He touched his ear and healed him."

Malchus, however, is not identified by name in Luke's Gospel. He is identified in only John.
14. The letter 'N' is for 'Nickname'. What was the nickname Jesus gave Peter, as per John 1:42?

Answer: Cephas

Jesus gave Peter the nickname Cephas which means stone, or rock.

John 1:42, in the NKJV, states: "And he [Andrew] brought him [Peter] to Jesus. Now when Jesus looked at him, He said, 'You are Simon the son of Jonah. You shall be called Cephas' (which is translated, A Stone)."

Peter was also known as Simon Peter. It wasn't unusual for characters in the New Testament to have more than one name. For example, there's Matthew and Levi, Bartholomew and Nathanael, Barnabas and Joses and Paul and Saul.
15. The letter 'O' is for 'Out of the Ordinary'. Scripture tells of Peter walking on water but what brought about his failure? (Matthew 14:31)

Answer: Lack of faith

Lack of faith is the correct answer, as per Matthew 14:31. It's incredible, but Peter, for a short while, was actually walking on water. Then, according to Scripture, he started to sink due to his lack of faith.

Here's how the incident is told in Mathew 14:22-33 in the NKJV:
"Immediately Jesus made His disciples get into the boat and go before Him to the other side, while He sent the multitudes away. And when He had sent the multitudes away, He went up on the mountain by Himself to pray. Now when evening came, He was alone there. But the boat was now in the middle of the sea, tossed by the waves, for the wind was contrary.

"Now in the fourth watch of the night Jesus went to them, walking on the sea. And when the disciples saw Him walking on the sea, they were troubled, saying, 'It is a ghost!' And they cried out for fear.

"But immediately Jesus spoke to them, saying, 'Be of good cheer! It is I; do not be afraid.'

"And Peter answered Him and said, 'Lord, if it is You, command me to come to You on the water.'

"So He said, 'Come.' And when Peter had come down out of the boat, he walked on the water to go to Jesus. But when he saw that the wind was boisterous, he was afraid; and beginning to sink he cried out, saying, 'Lord, save me!'

"And immediately Jesus stretched out His hand and caught him, and said to him, 'O you of little faith, why did you doubt?' And when they got into the boat, the wind ceased.

"Then those who were in the boat came and worshiped Him, saying, 'Truly You are the Son of God'."
16. The letter 'P' is for 'Pope'. The Catholic Church regards Peter as the first pope.

Answer: True

True. He is regarded as the first pope. Protestant churches, however, don't have a pope and stress a personal, direct relationship with Jesus Christ and don't see Peter as in any higher status than anyone else.

Going by Catholic tradition, the second pope was Clement.
17. The letter 'Q' is for 'Quartus'. Peter and Quartus labored together for a number of years in the early church and in 2 Peter 1:16-18, Peter extends greetings to his "dear brother in Christ."

Answer: False

The answer is false. Paul in Romans 16:23 extends greetings to Quartus. There is no record of Peter having any interaction with Quartus, a member of the early church. It's possible there was an interaction, but if it did take place it's not recorded in Scripture. Incidentally, Peter doesn't extend personal greetings to anyone, beyond a broad general description in the the salutations, of his epistles.

Incidentally, 1 Peter 1:16-18, in the NKJV, states: "For we did not follow cunningly devised fables when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of His majesty. For He received from God the Father honor and glory when such a voice came to Him from the Excellent Glory: 'This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased'. And we heard this voice which came from heaven when we were with Him on the holy mountain."
18. The letter 'R' is for 'Rooster'. Prior to the crucifixion, how many times did Peter deny knowing Christ resulting in a rooster crowing?

Answer: 3

Peter denied knowing Christ three different times, just as predicted by Jesus.

In John 13:37, Peter defiantly told Christ he would never deny Him, adding "I will lay down my life for Your sake."

Jesus answered Peter by saying, "will you lay down your life for My sake? Most assuredly, I say to you, the rooster shall not crow till you have denied Me three times."

And sure enough it came to pass. Here's how John 18:15-26 tells of Peter's denials and the crowing rooster:

"And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple. Now that disciple was known to the high priest, and went with Jesus into the courtyard of the high priest. But Peter stood at the door outside. Then the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to her who kept the door, and brought Peter in. Then the servant girl who kept the door said to Peter, 'You are not also one of this Man's disciples, are you?'

"He said, 'I am not.'

"Now the servants and officers who had made a fire of coals stood there, for it was cold, and they warmed themselves. And Peter stood with them and warmed himself.

"The high priest then asked Jesus about His disciples and His doctrine.

"Jesus answered him, "I spoke openly to the world. I always taught in synagogues and in the temple, where the Jews always meet, and in secret I have said nothing. Why do you ask Me? Ask those who have heard Me what I said to them. Indeed they know what I said'.

"And when He had said these things, one of the officers who stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, 'Do You answer the high priest like that?'

"Jesus answered him, 'If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil; but if well, why do you strike Me?'

"Then Annas sent Him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.

"Now Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. Therefore they said to him, 'You are not also one of His disciples, are you?'

"He denied it and said, 'I am not!'

"One of the servants of the high priest, a relative of him whose ear Peter cut off, said, 'Did I not see you in the garden with Him?' Peter then denied again; and immediately a rooster crowed."
19. The letter 'S' is for 'Servant Girl'. What was the name of the servant girl who left Peter frantically knocking at the door after he had miraculously escaped from prison? (Acts 12:12-16)

Answer: Rhoda

Rhoda is the correct answer. She will be always remembered as the highly excitable girl who let her mind wander from the task at hand. It's a good thing Peter was not being chased by would-be captors, as he would have been chopped liver having to stand at the door of the house trying to get in while Rhoda was busy telling everyone else the latest news.

The story in Acts 12:12-16 almost smacks of a scene from a Hollywood sitcom.
20. The letter 'T' is for 'Transfiguration'. Peter was one of the participants on Mount Transfiguration. Who were the two other disciples and prophets from yesteryear who were also on the Mountain with Jesus? (Matthew 17:1-8)

Answer: James, John, Moses, Elijah

The brothers James and John as well as two prophets from the past, Moses and Elijah, were on Mount Transfiguration with Peter and Jesus.

The events on Mount Transfiguration are recorded in the seventeenth chapter of Matthew, the ninth chapter of Mark and the ninth chapter of Luke. According to Scripture, Peter, James and John were with Jesus when Elijah and Moses appeared in their midst.

Matthew 17:1-8, in the NKJV Bible, states: "Now after six days Jesus took Peter, James, and John his brother, led them up on a high mountain by themselves; and He was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and His clothes became as white as the light. And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with Him. Then Peter answered and said to Jesus, 'Lord, it is good for us to be here; if You wish, let us make here three tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.' While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and suddenly a voice came out of the cloud, saying, 'This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him!' And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their faces and were greatly afraid. But Jesus came and touched them and said, 'Arise, and do not be afraid.' When they had lifted up their eyes, they saw no one but Jesus only."
21. The letter 'U' is for 'Upside Down'. Tradition holds that when Peter was crucified he requested to be crucified upside down.

Answer: True

True. Tradition holds that Peter requested he be crucified upside down on the cross. However, there is no report about such an event taking place in Scripture. Tradition holds that after Judas Iscariot committed suicide all the disciples were eventually executed, with the exception of John. However, the only execution documented in Scripture is that of James, the brother of John. His death is recorded in Acts 12:2.

According to tradition, Peter wanted to be crucified upside down since he saw himself unworthy to be crucified in the same way as Christ. According to a number of Websites, there is no valid historical information Peter was in fact crucified upside down. Yes, it is possible he was crucified upside down, but there is no smoking gun to back up the statement. It is documented in historical records, however, Peter was crucified in Rome at much the same time as Paul.
22. The letter 'V'. What word that starts with the letter 'V' best describes Peter after he denied his Savior and Christ was buried in a tomb?

Answer: Vanquished

Make no mistake about it. Peter was vanquished, and then some.

According to Scripture, Peter wept bitterly after he denied knowing Christ on three different occasions just prior to His crucifixion. Peter's denials are reported in the 27th chapter of Matthew. After the third denial, a rooster crowed, just like Jesus predicted.

Matthew 26:75, in the NKJV, states: "And Peter remembered the word of Jesus who had said to him, 'Before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times.' So he went out and wept bitterly."

Peter was a broken and contrite man. However, after the resurrection of Christ, followed by His ascension, Peter became the undisputed leader of the Twelve Disciples. He was an unstoppable force in the early church.

John Newton is well known for penning the words to the famous Gospel hymn 'Amazing Grace'. Less well known is the fact Newton also penned the words to a hymn telling of Peter's actions. According to the hymn, every believer is a little bit like Peter. Here are the words to the hymn simply titled 'Peter':

"When Peter boasted, soon he fell,
Yet was by grace restored;
His case should be regarded well
By all who fear the Lord.

A voice it has, and helping hand,
Backsliders to recall;
And cautions those who think they stand,
Lest suddenly they fall.

He said, 'Whatever others do,
With Jesus I'll abide;'
Yet soon amidst a murd'rous crew
His suff'ring Lord denied.

He who had been so bold before,
Now trembled like a leaf;
Not only lied, but cursed and swore,
To gain the more belief.

While he blasphemed he heard the cock,
And Jesus looked in love;
At once, as if by lightning struck,
His tongue forbore to move.

Delivered thus from Satan's snare
He starts, as from a sleep;
His Savior's look he could not bear,
But hasted forth to weep.

But sure the faithful cock had crowed
A hundred times in vain;
Had not the Lord that look bestowed,
The meaning to explain.

As I, like Peter, vows have made,
Yet acted Peter's part;
So conscience, like the cock, upbraids
My base, ungrateful heart.

Lord Jesus, hear a sinner's cry,
My broken peace renew;
And grant one pitying look, that I
May weep with Peter too."
23. The letter 'W' is for 'Wife'. How do we know that Peter was married?

Answer: Scripture says Jesus healed his mother-in-law.

We know Peter was married because Scripture says Jesus healed his mother-in-law.
Out of the Twelve Disciples, Peter is the only one reported to be married. Luke 4:38-39, in the NKJV Bible, tells of Jesus healing Peter's mother-in-law: "Now He arose from the synagogue and entered Simon's house. But Simon's wife's mother was sick with a high fever, and they made request of Him concerning her. So He stood over her and rebuked the fever, and it left her. And immediately she arose and served them."

However, no name is given for Peter's wife, or for his mother-in-law. It is possible other disciples were married as well. However, going by Scripture Peter is the only one that we can be certain in stating he was married.
24. The letters 'X' and 'Y' is for 'Younger'. The word 'younger' appears in 1 Peter 5:5: "Likewise you younger people, submit yourselves to your elders. Yes, all of you be submissive to one another, and be clothed with humility, for 'God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble'." The last part of the verse is Peter quoting Old Testament Scripture. Where would one find the passage 'God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble'?

Answer: Proverbs 3:34

The words are found in Proverbs 3:34. Incidentally, there is no Psalm 21:17, Isaiah 67:29 or Amos 15:11. Psalm 21 ends at verse 13, Isaiah ends at 66:24 and Amos ends at 9:15.

Old Testament Scripture is quoted in seven different places in 1 Peter. In 2 Peter, there is no direct reference to the Old Testament.
25. The letter 'Z' is for 'Zion'. There are only seven references to Zion in the New Testament while in the Old Testament there are 169 references. Nevertheless, Peter uses the term 'Zion' in 1 Peter 2:6 to help drive home the point Jesus is the promised Messiah.

Answer: True

True. Peter quotes Old Testament Scripture containing the word 'Zion' to make the point Jesus is the promised Messiah of Israelites. (Zion generally refers to Israel as a nation, but in some places in Scripture it refers specifically to Jerusalem.)

To put 1 Peter 2:6 in context, here's how verses 4 to 10 read in the NKJV:
"Coming to Him as to a living stone, rejected indeed by men, but chosen by God and precious, you also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.Therefore it is also contained in the Scripture,
'Behold, I lay in Zion
A chief cornerstone, elect, precious,
And he who believes on Him will by no means be put to shame.'

"Therefore, to you who believe, He is precious; but to those who are disobedient,

'The stone which the builders rejected
Has become the chief cornerstone,'
and
'A stone of stumbling
And a rock of offense.'

"They stumble, being disobedient to the word, to which they also were appointed. But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light; who once were not a people but are now the people of God, who had not obtained mercy but now have obtained mercy."
Source: Author Cowrofl

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