Quiz about Akhnaton
Quiz about Akhnaton

Akhnaton Trivia Quiz


Establishing a new religion (or religious group within an established religion) is no easy matter. Some of these religious revisionists were more successful than others.

A multiple-choice quiz by looney_tunes. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
looney_tunes
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
330,792
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Easy
Avg Score
8 / 10
Plays
1388
Awards
Top 5% quiz!
Last 3 plays: Eleanor18 (3/10), Guest 75 (8/10), Guest 65 (10/10).
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. Akhnaton (also spelled Akhenaten) was a pharaoh of the 18th dynasty who attempted to replace traditional Egyptian polytheism with the worship of a single figure. What was the name of this deity associated with the disc of the sun? Hint

Aten
Seth
Nut
Bastet

2. Joseph Smith, Jr. was the founder of the Latter Day Saint movement (often referred to as Mormons). He said that the angel Moroni gave him a book of golden plates containing an historical record of God's interactions with ancient Americans from about 2500 BCE until about 400 CE. Smith translated the text from its original unknown language which resembled Egyptian hieroglyphics into English and published it in 1830. By what name is this book usually known? Hint

The Avesta
The Book of Mormon
The Koran
The Tanakh

3. In 1833, William Miller predicted that Jesus Christ would return to Earth on October 22, 1844. When this did not happen, most of his followers returned to their original churches, but some groups of Millerites believed his mistake lay in his interpretation of the date, and that the Second Advent would occur after the period of judging humanity, which commenced on that date, had been completed. What is the name of the best-known of these Millerite groups? Hint

Episcopalians
Baptists
Seventh-day Adventists
Methodists

4. In 1848, John Humphrey Noyes established a religious community in Oneida, New York, which believed that Jesus Christ had already returned in 70 CE, meaning they could establish the millennial kingdom on earth, without needing to anticipate any heavenly existence. What two assassins of American presidents spent time in this community? Hint

Charles Guiteau and Leon Czolgosz
Lee Harvey Oswald and Lynette Fromme
John Wilkes Booth and John Flamming Schrank
John Hinckley, Jr. and Richard Lawrence

5. New York City in 1875 saw the establishment of a group whose initial purpose was the investigation and explanation of mediumistic phenomena. This group, founded by Helena Blavatsky and several others, later expanded its objectives to include universal brotherhood and the study of comparative religion, philosophy and science. What was the name of the search for truth espoused by this group? Hint

Wicca
Theosophy
Shinto
Santeria

6. Lengthy childhood illnesses and the experience of unexpectedly recovering from a major spinal injury after careful Biblical study led this woman to the belief system which she called Christian Science. Who established the Church of Christ, Scientist in 1879? Hint

Fatima Zahra
Mary Baker Eddy
Ann Lee
Aimee Semple McPherson

7. Lafayette Ronald Hubbard was well known as a science fiction author and as the developer of the self-help system of Dianetics. What religion did he develop based on the principles of Dianetics? Hint

Scientology
Eckankar
Hare Krishna
Jainism

8. Jim Jones established the People's Temple, to practice 'apostolic socialism', in Indianapolis, Indiana in the mid-1950s. The Temple moved several times, first to Redwood Valley, California in 1965, then to San Francisco, California in the early 1970s. In 1974, construction of the People's Temple Agricultural Project in Guyana began, in preparation for a move there in 1977. By what name is the People's Temple Agricultural Project better known? Hint

Port Kaituma
The TAP
Jonestown
Georgetown

9. The Branch Davidians are a group that formed from a schism in the Davidian Seventh Day Adventists, itself a reform movement from the Seventh-day Adventist Church. From them arose, in 1984, the sect called the Davidian Branch Davidians, under the leadership of Vernon Wayne Howell, who later renamed himself David Koresh. Near what city did this group set up the Mount Carmel Centre? Hint

Waco, Texas
New York. New York
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Boston, Massachusetts

10. Of what parody religion, founded in 2005 by Bobby Henderson, is the Flying Spaghetti Monster the deity? Hint

Festivus
The Holy Reformed Church of the Almighty Purple Llama
The Western Branch of American Reform Presbylutheranism
Pastafarianism


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Akhnaton (also spelled Akhenaten) was a pharaoh of the 18th dynasty who attempted to replace traditional Egyptian polytheism with the worship of a single figure. What was the name of this deity associated with the disc of the sun?

Answer: Aten

The full name of Akhnaton's god was 'The Rahorus who rejoices in the horizon, in his/her Name of the Light which is seen in the sun disc', but it was usually shortened to Aten. This figure was a development from earlier gods (Rahorus evolved as an amalgamation of Ra and Horus) and adapted their symbols to display its supremacy over all other gods, as the sun is superior to all other stars. This is sometimes considered one of the earliest monotheistic (having one god) religions, although others consider it to be henotheistic (many gods with one of them reigning supreme).

Amenhotep IV (as he was known until the fifth year of his rule) changed his name to Akhnaton, meaning 'effective spirit of Aten', when he decided to introduce his new religious vision. Worship of Aten was effected during his reign, but within a dozen years of his death it had disappeared. Akhnaton himself was little remembered until the 18th century discovery of the ruins of Akhetaten, the city he built for the worship of Aten. Further interest was stimulated by the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun, who was shown by DNA testing in 2010 to be Akhnaton's son.

Nut was an Egyptian god associated with the sky, Seth with the desert, and Bastet with cats.
2. Joseph Smith, Jr. was the founder of the Latter Day Saint movement (often referred to as Mormons). He said that the angel Moroni gave him a book of golden plates containing an historical record of God's interactions with ancient Americans from about 2500 BCE until about 400 CE. Smith translated the text from its original unknown language which resembled Egyptian hieroglyphics into English and published it in 1830. By what name is this book usually known?

Answer: The Book of Mormon

The full name of Joseph Smith's book was "The Book of Mormon: An Account Written by the Hand of Mormon upon Plates Taken from the Plates of Nephi". This is one of the primary sacred texts of the Latter Day Saint movement (which includes a number of branches, including the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, or LDS, which is probably the most widely known group), originally organized to be a restoration of the early Christian church. The other texts usually considered as fundamental are The Bible, The Doctrine and Covenants, and The Pearl of Great Price.

The Avesta is a collection of religious texts that are central to the faith of Zoroastrians, The Koran is a holy book of Islam, and The Tanakh is the Hebrew Bible.
3. In 1833, William Miller predicted that Jesus Christ would return to Earth on October 22, 1844. When this did not happen, most of his followers returned to their original churches, but some groups of Millerites believed his mistake lay in his interpretation of the date, and that the Second Advent would occur after the period of judging humanity, which commenced on that date, had been completed. What is the name of the best-known of these Millerite groups?

Answer: Seventh-day Adventists

There are a number of Adventist groups, of which the Seventh-day Adventists is the largest. They started in response to William Miller's pronouncement of the imminent Second Coming, based on his interpretation of the Book of Daniel, Chapter 8, verses 14-16.

While his calculation of the date was accepted, his understanding of its significance was challenged by those who chose to continue in the new belief, and Adventist groups concluded that the date marked the beginning of the time of judgment, during which each individual's eligibility for salvation would be determined. Christ's Second Coming is considered to be imminent, but with no fixed date.

The name Seventh-day Adventist relates to the decision among early church members that the Bible clearly states that the seventh day of the week (Saturday) is the one that should be celebrated as the Sabbath, rather than Sunday as used by most Christian churches.
4. In 1848, John Humphrey Noyes established a religious community in Oneida, New York, which believed that Jesus Christ had already returned in 70 CE, meaning they could establish the millennial kingdom on earth, without needing to anticipate any heavenly existence. What two assassins of American presidents spent time in this community?

Answer: Charles Guiteau and Leon Czolgosz

Charles Guiteau, who shot President James Garfield on July 2, 1881, and Leon Czolgosz, who shot President William McKinley on September 6, 1901, both spent time in the Oneida Community. Guiteau was a member for around five years, Czolgosz only briefly. All the people named in the incorrect answers were either successful (Booth, Oswald) or unsuccessful in their attempts to kill an American president.

The Oneida Community was a religious commune with a number of unorthodox practices. Considering that they were sanctified, they held that marriage and private property were abolished, as they were expressions of human frailty. Effectively, anyone could have a sexual relationship with anyone else - it was here that the phrase 'free love' originated. Specifically, it was seen as appropriate for post-menopausal women to form partnerships with young men, who found it difficult to practice the male continence that was considered ideal, as the women would not be susceptible to pregnancy as a result. The commune functioned effectively from its founding until about 1880, growing to have a membership of over 300 when Noyes had to flee to Canada to avoid arrest. Succession of leadership was disputed - he wanted his son Theodore to take over, but other members of the group were not willing to accept him, primarily because he was an atheist. The Oneida Community had many successful industries, including canning fruits and vegetables, and manufacture of annual traps, silk thread, leather bags, palm leaf hats and silverware. When the Community disbanded in 1881, the industries continued. In the early 20th century the company that had formed to run the businesses sold off all except the silverware manufacturing, which continues to operate in the early 21st century.
5. New York City in 1875 saw the establishment of a group whose initial purpose was the investigation and explanation of mediumistic phenomena. This group, founded by Helena Blavatsky and several others, later expanded its objectives to include universal brotherhood and the study of comparative religion, philosophy and science. What was the name of the search for truth espoused by this group?

Answer: Theosophy

Theosophy (from Greek words meaning 'god' and 'wisdom') is a doctrine which considers all religions as attempts by the 'Spiritual Hierarchy' to help humans become more perfect; as such, all religions have some portion of the universal truth to impart. The Theosophical Society was established in New York by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky, Henry Steel Olcott and William Quan Judge. Originally focusing on exploring mediumistic phenomena, the group's scope was made broader after the headquarters moved to India and the leaders started studying Eastern religions. The Society's official seal has a number of elements intended to express the universality of its beliefs and the fundamental unity of all religions: the motto "There is no religion higher than truth", an ankh (Egyptian symbol of resurrection), two interlaced triangles forming a six-sided star (which can be seen as the Jewish Seal of Solomon, as two triangles each representing the Christian Trinity of Father, Son and Holy Spirit or the Hindu Trinity of Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma), a serpent eating its own tail (symbol of wisdom in a number of cultures), a swastika (the fiery cross associated with the Holy Spirit and Brahma), and an aum (the sacred Hindu word 'om' as written in Sanskrit characters).

Wicca is a neo-pagan religion, Shinto is a Japanese religion, and Santeria is a syncretistic Caribbean religion, combining aspects of Roman Catholic and traditional African beliefs.
6. Lengthy childhood illnesses and the experience of unexpectedly recovering from a major spinal injury after careful Biblical study led this woman to the belief system which she called Christian Science. Who established the Church of Christ, Scientist in 1879?

Answer: Mary Baker Eddy

Attributing her recovery from a severe fall in 1866 to her study of Matthew 9:2, Mary Baker Eddy proceeded to spend three years in Biblical study, which led her to develop the principles of Christian Science. In 1875 she published "Science and Health", which is considered the textbook of Christian Science. She convinced herself and others that illness could be healed through thought processes that had been strengthened by a clearer perception of God, and the Church of Christ, Scientist was officially established in 1879. Most Christian Scientists belong to The First Church of Christ, Scientist in Boston, Massachusetts, but there are branches. In addition, Reading Rooms are maintained in many cities around the world, where one can read (or buy) Eddy's writings along with other Christian Science articles. The "Christian Science Monitor" was for years a respected newspaper covering US and international events, and is now an award-winning web site.

Fatima Zahra was the daughter of Muhammad, the prophet who established Islam in the 7th century. Ann Lee established the Shakers, or Shaking Quakers, also known as the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, in the 18th century. Aimee Semple McPherson, also known as Sister Aimee, was an evangelist in the early 20th century who established the Foursquare Church.
7. Lafayette Ronald Hubbard was well known as a science fiction author and as the developer of the self-help system of Dianetics. What religion did he develop based on the principles of Dianetics?

Answer: Scientology

L. Ron Hubbard published his first writings on Dianetics in the magazine "Astounding Science Fiction" (for which he had earlier produced a number of SF stories) in 1949, having been unable to interest mainstream publishers. The term 'dianetics' comes from Greek words meaning 'through' and 'mind'. Dianetics considers that the mind has three parts: the conscious or analytical mind, the subconscious or reactive mind, and the somatic mind. The self-help goal, to be achieved through a questioning process called auditing, is to take the reactive mind out of the picture, leading to an increased level of ethical behavior, and greater happiness. The Church of Scientology was established in 1953 to facilitate this process.

Hare Krishna is the usual shorthand term used to refer to the International Society for Krishna Consciousness, devotees of the Hindu god Krishna. Eckankar, also called the Religion of the Light and Sound of God, was founded in 1965 by Paul Twitchell. Jainism is an ancient Indian religion.
8. Jim Jones established the People's Temple, to practice 'apostolic socialism', in Indianapolis, Indiana in the mid-1950s. The Temple moved several times, first to Redwood Valley, California in 1965, then to San Francisco, California in the early 1970s. In 1974, construction of the People's Temple Agricultural Project in Guyana began, in preparation for a move there in 1977. By what name is the People's Temple Agricultural Project better known?

Answer: Jonestown

Jonestown became infamous when 918 people died there, and at nearby Port Kaituma airstrip, and in Guyana's capital of Georgetown, on November 18, 1978. The majority of the deaths were apparently suicide by cyanide poisoning at the temple, following the shooting of five people (including Congressman Leo Ryan, the first US congressman to be assassinated in the line of duty) and in anticipation of retaliation by authorities.

Many of those who died apparently drank a flavored drink containing potassium cyanide and potassium chloride, along with tranquilisers.

The phrase "Don't drink the Kool-Aid" is an admonishment not to mindlessly adopt the dogma of a group or leader without first attempting to work out the full implications of those beliefs.

It should be noted, however, that the flavored drink used was not actually Kool-Aid, but another brand of drink.
9. The Branch Davidians are a group that formed from a schism in the Davidian Seventh Day Adventists, itself a reform movement from the Seventh-day Adventist Church. From them arose, in 1984, the sect called the Davidian Branch Davidians, under the leadership of Vernon Wayne Howell, who later renamed himself David Koresh. Near what city did this group set up the Mount Carmel Centre?

Answer: Waco, Texas

I won't bore you with the details of the theological arguments between these various groups. It is enough to know that when the Branch Davidians split over a leadership issue in 1984, Vern Howell and his supporters gained control of the Mount Carmel Centre, a property about 9 miles (14 km) northeast of Waco, Texas. Among other reforms, Vern announced that he had been told by God to establish 'the house of David', in which all marriages were to be dissolved, and only he could have sexual relations with the women. In 1990 Howell had his name legally changed to David Koresh.

The Davidian Branch Davidians hit the headlines during the Waco Siege, which began on February 28, 1993 when agents of the US Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives attempted to execute a search warrant, based on allegations that the group was stockpiling weapons. The shootout that ensued left four agents and six of Koresh's followers dead. The Federal Bureau of Investigation then set up a siege that lasted for 50 days, when a second attempt to enter the property was made. During this, fire destroyed the compound and 76 people died, including David Koresh.
10. Of what parody religion, founded in 2005 by Bobby Henderson, is the Flying Spaghetti Monster the deity?

Answer: Pastafarianism

Pastafarianism (a word play reference to Rastafarianism) was originally intended as a satirical protest against the teaching of intelligent design as an alternative to evolution in Kansas public schools. Describing a belief system in which a supernatural creator, the Flying Spaghetti Monster, closely resembles a serving of spaghetti and meatballs, Henderson argued for the right of his theory of creation to also be given equal time in the classroom. After he published the letter on his web site, Pastafarianism quickly became an Internet hit, and the details of belief were more fully developed in his book, "The Gospel of the Flying Spaghetti Monster".

Festivus, a holy day for the rest of us, was introduced to the world by the TV show "Seinfeld". The Western Branch of American Reform Presbylutheranism is the religion of choice for most residents of Springfield in the TV show "The Simpsons". The Holy Reformed Church of the Almighty Purple Llama is a parody of the convoluted names and beliefs of a number of reform groups, and of theism in general.
Source: Author looney_tunes

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor CellarDoor before going online.
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