Quiz about Down in the Bowels
Quiz about Down in the Bowels

Down in the Bowels Trivia Quiz


Not the bowels of the earth, but those in our own bodies. Despite being the part that causes us embarrassment, with unexpected noises and, er, aromas, their workings are essential to good health. UK English spellings are used in the quiz.

A multiple-choice quiz by rossian. Estimated time: 3 mins.
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Author
rossian
Time
3 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
356,205
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
8 / 10
Plays
1499
Awards
Top 20% Quiz
Last 3 plays: Guest 205 (7/10), Guest 1 (8/10), Kant123 (9/10).
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. The small intestine consists of three parts - the duodenum, the jejunum and which other section? Hint

Ileum
Cerebrum
Brachium
Sacrum

2. Dyschezia is similar in meaning to which of these common bowel problems? Hint

Flatulence
Diarrhoea
Constipation
Cramp

3. The small intestine breaks proteins down into peptides and which of these? Hint

Fructose
Fatty acids
Amino acids
Glucose

4. A common bowel condition is known by the initials IBS, which stand for irritable, bowel and which other word? Hint

Syndrome
Sickness
Sympton
System

5. There is no singular version in English of the word 'faeces'.

True
False

6. The final part of the large intestine is the rectum. What is the literal meaning of the name? Hint

Curved
Oval
Round
Straight

7. Coeliac disease is a disorder of the small intestine caused by an allergic reaction to which protein? Hint

Collagen
Keratin
Insulin
Gluten

8. Villi are found in which part of the bowel? Hint

Small intestine
Rectum
Colon
Anus

9. The first part of the large intestine is known by which name? Hint

Peritoneum
Caecum
Anus
Appendix

10. Haemorrhoids are painful swellings in the lower part of the digestive system which are also known by which name? Hint

Heaps
Mounds
Piles
Stacks


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. The small intestine consists of three parts - the duodenum, the jejunum and which other section?

Answer: Ileum

The duodenum is the first, and shortest, part of the small intestine, and receives partly digested food, called chyme, from the stomach via the pyloric sphincter. The mid part is the jejunum, with the ileum being the final part which is responsible for the final stages of digestion. Brachium refers to the upper arm, between the shoulder and elbow and the cerebrum is the major part of the brain.

The sacrum is the bone at the base of the spine.
2. Dyschezia is similar in meaning to which of these common bowel problems?

Answer: Constipation

Dyschezia is difficulty in defecating, or passing stools, often caused by a failure of the defecation urge. It is often classed with constipation, although in babies the stools may still be soft as the infant learns how to control its body and excrete waste products. Diarrhoea is the passing of very loose or liquid stools, and flatulence is gas in the digestive system. Cramps are pains in the abdominal region which can be caused by trapped wind or diarrhoea.
3. The small intestine breaks proteins down into peptides and which of these?

Answer: Amino acids

The small intestine is where the major part of food breakdown and absorption takes place. Enzymes from the pancreas pass into the small intestine to aid digestion. Proteins are turned into peptides and amino acids and fats (lipids) into fatty acids and glycerol.

Some carbohydrates are changed into sugars such as glucose and fructose, while others pass into the large intestine. Amino acids are vital for the body to make new proteins - the molecules that keep it going.
4. A common bowel condition is known by the initials IBS, which stand for irritable, bowel and which other word?

Answer: Syndrome

IBS has no definite cause, but may be due to stress or a reaction to some foods. It causes symptoms such as stomach cramps, bloating, constipation and/or diarrhoea. No cure is available, but changes in lifestyle and diet can help keep the problems caused to a manageable level.
5. There is no singular version in English of the word 'faeces'.

Answer: True

Faeces are the waste product of the human body, and can also be called excrement. Euphemisms are often used, such as 'doodoo', 'poo' or 'poop' as well as other names not used in polite society. The word comes from the plural of the Latin word for dregs, which is faex.

It is classed as a plurale tantum word, meaning plural only, and other words falling under this definition include bagpipes, clothes and scissors.
6. The final part of the large intestine is the rectum. What is the literal meaning of the name?

Answer: Straight

The name is derived from the Latin word 'rectus', which also gives us the word 'rectitude', meaning 'moral uprightness'. The full name is rectus intestinum, to distinguish it from other parts of the human body such as rectus abdominus in the stomach and rectus femoris in the leg.

The purpose of the rectum is to store waste materials temporarily. Once it is full, signals are sent to the brain that defecation is needed, so that the faeces can be evacuated from the body via the anus.
7. Coeliac disease is a disorder of the small intestine caused by an allergic reaction to which protein?

Answer: Gluten

Coeliac disease is caused when the body's immune system mistakenly attacks substances found in gluten thinking they are dangerous. The reaction damages the lining of the small intestine and prevents the proper absorption of nutrients. Gluten is found in barley, wheat and rye and products made using these cereals.

The symptoms can be controlled by changing to a gluten free diet, although there is no cure for the disease.
8. Villi are found in which part of the bowel?

Answer: Small intestine

The human body has millions of villi, which are projections resembling fingers on the walls of the small intestine. These hugely increase the surface area available for the absorption of nutrients. Inflammation in the small intestine, such as that caused by coeliac disease, can shrink and flatten the villi reducing the amount of nutrition available to the sufferer.
9. The first part of the large intestine is known by which name?

Answer: Caecum

The name comes directly from the Latin word meaning blind, with the full name being intestinum caecum or blind intestine. The caecum is a pouch which receives waste from the ileum via a valve. It connects to the first part of the colon, the ascending colon.

The appendix, properly called the vermiform (worm shaped) appendix, is attached to the caecum. The peritoneum is the membrane which lines the abdomen and the anus is the final part of the digestive system via which the faeces are evacuated from the body.
10. Haemorrhoids are painful swellings in the lower part of the digestive system which are also known by which name?

Answer: Piles

Haemorrhoids are caused by swelling of the blood vessels in the lining of the anus and lower part of the rectum. They often cause no problems but can become enlarged and inflamed, particularly when constipation is an issue. Often the swelling will settle, but in severe cases an operation may be needed.

The derivation of the common name is likely to be from the Latin word pila meaning ball.
Source: Author rossian

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor WesleyCrusher before going online.
Any errors found in FunTrivia content are routinely corrected through our feedback system.
Most Recent Scores
Mar 20 2023 : Guest 205: 7/10
Mar 08 2023 : Guest 1: 8/10
Mar 06 2023 : Kant123: 9/10
Feb 13 2023 : Guest 68: 5/10
Feb 07 2023 : Guest 86: 8/10
Feb 03 2023 : Mimi1950: 8/10
Feb 02 2023 : Guest 65: 4/10
Jan 26 2023 : Guest 99: 8/10

Score Distribution

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