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Quiz about Eat Your Colors
Quiz about Eat Your Colors

Eat Your Colors Trivia Quiz


Does it seem like there's a lot of confusion nowadays as to what constitutes a healthy diet? It's simpler than you might have imagined...the answer is phytochemicals, and they're found in brightly colored foods.

A multiple-choice quiz by LilahDeDah. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
LilahDeDah
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
191,953
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
7 / 10
Plays
5934
Awards
Editor's Choice
Last 3 plays: lana_nl (7/10), Aiyetoro (9/10), jackseleven (7/10).
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Question 1 of 10
1. Since this quiz is all about phytochemicals, perhaps we'd better get this question out of the way first. What exactly ARE phytochemicals? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. Phytochemicals are important in preventing or treating all of the following conditions. With which disease is the role of phytochemicals in prevention particularly strongly associated? Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. Eat your GREEN. Cruciferous vegetables are particularly rich phytochemical sources. Which of the vegetables below is not a member of this group? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. Eat your RED. LYCOPENE is one of the hardest-working phytochemicals, protecting us against cancer, heart disease, and many other disorders.
What seems to increase the absorption of lycopene by the human body?
Hint


Question 5 of 10
5. Eat your ? Since this question is about the phytochemicals from the Allium family, such as ALLYL SULFIDES and AJOENE, what should this question be titled? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. Eat your RED-PURPLE. Although some antioxidant phytochemicals may be found in food that people don't particularly like (but should probably try anyway), almost everyone likes strawberries, cherries, blueberries and raspberries. Which of the following phytochemicals are particularly abundant in deeply pigmented fruits such as these? Hint


Question 7 of 10
7. You can obtain the phytochemical benefit of red wine without the alcohol by drinking red or purple grape juice.


Question 8 of 10
8. Eat your YELLOW-ORANGE. CAROTENOIDS, of which beta-carotene is the most famous, provide protection against heart disease and cancer and also stimulate immune function. Another important carotenoid is LUTEIN, which has a particularly important function in the prevention of what disorder? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. You can find phytochemicals in unlikely places...the crunch of your pickle (CALCIUM PECTATE), or the bite of your chili pepper (CAPSAICIN). Which food is incorrectly matched with its antioxidant? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. What should all of us do to ensure we have plenty of phytochemicals in our diets? Hint



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quiz
Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Since this quiz is all about phytochemicals, perhaps we'd better get this question out of the way first. What exactly ARE phytochemicals?

Answer: Bioactive plant substances

Phytochemicals are nonnutritive (in other words, they have no calories and do not produce energy) plant chemicals that contain disease-preventing compounds. Hundreds of different phytochemicals have been discovered, and a single serving of a fruit or vegetable may contain dozens.
2. Phytochemicals are important in preventing or treating all of the following conditions. With which disease is the role of phytochemicals in prevention particularly strongly associated?

Answer: Cancer

Cancer is a disease of abnormal cellular reproduction, so it stands to reason that phytochemicals, which strengthen cell walls and prevent cell damage from oxidation, could play an important part in its prevention. It is estimated that two-thirds of current cancer cases are preventable and that ONE-THIRD could be prevented by changes to diet alone.
3. Eat your GREEN. Cruciferous vegetables are particularly rich phytochemical sources. Which of the vegetables below is not a member of this group?

Answer: Celery

Cruciferous vegetables contain potent cancer fighters called INDOLES and SULFORAPHANES, among at least four others. Some people find that the smell of these compounds in their veggies (cauliflower is also a member of this group, as are cabbage and bok choy) takes some getting used to, but the health benefits are obviously worth it. Celery, while not a cruciferious veggie, contains the phytochemical BUTYL PHTALIDE, which can help lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
4. Eat your RED. LYCOPENE is one of the hardest-working phytochemicals, protecting us against cancer, heart disease, and many other disorders. What seems to increase the absorption of lycopene by the human body?

Answer: Processing tomatoes by canning them or making them into ketchup

Processing tomatoes increases lycopene's bioavailability, as does adding a small amount of fat, preferably a "good fat" like olive oil. In addition to tomato products like sauce, paste, juice, and ketchup, lycopene is also found in other red foods like guava, rosehips, watermelon and pink grapefruit. Make sure you buy the reddest red fruits you can find for the most lycopene.
5. Eat your ? Since this question is about the phytochemicals from the Allium family, such as ALLYL SULFIDES and AJOENE, what should this question be titled?

Answer: Eat your WHITE-GREEN

The wonderful Allium family contains members like onions, garlic, leeks, chives, shallots, and scallions. In addition to making food delicious, the white-green group has health benefits such as preventing heart disease (by thinning blood a little, thus making clots less likely to form in blood vessels), lowering cholesterol (especially "bad" or LDL cholesterol), and preventing many cancers.
6. Eat your RED-PURPLE. Although some antioxidant phytochemicals may be found in food that people don't particularly like (but should probably try anyway), almost everyone likes strawberries, cherries, blueberries and raspberries. Which of the following phytochemicals are particularly abundant in deeply pigmented fruits such as these?

Answer: Anthocyanins

ANTHOCYANINS (over 300 have been discovered!) are abundant in dozens of fruits and are powerful antioxidants. They are particularly useful in reducing cholesterol. LIMONOIDS are also phytochemicals. They are found in citrus and help protect against cancer. Plant estrogens are found in soy, and flax is a good source of lignans, both of which are being studied as cancer preventers.
7. You can obtain the phytochemical benefit of red wine without the alcohol by drinking red or purple grape juice.

Answer: True

You've probably heard about the health benefits of red wine, which contains the potent antioxidant power of FLAVONOIDS, ANTHOCYANINS, and RESVERATROL. If you don't want the alcohol, grape juice confers the same benefits. Always choose juice with as little added sugar as possible.
8. Eat your YELLOW-ORANGE. CAROTENOIDS, of which beta-carotene is the most famous, provide protection against heart disease and cancer and also stimulate immune function. Another important carotenoid is LUTEIN, which has a particularly important function in the prevention of what disorder?

Answer: Macular degeneration

Lutein is found in the retina of the eye and its antioxidant function there helps prevent macular degeneration, which can lead to blindness.
Lutein occurs in mangoes, papayas, oranges, kiwi, peaches, squash, peas, lima beans, green beans, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, kale, lettuce, prunes, pumpkin, sweet potatoes and honeydew melon. (Many carotenoids, of which there are more than 600 known, are found in green as well as yellow/orange plant sources, and some are even found in animals...a carotenoid is responsible for the pink color of salmon and shrimp.)
(info from www.genox.com)
9. You can find phytochemicals in unlikely places...the crunch of your pickle (CALCIUM PECTATE), or the bite of your chili pepper (CAPSAICIN). Which food is incorrectly matched with its antioxidant?

Answer: All are correct

Antioxidant activity from root beer, licorice, and Indian food? Absolutely. In fact, some foods you might not have thought of as particularly healthy, such as tea, parsley, ginger, and caraway, are busily repairing cell damage and preventing disease every time we enjoy them.
10. What should all of us do to ensure we have plenty of phytochemicals in our diets?

Answer: Choose a variety of brightly colored fruits and vegetables every day

Unfortunately, the typical Western diet is sadly lacking in phytochemicals for the simple reason that most of us don't eat enough fruit and vegetables. The US Department of Agriculture sponsors a "Five a Day for Good Health" program to encourage this vital dietary change, especially among children.

In Okinawa, where a traditional diet includes as many as TEN servings of vegetables a day, people live to be centenarians with great regularity, although this may not be the only contributory factor.
Source: Author LilahDeDah

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor crisw before going online.
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