Quiz about History of The Environmental Movement
Quiz about History of The Environmental Movement

History of The Environmental Movement Quiz


This quiz tests your knowledge about important dates, events, and figures in the environmentalist movement.

A multiple-choice quiz by elliearroway. Estimated time: 5 mins.
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Author
elliearroway
Time
5 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
310,171
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Tough
Avg Score
5 / 10
Plays
584
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. Who was the first scientist to suggest that carbon dioxide from industrial processes could create a "greenhouse effect"? Hint

Svante Arrhenius
Joseph Fourier
Carl Sagan
Frank Rowland

2. Which British scientist discovered the hole in the ozone layer? Hint

Frank Rowland
Irving Stowe
James Lovelock
Joe Farman

3. In 1967 Lynn White located the "historical roots of our ecological crisis" in what? Hint

the exporting to other nations of an American way-of-life that emphasizes consumption
the West's increased separation from nature as nations became more urban and industrial
an over-reliance on technology
a Western view toward nature rooted in the book of Genesis, which suggests man should have dominion over the animals and subdue the earth

4. What movie depicting a near meltdown and safety problems at an American nuclear power plant was released merely days before the partial meltdown of the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania? Hint

Fat Man and Little Boy
The Day After
The Sum of All Fears
The China Syndrome

5. What Ronald Reagan administration official famously suggested that a solution to the depletion of the ozone layer was to don a hat and sunglasses and wear long-sleeves? Hint

EPA director William Ruckelshaus
EPA director Anne Gorsuch
Secretary of the Interior James Watt
Secretary of Energy Don Hodel

6. What was the name of the town in India where an industrial disaster poisoned thousands when a Union Carbide pesticide plant leaked methyl isocyanate gas? Hint

Mumbai
Bangalore
Nagpur
Bhopal

7. Who or what does the "Radium Girls" refer to? Hint

a movie that came out in 1946 about a group of girls who are beautiful and dangerous, i.e., radioactive.
a group of women who worked on the Manhattan Project during World War II as secretaries.
five female factory workers who sued U.S. Radium Corporation in 1927 for hazardous workplace conditions. The girls worked there painting watch dials with radium so they would glow in the dark.
young girls whom the U.S. government secretly dosed with radium to discover if it had any health benefits during the 1950s.

8. The U.S. town that was evacuated after dangerous levels of dioxin were found in its soil in 1982 was Hint

Times Beach, Missouri
Triana, Alabama
Love Canal, New York
Afton, North Carolina

9. The assassination of Chico Mendes in Brazil in 1988 brought attention to what environmental issue? Hint

growing levels of air pollution in São Paulo
deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon
desertification in the Northeastern region of Brazil
exploitation of natural resources by foreigners

10. What environmental organization did Edward Abbey's novel "The Monkey Wrench Gang" inspire? Hint

Earth First!
Greenpeace
Earth Liberation Front
Friends of the Earth


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Who was the first scientist to suggest that carbon dioxide from industrial processes could create a "greenhouse effect"?

Answer: Svante Arrhenius

Although French physicist Joseph Fourier was the first to investigate the idea that gases in the atmosphere could trap heat during the 1820s, Swedish scientist Svante Arrhenius in an 1896 article published in the "Philosophical Magazine" first proposed that CO2 from burning fossil fuels might eventually lead to global warming (although he did not express concern over it).
2. Which British scientist discovered the hole in the ozone layer?

Answer: Joe Farman

Joe Farman was a British scientist working in Antarctica in 1982 when he discovered the measurement of ozone had decreased by one-half in the atmosphere above his research station. The results repeated the following year, and he published his result in "Nature" along with Brian Gardiner and Jonathan Shanklin in 1985. American scientist Frank Rowland along with fellow American Mario Molina first postulated that chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) might deplete ozone. James Lovelock is a British scientist best known for formulating the Gaia hypothesis. Irving Stowe was an American activist who helped found Greenpeace.
3. In 1967 Lynn White located the "historical roots of our ecological crisis" in what?

Answer: a Western view toward nature rooted in the book of Genesis, which suggests man should have dominion over the animals and subdue the earth

American historian Lynn White's article "The Historical Roots of Our Ecological Crisis" was published in "Science" magazine and created a lot of debate among Christians who argued that Genesis could be interpreted as urging Adam and Eve to care for their surroundings.
4. What movie depicting a near meltdown and safety problems at an American nuclear power plant was released merely days before the partial meltdown of the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania?

Answer: The China Syndrome

"The China Syndrome", starring Jane Fonda and Jack Lemmon, was released on March 16, 1979; the Three Mile Island incident occurred March 28, 1979.
5. What Ronald Reagan administration official famously suggested that a solution to the depletion of the ozone layer was to don a hat and sunglasses and wear long-sleeves?

Answer: Secretary of Energy Don Hodel

Both James Watt and Anne Gorsuch were famously anti-environmentalist; both resigned their positions due to scandal. Ruckelshaus was the first director of the EPA whom Reagan brought back after the Gorsuch debacle. But it was Hodel, as Secretary of Energy, who made the above comment.
6. What was the name of the town in India where an industrial disaster poisoned thousands when a Union Carbide pesticide plant leaked methyl isocyanate gas?

Answer: Bhopal

The Bhopal Gas Tragedy occurred in 1984. Historians call this the worst industrial disaster in world history. 2,000 people died, and an estimated 300,000 were injured out of a city numbering 800,000.
7. Who or what does the "Radium Girls" refer to?

Answer: five female factory workers who sued U.S. Radium Corporation in 1927 for hazardous workplace conditions. The girls worked there painting watch dials with radium so they would glow in the dark.

The other answers were completely fabricated. Between 1917 and 1926, women worked at a U.S. Radium Corporation factory painting watch dials with radium because of its luminescent quality; not knowing of the dangers, the women would lick the paint brushes to stiffen the tips. The five women who brought the suit all died of cancer.
8. The U.S. town that was evacuated after dangerous levels of dioxin were found in its soil in 1982 was

Answer: Times Beach, Missouri

Times Beach, a town south of St. Louis, had dirt roads and hired a company to spray its dirt roads with oil to cut down on dust. The oil came from a factory that had manufactured Agent Orange during the Vietnam War and was contaminated by dioxin. A whistle blower from the company selling the waste oil led the EPA to Times Beach.

The town was entirely evacuated, and a state park marks the site today. The other three towns listed also had incidents during the 1980s involving chemical poisoning. Love Canal was built on top of a toxic waste dump; residents of Triana, AL were exposed to DDT by water dumping practices at Redstone Arsenal, and Afton is located in Warren County, N.C. where there was an attempt to build a PCB landfill.
9. The assassination of Chico Mendes in Brazil in 1988 brought attention to what environmental issue?

Answer: deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon

Chico Mendes was a labor leader who argued for the sustainable use of Brazil's rain forests, concerned about the large scale clearing of rain forests. He was assassinated in 1988 by ranchers who wanted the land cleared to raise more cattle.
10. What environmental organization did Edward Abbey's novel "The Monkey Wrench Gang" inspire?

Answer: Earth First!

Edward Abbey's "The Monkey Wrench Gang" was published in 1975, and Earth First! was founded in 1979. The organization drew on the idea of direct action to combat the destruction of the environment contained in the novel; Abbey also spoke at some of their early meetings.
Source: Author elliearroway

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