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Quiz about General Legal Concepts 1
Quiz about General Legal Concepts 1

General Legal Concepts #1 Trivia Quiz


A hotch-potch of interesting legal facts, perhaps a little more geared towards the United States and England (because that is where my education lies).

A multiple-choice quiz by TemplarLLM. Estimated time: 6 mins.
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Author
TemplarLLM
Time
6 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
8,529
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Difficult
Avg Score
4 / 10
Plays
3584
- -
Question 1 of 10
1. The laws of the United States of America are fundamentally founded on which established set of laws? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. What does the term 'Habeas Corpus' mean? Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. Which of the following were an infamous type of court in Northern Ireland where trials for major crimes (generally involving terrorism) were heard by a Judge alone, rather than by a jury? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. In the United Kingdom, what kind of a lawyer wears a wig in court?

Answer: (One Word)
Question 5 of 10
5. Which state in the United States of America has authorized the use of a firing squad as a primary means of execution (this does not include the other two states that allow for firing squad under certain circumstances)? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. Who was the only Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States of America to have ever been impeached? Hint


Question 7 of 10
7. In England there are four Inns of Court through which a potential barrister must be educated and which have exclusive rights to qualify a person as a barrister by way of calling them to the Bar. Which of the following is not an Inn of Court? Hint


Question 8 of 10
8. Which 'peoples' used to resolve their legal disputes by a head-butting contest? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. It is commonly felt that modern representations of the 'Lady of Justice' (a robed woman wearing a blindfold over her eyes and holding a scale in one hand and a sword in the other) are based on a number of Greek and Roman deities, although not on any one in particular. Which of the following is NOT one of the deities upon which Lady Justice is believed to be based? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. In what city is the International Court of Justice located?

Answer: (Two Words)

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quiz
Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. The laws of the United States of America are fundamentally founded on which established set of laws?

Answer: English Common Law

The Legal Concepts that dominate the legal world are Civil Law, English Common Law and Islamic Law. English Common Law is the most widely used in former British colonial countries (hence its reliance in the United States), as well as most Commonwealth countries, whereas the Civil Law is used mostly throughout Europe and in those countries where European powers of the 17th, 18th and 19th Centuries colonized. Islamic law is only found in those countries where Islam dominates society.
2. What does the term 'Habeas Corpus' mean?

Answer: To Produce the Body

One of the oldest legal principles in English Common Law, this phrase is commonly mis-stated, as it is the name that actually refers to a species of Writ, rather than an instrument of its own right. The use of 'Habeas Corpus' is normally used in regards to a 'Writ of Habeus Corpus ad subjiciendum' which relates to a Hearing that is to be brought before a court, requiring the Government to produce somebody who has been detained to determine whether they are being held legally or not, regardless of their guilt or innocence.
3. Which of the following were an infamous type of court in Northern Ireland where trials for major crimes (generally involving terrorism) were heard by a Judge alone, rather than by a jury?

Answer: Diplock Courts

These courts were established so that the trial could be heard without the jury being intimidated by the threat of recriminations and reprisals against their families by terrorist organizations and paramilitary groups. The courts were set up after Lord Diplock published a report in 1972 recommending non-jury trials and the easier use of confessions to convict suspected guerrillas.

The main problem, however, was that many miscarriages of justice occurred by their use, due to suspected bias of many of the Diplock Court judges.
4. In the United Kingdom, what kind of a lawyer wears a wig in court?

Answer: Barrister

The wig became an official and ceremonial adornment in the early 17th cenury and has remained until today as a symbol of the solemnity and formality of the court system.
5. Which state in the United States of America has authorized the use of a firing squad as a primary means of execution (this does not include the other two states that allow for firing squad under certain circumstances)?

Answer: Utah

Utah is the only state that allows the use of a firing squad as its primary means of execution, along with lethal injection. Idaho also allows the use of a firing squad, but only where it is shown that lethal injection is impractical. Oklahoma has provisions for a firing squad as a means of execution as the third choice of execution, but only if lethal injection and then electrocution are found to be unconstitutional (in that order).
6. Who was the only Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States of America to have ever been impeached?

Answer: Samuel Chase

Samuel Chase was appointed by President George Washington as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1796 until 1811. Chase was acquitted in an impeachment trial (1805) inspired by President Thomas Jefferson for political reasons, which ultimately strengthened the independence of the judiciary.

The House of Representatives, encouraged by Jefferson, charged Chase with improper actions in treason and sedition trials and with a political address to a grand jury. In March 1805, the Senate, acting as trial court, found him not guilty. On a differing note, Chase was also one of the Founding Fathers, in that he was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.
7. In England there are four Inns of Court through which a potential barrister must be educated and which have exclusive rights to qualify a person as a barrister by way of calling them to the Bar. Which of the following is not an Inn of Court?

Answer: Upper Temple

The other Inn not mentioned in the alternate answers is the Inner Temple. All of the Inns are located in the vicinity of the Royal Courts of Justice (which contains the Court of Appeal and the High Court of Justice), on the boundary of Westminster and the City of London (also known as the Square Mile) in London, England.

The exact dates of their existence are unsure, but thier history's can be dated back to at least the mid 13th century.
8. Which 'peoples' used to resolve their legal disputes by a head-butting contest?

Answer: Inuit

Up until fairly recently (within the last 100 years), the Inuit (who were formerly known as 'Eskimo's') had such disdain for the formal process of law, that if a person felt legally aggrieved and made this clear to the person that they felt had committed a wrong against them, the issue was resolved by a head-butting contest.

The Plaintiff and Defendant (for want of a better word) would take turns head-butting each other, until one fell and could not rise again. The last man standing was the winner of the legal dispute.
9. It is commonly felt that modern representations of the 'Lady of Justice' (a robed woman wearing a blindfold over her eyes and holding a scale in one hand and a sword in the other) are based on a number of Greek and Roman deities, although not on any one in particular. Which of the following is NOT one of the deities upon which Lady Justice is believed to be based?

Answer: Fides

Fides was actually the Goddess of good faith and honesty. The Lady of Justice is said to be based on Themis, Dike, Astraea, Maat (Eygptian daughter of the Sun God Ra) and Justitia. Except for Themis, none of the original incarnations of these deities possess all three symbols of Lady Justice (the blindfold, sword and scales).

Themis was a Greek Goddess who advised Zeus after his purge of the old pantheon. Dike and Astraea were both daughters of Themis and Zeus, Dike carried a sword, whereas Astraea carried a scales. Justitia in her original incarnation simply wore a blindfold.
10. In what city is the International Court of Justice located?

Answer: The Hague

The International Court of Justice, which sits at The Hague, in the Netherlands, acts as a world court. It decides in accordance with international law disputes of a legal nature submitted to it by States, whilst in addition certain international organs and agencies are entitled to call upon it for advisory opinions.

It was set up in 1945 under the Charter of the United Nations to be the principal judicial organ of the Organization, and its basic instrument, the Statute of the Court, forms an integral part of the Charter.
Source: Author TemplarLLM

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor Bruyere before going online.
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