Quiz about Lockheed L1011
Quiz about Lockheed L1011

Lockheed L-1011 Trivia Quiz


A durable wide-bodied commercial jetliner, the Lockheed L-1011 is the subject of this quiz.

A multiple-choice quiz by cag1970. Estimated time: 4 mins.
  1. Home
  2. »
  3. Quizzes
  4. »
  5. World Trivia
  6. »
  7. Aviation
  8. »
  9. Aircraft

Author
cag1970
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
306,729
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Tough
Avg Score
6 / 10
Plays
468
Awards
Top 35% Quiz
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. Like other commercial aircraft in the Lockheed line, the L-1011 had a nickname. What nickname was attached to this plane? Hint

Orion II
JetStar
TriStar
Constellation III

2. The L-1011 arrived on the market in 1972, one year later than expected. Its debut was delayed due to problems with what company, which was originally tasked with supplying the aircraft's engines? Hint

Rolls-Royce
Pratt & Whitney
General Electric
Allison

3. Although American Airlines was the catalyst for development of the L-1011, which airline actually took delivery of the first L-1011 in 1972? Hint

Eastern
Continental
Delta
TWA

4. The L-1011's legacy was tarnished by controversy in February, 1976, when it was revealed that Lockheed had bribed the leader of what country in return for an airline buying the aircraft? Hint

Canada
West Germany
The Netherlands
Japan

5. One of the worst aviation accidents in history involved Saudia Flight 163 in August, 1980. An L-1011 was consumed by fire, and a total of 301 people were killed, after the aircraft made an emergency landing in which city? Hint

Amman, Jordan
Karachi, Pakistan
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Cairo, Egypt

6. In July, 1992, another L-1011 was involved in a fire, when TWA Flight 843 was destroyed after an aborted takeoff at New York's John F. Kennedy Airport. What city was TWA Flight 843's planned destination? Hint

Houston
San Francisco
Seattle
Denver

7. Delta Air Lines Flight 191, an L-1011, crashed in August, 1985, on approach to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, in an infamous episode of wind shear. One of the 128 passengers killed in the disaster was Don Estridge, the man who led the effort to develop what well-known product? Hint

Hershey Whatchamacallit
Kodak Disc Camera
IBM Personal Computer
Chevrolet Citation

8. A number of L-1011s formerly used as commercial passenger carriers were converted for use as military refueling tankers in the mid-1980s, to serve in whose air force? Hint

Japan
West Germany
Canada
United Kingdom

9. For many years, Orbital Sciences Corporation has used an L-1011 modified to launch Pegasus rockets into orbit around the Earth. What nickname was given to this modified L-1011 aircraft? Hint

Stargazer
Starlifter
Starmaster
Starblazer

10. Between 1972 and 1985, how many L-1011s were delivered for use? Hint

250
350
300
200


(Optional) Create a Free FunTrivia ID to save the points you are about to earn:

arrow Select a User ID:
arrow Choose a Password:
arrow Your Email:




Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Like other commercial aircraft in the Lockheed line, the L-1011 had a nickname. What nickname was attached to this plane?

Answer: TriStar

Like its most notable competitor, the McDonnell Douglas DC-10, the L-1011 boasted a three-engine configuration. One engine hung from each wing, while the third engine was mounted in the tail. But the tail-mounted engine in the L-1011 actually integrated through the tail, using ducting similar to what was found on the Boeing 727 and providing more stability and quiet.
2. The L-1011 arrived on the market in 1972, one year later than expected. Its debut was delayed due to problems with what company, which was originally tasked with supplying the aircraft's engines?

Answer: Rolls-Royce

The Rolls-Royce RB211 engine was developed as the powerplant for the L-1011. The three-spool design with carbon fiber fan was intended to have a high power-to-weight ratio to maximize engine efficiency. Rolls-Royce ended up going into receivership in 1971, as the costs of engine development bankrupted the company. The British government took control of Rolls-Royce with the understanding that the US government would guarantee the bank loans needed for Lockheed to finish the project.

At the time that the L-1011 was under development, Allison Engine Company was part of General Motors. Rolls-Royce acquired Allison in 1995.
3. Although American Airlines was the catalyst for development of the L-1011, which airline actually took delivery of the first L-1011 in 1972?

Answer: Eastern

Several major American airlines used the L-1011 during its lifetime, including Eastern, TWA, and Delta. Eastern referred to their L-1011s as "Whisper Liners" because of their efficient and quiet operations. Delta was the most prolific user of the aircraft among American passenger carriers.
4. The L-1011's legacy was tarnished by controversy in February, 1976, when it was revealed that Lockheed had bribed the leader of what country in return for an airline buying the aircraft?

Answer: Japan

Lockheed vice-chairman Carl Kotchian admitted to Congress that the company had paid over $1.5 million to Japanese prime minister Kakuei Tanaka, in exchange for subsidizing All Nippon Airway's purchase of the L-1011. Kotchian and Lockheed chairman Daniel Haughton stepped down a week after Kotchian's testimony. Tanaka was eventually sentenced to four years in prison for the less serious charge of violating foreign exchange control laws, but he never spent time in jail.
5. One of the worst aviation accidents in history involved Saudia Flight 163 in August, 1980. An L-1011 was consumed by fire, and a total of 301 people were killed, after the aircraft made an emergency landing in which city?

Answer: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Saudia Flight 163, which originated in Karachi, had taken off from Riyadh on the second leg of the journey to Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, when the crew detected smoke coming from a cargo compartment. The crew guided the L-1011 to a safe emergency landing, but a delay in evacuating the aircraft allowed the fire to get out of control. All 287 passengers and all 14 crew perished.

At the time, it was the second worst single-aircraft disaster of all time, behind the Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crash near Paris in March, 1974.
6. In July, 1992, another L-1011 was involved in a fire, when TWA Flight 843 was destroyed after an aborted takeoff at New York's John F. Kennedy Airport. What city was TWA Flight 843's planned destination?

Answer: San Francisco

Erroneous activation of the stick-shaker stall warning device prompted the first officer of Flight 843 to abort the takeoff when the aircraft was just 16 feet off the ground. The aircraft landed hard and came to rest, upright, in the grass nearly 300 feet away from the departure end of the runway. Unlike the Riyadh incident, in which the crew tragically delayed evacuation, the TWA crew safely evacuated the aircraft in less than two minutes.

There were 10 people who suffered minor injuries, but all 280 passengers and 10 crew survived.
7. Delta Air Lines Flight 191, an L-1011, crashed in August, 1985, on approach to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, in an infamous episode of wind shear. One of the 128 passengers killed in the disaster was Don Estridge, the man who led the effort to develop what well-known product?

Answer: IBM Personal Computer

The Delta Flight 191 disaster occurred over three years after the Pan Am Flight 759 disaster, in which a Boeing 727 was knocked to the ground by a similar microburst during takeoff from New Orleans. Don Estridge was tasked with leading a team to create a low-cost alternative to computers on the market from competitors Apple and Commodore.

The success of the IBM PC helped lead Estridge up the IBM ladder, eventually becoming Vice President, Manufacturing. Estridge, his wife, two IBM summer interns, and six family members of other IBM employees were among the 128 passengers killed in the disaster.
8. A number of L-1011s formerly used as commercial passenger carriers were converted for use as military refueling tankers in the mid-1980s, to serve in whose air force?

Answer: United Kingdom

A total of nine L-1011s--six formerly serving with British Airways and three formerly serving with Pan Am--were converted into the mid-air refueling role after the war over the Falkland Islands. The aircraft, assigned to No. 216 Squadron and based at RAF Brize Norton, are slated to be replaced by a new Airbus tanker early in the 2010s, as part of the Future Strategic Tanker Aircraft program.
9. For many years, Orbital Sciences Corporation has used an L-1011 modified to launch Pegasus rockets into orbit around the Earth. What nickname was given to this modified L-1011 aircraft?

Answer: Stargazer

Orbital Sciences's L-1011, formerly used by Air Canada, carries the Pegasus rocket up to a height of 40,000 feet for launch. This mobile launch platform allows for lower per-flight costs, as it eliminates the need for fixed launch pads on the ground.

The L-1011 replaced NASA's famed NB-52 air-launch vehicle, a modified B-model of the B-52 Stratofortress strategic bomber, as the launch platform for Pegasus.
10. Between 1972 and 1985, how many L-1011s were delivered for use?

Answer: 250

Lockheed originally estimated that it would need to produce 500 aircraft to break even on the project. However, in 1981, the company decided to cease production after reaching just half that number. Despite the L-1011's success as a commercial carrier, it marked Lockheed's last foray into major civilian aviation.
Source: Author cag1970

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor gtho4 before going online.
Any errors found in FunTrivia content are routinely corrected through our feedback system.
1/28/2023, Copyright 2023 FunTrivia, Inc. - Report an Error / Contact Us