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Quiz about El Salvador  The Land of Volcanoes
Quiz about El Salvador  The Land of Volcanoes

El Salvador - The Land of Volcanoes Quiz


Nestled at the convergence of three tectonic plates, El Salvador stands out as one of the most seismologically active regions on Earth, earning itself the moniker "The Land of Volcanoes". Eager to learn more about this interesting nation? Let's explore!

A photo quiz by Matthew_07. Estimated time: 3 mins.
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Author
Matthew_07
Time
3 mins
Type
Photo Quiz
Quiz #
413,253
Updated
Jul 25 23
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Easy
Avg Score
8 / 10
Plays
224
Awards
Top 5% quiz!
Last 3 plays: MikeMaster99 (8/10), matthewpokemon (10/10), Gumby1967 (5/10).
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Question 1 of 10
1. El Salvador shares land borders with which two other Central American nations? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. What makes El Salvador's coastline unique among the other Central American nations? Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. Which of the following statements best describes the size of El Salvador? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. Etymologically speaking, what does the name "El Salvador" translate to in Spanish? Hint


Question 5 of 10
5. El Salvador lies at the convergence of which three tectonic plates? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. El Salvador was one of the five isthmian member states of the United Provinces of Central America. What image on the coat of arms of El Salvador symbolizes this membership? Hint


Question 7 of 10
7. Which Salvadoran city was hit by deadly earthquakes in 1917, promoting the Salvadoran government to temporarily relocate the nation's capital to Santa Tecla? Hint


Question 8 of 10
8. What unique distinction does the flag of El Salvador share with the flags of Ecuador and Haiti? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. Which Salvadoran volcano erupted so regularly between 1770 and 1958 that it earned itself the nickname "Lighthouse of the Pacific" due to its luminous cone caused by the glowing lava? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. Joya de Cerén is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in El Salvador. This Mayan archaeological site was a farming village buried under volcanic ashes due to an eruption that took place around AD 600. What is the nickname given to this site? Hint



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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. El Salvador shares land borders with which two other Central American nations?

Answer: Guatemala and Honduras

The Republic of El Salvador is bordered by Guatemala to the northwest and Honduras to the northeast.

Of the wrong options, Belize, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Panama are Central American nations, whereas Guyana and Suriname are South American nations.
2. What makes El Salvador's coastline unique among the other Central American nations?

Answer: It is the only Central American country that does not have a Caribbean coastline.

El Salvador only borders the Pacific Ocean; the nation does not have a Caribbean coastline. On the other hand, Belize only borders the Caribbean Sea; it does not have a Pacific coastline.

The remaining five Central American nations - Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama, border both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
3. Which of the following statements best describes the size of El Salvador?

Answer: It is the smallest Central American nation.

El Salvador occupies an approximate land area of 21,041 square kilometres (8,124 square miles), making it the smallest Central American nation. Belize, at 22,966 square kilometres (8,867 square miles), is slightly bigger than El Salvador.

Nicaragua is the largest Central American nation.
4. Etymologically speaking, what does the name "El Salvador" translate to in Spanish?

Answer: The Saviour

In Spanish, the word "el" means "the", whereas the word "salvador" means "saviour".

Spanish conquistador Pedro de Alvarado (1485 - 1541) coined the lengthy name "Provincia De Nuestro Señor Jesus Cristo, El Salvador Del Mundo", which translates to "Province of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Savior of the World". This name was eventually shortened to simply El Salvador.
5. El Salvador lies at the convergence of which three tectonic plates?

Answer: Caribbean, Cocos, and North American

Due to this disadvantageous position, El Salvador is prone to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. These natural disasters are caused by the movement of tectonic plates.
6. El Salvador was one of the five isthmian member states of the United Provinces of Central America. What image on the coat of arms of El Salvador symbolizes this membership?

Answer: Volcanoes

The centre of the coat of arms of El Salvador features five conic volcanoes, where each of them represents one of the original five isthmian (adjective for the noun isthmus) member states of the United Provinces of Central America. They are Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua.
7. Which Salvadoran city was hit by deadly earthquakes in 1917, promoting the Salvadoran government to temporarily relocate the nation's capital to Santa Tecla?

Answer: San Salvador

San Salvador is also the capital of El Salvador. The major earthquake that occurred in 1917 caused substantial damage to San Salvador.

Another major earthquake hit San Salvador in 1986, resulting in an estimated 1,000 - 1,500 deaths. The tremor was so intense that its shock was also felt in the neighbouring countries of Guatemala and Honduras.

Of the wrong options, San Francisco is a city located in the US, San Juan is the capital of Puerto Rico, and San José is the capital of Costa Rica.
8. What unique distinction does the flag of El Salvador share with the flags of Ecuador and Haiti?

Answer: It features images of flags.

The flag of El Salvador depicts a horizontal triband (cobalt blue - white - cobalt blue), with the country's coat of arms featured in the centre of the flag. The coat of arms design includes five identical flags, symbolizing the Federal Republic of Central America. This political entity existed from 1823 until 1841 and included present-day El Salvador.

As for the flag of Ecuador, it features the country's coat of arms, which depicts four national flags. Likewise, the flag of Haiti displays the nation's coat of arms, featuring six national flags.
9. Which Salvadoran volcano erupted so regularly between 1770 and 1958 that it earned itself the nickname "Lighthouse of the Pacific" due to its luminous cone caused by the glowing lava?

Answer: Izalco

El Salvador is home to over 20 active volcanoes. Izalco is located in the western region of El Salvador. The cone of the volcano glows so intensely that the flares are visible from great distances at sea, even at night. The image of this active stratovolcano has been featured on the reverse of the country's discontinued 10 Colones banknote.

The incorrect options are all volcanoes. Krakatao is located in the Sunda Strait, Indonesia. Etna is located in Sicily, Italy. Cotopaxi is located in Ecuador.
10. Joya de Cerén is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in El Salvador. This Mayan archaeological site was a farming village buried under volcanic ashes due to an eruption that took place around AD 600. What is the nickname given to this site?

Answer: Pompeii of the Americas

Joya de Cerén, meaning Jewel of Cerén in Spanish, was discovered in 1976 by a bulldozer driver. Famed for its archaeological value, it was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993. The site was extremely well-preserved. Though more than 70 buildings have been unearthed, no human remains were found. Archaeologists believed that the site was long abandoned before the volcano eruption.

Pompeii was an ancient city located in Italy. The city was buried under a thick layer of volcanic ash when Mount Vesuvius erupted in AD 79.
Source: Author Matthew_07

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Related Quizzes
This quiz is part of series Central American Nations:

A collection of my geography quizzes that feature all seven Central American nations - Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. Enjoy!

  1. Belize - Hidden Jewel of Central America Easier
  2. Costa Rica - The Rich Coast Easier
  3. El Salvador - The Land of Volcanoes Easier
  4. Guatemala - The Land of Eternal Spring Easier
  5. Honduras - The Tibet of Central America Easier
  6. Nicaragua - The Land of Lakes and Volcanoes Easier
  7. Panama - The Crossroads of the World Average

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