Quiz about Julius Caesar
Quiz about Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar Quiz for Experts | Roman History


This is a quiz about Gaius Julius Caesar, the man who paved the way for the Empire Period in Roman history.

A multiple-choice quiz by Buferos. Estimated time: 6 mins.
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Author
Buferos
Time
6 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
404,154
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Tough
Avg Score
6 / 10
Plays
203
Last 3 plays: Guest 43 (8/10), Guest 172 (8/10), Guest 76 (9/10).
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. What was Julius Caesar's first job? Hint

a senator
a member of the Praetorian cavalry
a priest
a lawyer

2. How many times did Julius Caesar get stabbed during his assassination? Hint

3 times
23 times
13 times
33 times

3. What was the problem with the Roman calendar, which Caesar reformed into the Julian calendar? Hint

It only had 365 days in a year, not accounting for the fact that a solar year is 365.25 days long.
Leap months were needed and incorrectly applied, so moments like the equinox had no specific date.
It didn't contain a reference to Caesar, so he decided to rename Quintilis to July.
It only had weeks, as the concept of a month was unknown before Caesar.

4. Shakespeare made a whole moment out of Julius Caesar discovering Brutus was amongst the men stabbing him. This was based on fact, but which fact? Hint

Brutus was Caesar's lover.
Brutus was Caesar's biological son.
Brutus was Caesar's ex-girlfriend's son.
Brutus was Caesar's adopted son.

5. After the Battle of Pharsalos, his last remaining enemy and former triumvir, Pompey, fled to Egypt. The Egyptian authorities wanted to get in the good grace of the victor, Julius Caesar. They decided to murder and decapitate Pompey, and offer Caesar his head. How did Caesar react? Hint

He shed tears for such an disgraceful end for his former friend, and executed the people involved in his murder.
He had the head put on a spike in Rome to make sure everyone knew of his victory.
The person offering the head, Cleopatra, was appointed sole ruler of Egypt.
He carried the head with him to Rome to give it a proper funeral.

6. When was Julius Caesar deified? Hint

immediately after his death
while he was dictator
never
two years after his death

7. The first Triumvirate was a collaboration of three men, Julius Caesar, Pompey Magnus, and Marcus Crassus, to divide all power amongst themselves. The three men each possessed a quality which would help them: one had a name which carried a lot of weight in Rome, one had a lot of money, and the third one was popular with the people. Which of these was Caesar? Hint

He was popular with the people.
He had a name which carried a lot of weight.
He had a lot of money.
He was known as a great general.

8. While being dictator of Rome, Caesar was offered a crown by Marc Antony according to the historian Plutarch, to declare him King of Rome. Caesar refused. What is a possible reason he refused? Hint

It was a theater for the people.
Marc Antony was his enemy, so this act was suspicious.
A dictator had more power than a king.
He desired to be king of the whole empire.

9. In ancient Rome, prominent people had 3 names, the tria nomina. The tria nomina consisted of a first name (Gaius), a family name (Julius) and a nickname (Caesar). Why did the famous Gaius Julius Caesar get the nickname Caesar? Hint

It was given to him when he became dictator of Rome.
He inherited it from his father.
He was born by a caesarean section.
It was a pet name given to him by Cleopatra.

10. After Caesar's funeral, what was the Roman public's reaction? Hint

They started to revolt against the conspirators, trying to set their houses on fire.
They started to hail Octavian, Caesar's adopted son, as their next ruler.
None whatsoever, as they were afraid of what would happen next.
There were large festivities.


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. What was Julius Caesar's first job?

Answer: a priest

He became Flamen Dialis, the high priest of Jupiter, around the age of 16, with the help of his father-in-law, Cinna. In this function, he could not ride a horse, handle metal objects, or view a dead body. This would have made a military career impossible, but he was stripped of his title when Sulla began another dictatorship.
2. How many times did Julius Caesar get stabbed during his assassination?

Answer: 23 times

On the Ides of March, March 15th, 44 BC, senators conspiring against Caesar who were led by Brutus and Cassius, stabbed him on the senate floor. The senate floor happened to be Pompey's Theatre at the time, because the senate building was under reconstruction. According to Suetonius, only one stab to his chest was fatal.
3. What was the problem with the Roman calendar, which Caesar reformed into the Julian calendar?

Answer: Leap months were needed and incorrectly applied, so moments like the equinox had no specific date.

There had been many issues with the Roman calendar, which counted only 355 days. Priests were in charge to regularly add leap months, but failed to do so in a scientific way. While Julius Caesar was in Egypt, he learned of their solar calendar, which had 365 days. Back in Rome, he put a team of mathematicians and philosophers to work to reform the Roman calendar. They came up with a year which had 365 days, and added a leap day every 4 years. This was based on the calculations of Eudoxus, who had calculated the solar year as 365.25 days.
4. Shakespeare made a whole moment out of Julius Caesar discovering Brutus was amongst the men stabbing him. This was based on fact, but which fact?

Answer: Brutus was Caesar's ex-girlfriend's son.

According to some historians, Servilia was the love of Caesar's life. It is generally believed, however, that their relationship started when Brutus was already a teenager. Caesar had been some kind of mentor to Brutus, but they were far from best friends. Three years before the assassination, Caesar and Brutus were on opposing sides on the battlefield, at the Battle of Pharsalos, where Caesar defeated Pompey.
5. After the Battle of Pharsalos, his last remaining enemy and former triumvir, Pompey, fled to Egypt. The Egyptian authorities wanted to get in the good grace of the victor, Julius Caesar. They decided to murder and decapitate Pompey, and offer Caesar his head. How did Caesar react?

Answer: He shed tears for such an disgraceful end for his former friend, and executed the people involved in his murder.

According to Livius and Plutarch, it was the Egyptian king's tutor, Theodotus, who offered Pompey's head to Caesar. It is debated whether Caesar's tears were genuine, but he didn't take the offering as a sign of support, and ultimately sided against the Egyptian king Ptolemy, with Ptolemy's sister and co-ruler Cleopatra.
6. When was Julius Caesar deified?

Answer: two years after his death

Julius Caesar, as the first historical Roman, was deified by the Senate on January 1, 42 BC. The deity was given the name Divus Iulius, or "divine Julius".
His successor, Augustus, took on the name of Divi Filius, or Son of the Divine.
7. The first Triumvirate was a collaboration of three men, Julius Caesar, Pompey Magnus, and Marcus Crassus, to divide all power amongst themselves. The three men each possessed a quality which would help them: one had a name which carried a lot of weight in Rome, one had a lot of money, and the third one was popular with the people. Which of these was Caesar?

Answer: He was popular with the people.

It is unclear what Caesar's job was at the time the alliance was made. According to one source, it started when he was already consul, having the highest political office in Rome. According to other sources, the alliance was made before he was elected consul. Julius Caesar was through his uncle connected to the Populares faction, which had been demanding social reforms for decades.

He also enjoyed spending money on games and festivities for the people, working himself into a massive debt. He didn't have a name as a general like Pompey The Great, the most famous general of the time.
8. While being dictator of Rome, Caesar was offered a crown by Marc Antony according to the historian Plutarch, to declare him King of Rome. Caesar refused. What is a possible reason he refused?

Answer: It was a theater for the people.

When accused of striving for the highest function, a rex (king), it would be a good move to refuse it when offered. The idea of having another king was a very sensitive topic in Rome; they had overthrown their last king almost 500 years before Caesar, and it was still a topic that most people were unwilling to reconsider.
9. In ancient Rome, prominent people had 3 names, the tria nomina. The tria nomina consisted of a first name (Gaius), a family name (Julius) and a nickname (Caesar). Why did the famous Gaius Julius Caesar get the nickname Caesar?

Answer: He inherited it from his father.

The name Caesar probably comes from the Latin verb "caedare", "to cut". The term "cesarean section" may have come from him, but it was not why he got the name. It was in fact quite simple: he inherited his name from his father, Gaius Julius Caesar, who inherited it from his father.

The Historia Augusta, believed to have been written prior to 485 AD, gave three other reasons why the original ancestor of Caesar got nicknamed Caesar: because he had a lot of hair ('caesaries'), because he had grey eyes ('caesiis') or that he killed an elephant during battle ('caesai' in Moorish).
10. After Caesar's funeral, what was the Roman public's reaction?

Answer: They started to revolt against the conspirators, trying to set their houses on fire.

In his will, Caesar left a large sum of money to the common people. According to Suetonius, after the will was read at his funeral, the people were enraged about the killing of the dictator and started to pursue his assassins, who had to flee the city.

Eventually, after quite some words and fighting, the Second Triumvirate was formed which consisted of Octavian, Marc Antony and Lepidus. They defeated the armies of the conspirators (Brutus, Cassius, and others) at the Battle of Philippi. When the armies of the republic were defeated, one of the men of the Second Triumvirate would emerge as Rome's first Emperor, the first, the princeps, the Augustus.
Source: Author Buferos

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor ponycargirl before going online.
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