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Quiz about The History of South Africa Highs and Lows
Quiz about The History of South Africa Highs and Lows

The History of South Africa: Highs and Lows Quiz


South Africa has a short but rich history dotted with injustices but also humanity and a spirit of forgiveness. Let's revisit some of the highlights (and lowlights).

A multiple-choice quiz by strudi74. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
strudi74
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
362,728
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Easy
Avg Score
8 / 10
Plays
613
Awards
Top 20% Quiz
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Question 1 of 10
1. South Africa was effectively established in 1652 when a Dutch colonial commander landed at the Cape of Good Hope and created a refreshment station for ships on the India trading route. What is the name of this first settler in South Africa? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. By the early 1800s Dutch naval and mercantile power had began to fade, and another major world power had taken control of the Cape Province in the new country developing at the southern tip of Africa. Which country sent settlers to the Cape in 1820? Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. In the 1830s the Dutch descendants of the first settlers in the Cape Colony, or Boers, were becoming unhappy with being under British rule. A number of families uprooted and started moving inland to be able to live freely. What was this movement called? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. By the mid-1800s in South Africa large numbers of "Voortrekkers" had settled in what is now known as the Free State and Transvaal, and were living free of British rule. All that changed in March 1886 when a prospector came across a very important reef on the Witwatersrand. What did it contain? Hint


Question 5 of 10
5. After years of skirmishing and open rebellion in the young South African republic, Boer president Paul Kruger declared war on the British in 1899. The British responded to the Boer guerrilla attacks by employing which method, which would be today be considered a very serious war crime? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. Despite the two World Wars South Africa grew economically between 1910 and 1960, but there were many disenfranchised groups that were left behind as the country became Afrikaner-controlled. The all-time low came in and after 1948. Which political ideology was formalized in this year and became law throughout South Africa? Hint


Question 7 of 10
7. On 21st March 1960 an event happened in South Africa that would galvanize the Black community into more aggressive resistance, when the police opened fire and killed 69 people during a protest march. Where did this happen? Hint


Question 8 of 10
8. In the early 1960s in South Africa Nelson Mandela had been a freedom fighter for some years, resorting to guerrilla tactics and meetings with anti-apartheid activists in several countries. On 5 August 1962 he was captured. What was the name of his historic trial? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. What was the name of the man who released Nelson Mandela from prison and set reforms in motion, leading to the end of apartheid as a political system in South Africa? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. What makes 27th April 1994 such an important date in the history of South Africa? Hint



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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. South Africa was effectively established in 1652 when a Dutch colonial commander landed at the Cape of Good Hope and created a refreshment station for ships on the India trading route. What is the name of this first settler in South Africa?

Answer: Jan van Riebeeck

On 6th April 1652, a Dutch settlers colony in three ships landed in the Cape. Their intention was to set up a way-station for ships travelling to and from India.

Van Riebeeck was honored for his deeds by having his likeness on all South African currency from 1940 up to 1993.
2. By the early 1800s Dutch naval and mercantile power had began to fade, and another major world power had taken control of the Cape Province in the new country developing at the southern tip of Africa. Which country sent settlers to the Cape in 1820?

Answer: Britain

The British gave lands to approximately 5,000 settlers, whose job it would be to provide agricultural products and act as a buffer between the towns and the natives, who were becoming a major headache for the colonial forces. A large number of the settlers moved to towns or further away from these zones and the British military was forced to take more control.
3. In the 1830s the Dutch descendants of the first settlers in the Cape Colony, or Boers, were becoming unhappy with being under British rule. A number of families uprooted and started moving inland to be able to live freely. What was this movement called?

Answer: The Great Trek

Large numbers of Boers packed all their possessions into ox-wagons and trekked northwards - into the unknown. There were large areas of good farmland and grazing that were open to anyone, and they took advantage of that fact.
As families settled into farms, new trekkers settled deeper and deeper into the country, until there were colonies as far as the Orange Free State and the Transvaal, despite facing wild animals and hostile natives.
4. By the mid-1800s in South Africa large numbers of "Voortrekkers" had settled in what is now known as the Free State and Transvaal, and were living free of British rule. All that changed in March 1886 when a prospector came across a very important reef on the Witwatersrand. What did it contain?

Answer: Gold

George Harrison was a prospector in the area where Johannesburg is now located. One Sunday he stumbled across a gold-bearing reef, and the rest is history. Along with the discovery of diamonds a few years earlier in the Kimberley area, this turned the interior of the country into a very valuable asset.

The British claimed the important areas for themselves amid great unhappiness on the part of the Boer Republics.
5. After years of skirmishing and open rebellion in the young South African republic, Boer president Paul Kruger declared war on the British in 1899. The British responded to the Boer guerrilla attacks by employing which method, which would be today be considered a very serious war crime?

Answer: Concentration camps

In order to deprive the guerrillas of shelter and practical support, the British rounded up all the Boer women and children that they could find and confined them to camps with poor hygiene, very little food and insufficient shelter. The Boers ultimately had little choice but to surrender - on 31st May 1902.

By then more than 26,000 women and children (out a total of about 127,000 interned) had died as a result of the conditions that they had to endure.
6. Despite the two World Wars South Africa grew economically between 1910 and 1960, but there were many disenfranchised groups that were left behind as the country became Afrikaner-controlled. The all-time low came in and after 1948. Which political ideology was formalized in this year and became law throughout South Africa?

Answer: Apartheid

Apartheid as an ideology and political system was formalized by the National Party. The laws passed included prohibiting marriage across colour lines, segregating black people into townships and establishing whites only areas. The architect of the system was Dr. H. F. Verwoerd, who came to be the figurehead of a hated regime.

He was assassinated by Dimitri Tsafendas during a parliamentary sitting in 1966.
7. On 21st March 1960 an event happened in South Africa that would galvanize the Black community into more aggressive resistance, when the police opened fire and killed 69 people during a protest march. Where did this happen?

Answer: Sharpeville

In an attempt to scatter the crowd protesting South Africa's notorious Pass Laws, nervous policemen opened fire on the crowd and killed 69, also injuring almost 200. The massacre led to massive indignation and focused the attention of the world on the situation in the country. This incident could well have been one of the turning points in the struggle against apartheid.
8. In the early 1960s in South Africa Nelson Mandela had been a freedom fighter for some years, resorting to guerrilla tactics and meetings with anti-apartheid activists in several countries. On 5 August 1962 he was captured. What was the name of his historic trial?

Answer: Rivonia Trial

Mandela was very uncooperative and defied the authorities at every stage of the trial. He was charged with sabotage and conspiracy to overthrow the government. The trial was widely reported and Mandela and his fellow conspirators were found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment.

He eventually servd 18 years on Robben Island and another nine in other prisons. The apartheid government did not realise it at the time but Mandela in prison would become a rallying point for activists the world over.
9. What was the name of the man who released Nelson Mandela from prison and set reforms in motion, leading to the end of apartheid as a political system in South Africa?

Answer: F.W. de Klerk

In 1989 then State President FW de Klerk started making reforms in South Africa. Apartheid laws were repealed one by one and eventually Nelson Mandela was released from prison after 27 years. In 1993 De Klerk and Mandela jointly received the Nobel Peace prize for their efforts at reconciliation.
10. What makes 27th April 1994 such an important date in the history of South Africa?

Answer: First fully democratic election

On 27 April 1994 millions of South Africans lined up to vote, many for the first time in their lives. It was an historic day during which many past injustices were moved to the past. Since 1994 the day has been a public holiday, very aptly named Freedom Day.
Source: Author strudi74

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