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Quiz about Best of the Best  Spanish Conquistadors
Quiz about Best of the Best  Spanish Conquistadors

Best of the Best: Spanish Conquistadors Quiz


Although these Spanish soldiers may be best known for conquering areas of the New World, it must be remembered that their activities soon also led to exploration and colonization.

A photo quiz by ponycargirl. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
ponycargirl
Time
4 mins
Type
Photo Quiz
Quiz #
377,872
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
8 / 10
Plays
701
Awards
Top 5% quiz!
Last 3 plays: Guest 73 (7/10), LadyNym (10/10), Guest 76 (9/10).
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Question 1 of 10
1. It is common knowledge that Francisco Pizarro conquered the Incas in Peru, but he also founded a city there. What was its name? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. Commonly believed to be the first famous European to see the Pacific Ocean from its eastern shore, Vasco Nunez de Balboa, had to cross what stretch of land to get there? Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. Ponce de Leon famously searched for the Fountain of Youth in Florida. He also discovered which current, which became the common route for traveling from the Caribbean Sea to Spain?

Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. Which conquistador was the first European to explore what is now the American Southwest? He was looking for the mythical "Seven Cities of Gold", but members of his expedition became the first Europeans to see the Grand Canyon. Hint


Question 5 of 10
5. Hernando de Soto is known for exploring parts of Florida. However, he also explored which great river where he was eventually buried? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo alongside Hernando Cortes in the conquest of Mexico, and later was the first European to sail to which modern state, where many Spanish missions were founded, on the western coast of the United States? Hint


Question 7 of 10
7. With a name meaning "head of a cow", which conquistador was among the first Europeans to explore Texas? Hint


Question 8 of 10
8. Which conquistador is believed to have held the first Thanksgiving festival in America, twenty-three years before the Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth Rock? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon explored the eastern coast of North America, and founded the settlement of San Miguel de Guandape in an area that would become which first successful English colony in North America over eighty years later? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. Whose expedition proved that the Gulf of Mexico was not a passage to Asia, and mapped the coastal areas of modern day Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas in 1519? Hint



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Most Recent Scores
Jul 21 2024 : Guest 73: 7/10
Jul 21 2024 : LadyNym: 10/10
Jun 24 2024 : Guest 76: 9/10
Jun 21 2024 : Guest 71: 8/10
Jun 15 2024 : Guest 69: 10/10
Jun 10 2024 : Guest 99: 7/10
Jun 08 2024 : Guest 136: 7/10
May 29 2024 : Guest 38: 8/10
May 26 2024 : Guest 174: 8/10

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quiz
Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. It is common knowledge that Francisco Pizarro conquered the Incas in Peru, but he also founded a city there. What was its name?

Answer: Lima

The modern day capital and largest city in Peru, Lima, was founded by Pizarro in 1535. Originally named "Ciudad de los Reyes", Lima was designated as the capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru and was an important center of the Spanish trading network in the New World. Pizarro was eventually assassinated in Lima, and is buried in the Lima Cathedral.
2. Commonly believed to be the first famous European to see the Pacific Ocean from its eastern shore, Vasco Nunez de Balboa, had to cross what stretch of land to get there?

Answer: Isthmus of Panama

At the time of Balboa's expedition in 1513, the Pacific Ocean was named the "South Sea", or "Mar del Sur", because the conquistadors had traveled south to reach it. Balboa and his men crossed the Isthmus of Panama in about a month's time after being spurred on by tales of a new kingdom rich in gold. Told by Native Americans that they would be able to see the great sea from the top of a mountain, Balboa pushed ahead, and viewed the water. On his famous circumnavigation expedition Ferdinand Magellan gave the sea its present name.
3. Ponce de Leon famously searched for the Fountain of Youth in Florida. He also discovered which current, which became the common route for traveling from the Caribbean Sea to Spain?

Answer: Gulf Stream

The Gulf Stream originates off the tip of Florida and continues up the eastern coastline of the United States to Newfoundland; it influences the climate of the entire area. On August 22, 1513, Ponce de Leon noted in his journal, "A current such that, although they had great wind, they could not proceed forward, but backward and it seems that they were proceeding well; at the end it was known that the current was more powerful than the wind."
4. Which conquistador was the first European to explore what is now the American Southwest? He was looking for the mythical "Seven Cities of Gold", but members of his expedition became the first Europeans to see the Grand Canyon.

Answer: Francisco Coronado

Coronado's expedition covered quite a bit of ground from modern day Kansas to Mexico. García López de Cárdenas, one of his captains, and a small group of men are considered to be the first Europeans to view the south rim of the Grand Canyon. Three men were ordered to travel into the Canyon with their native guides, but returned after completing only about a third of the trip.

They reported that some of the stones they encountered were "bigger than the great tower of Seville". It took two hundred more years before another group of Spanish explorers and priests traveled to the area while looking for a route between New Mexico and California.
5. Hernando de Soto is known for exploring parts of Florida. However, he also explored which great river where he was eventually buried?

Answer: Mississippi River

De Soto's expedition was looking for gold and silver, as well as a passage to Asia, when they came across the Mississippi River, which was a huge obstacle to overcome. It took about a month for his group of four hundred to cross the river; it is believed the crossing occurred near present-day Memphis, Tennessee. De Soto had made claims to Native Americans he encountered that he was a sun god; when he died in 1542, his men concealed his death, according to some sources, by weighing his body with sand and sinking it in the middle of the river.
6. Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo alongside Hernando Cortes in the conquest of Mexico, and later was the first European to sail to which modern state, where many Spanish missions were founded, on the western coast of the United States?

Answer: California

Sources disagree regarding the nationality of Cabrillo; some claim he was Portuguese, while others say he was Spanish. He made his exploration to California while in the service of Spain; in fact, he had served under Cortes in Mexico before being assigned to explore the Pacific coast, to look for a trade route to Asia, as well as trading opportunities.

The expedition lasted five months, reaching present-day Point Reyes, which is about thirty miles northwest of San Francisco, before Cabrillo received an injury that eventually caused his death.
7. With a name meaning "head of a cow", which conquistador was among the first Europeans to explore Texas?

Answer: Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca

Part of an ill-fated expedition led by Pamfilo de Narvaez in 1527, de Vaca was one of four men out of the three hundred who began the journey to survive. He and his companions, Etevanico, Alonzo del Castillo Maldonado, and Andres Dorantes de Carranza, were initially kept as slaves by Native Americans, but they escaped and traveled through the Southwest, exploring Texas and Mexico for eight years before finally finding Spanish settlements and eventually returning to Spain. Later he returned to New Spain as the "adelantado" or governor of modern-day Argentina, and is known for leaving behind many detailed accounts of natives he encountered.
8. Which conquistador is believed to have held the first Thanksgiving festival in America, twenty-three years before the Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth Rock?

Answer: Juan de Oñate

In 1595, King Philip II of Spain requested that Juan de Oñate lead an expedition for the purpose of colonizing the northern area of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, and spreading Roman Catholicism by establishing new missions there. In 1598, after crossing the Rio Grande River near present day El Paso, Texas, he held a festival to give thanks. Best known for establishing the Spanish colony of New Mexico, Oñate had an interesting family connection.

He was married to Isabel de Tolosa Cortes Moctezuma, the granddaughter of Hernando Cortez, and great-granddaughter of Aztec Emperor Moctezuma Xocoyotzin, who is also known as Montezuma II.
9. Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon explored the eastern coast of North America, and founded the settlement of San Miguel de Guandape in an area that would become which first successful English colony in North America over eighty years later?

Answer: Jamestown

It may be surprising to think of the Spanish colonizing as far north as Jamestown, but they did! The Spanish government was interested in finding a Northwest Passage to Asia, and they didn't want to miss it. Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon explored the James River and Chesapeake Bay, and was granted the land he discovered by King Charles V of Spain.

In 1526 he established a short-lived colony called San Miguel de Guadalupe, which is considered to be the first on the continental USA.
10. Whose expedition proved that the Gulf of Mexico was not a passage to Asia, and mapped the coastal areas of modern day Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas in 1519?

Answer: Alonso Álvarez de Pineda

The expedition of Alonso Álvarez de Pineda was financed by Francisco de Garay, the governor of Jamaica. He wished to create a boundry between the land that had already been claimed by Hernando Cortes and the land he wanted to claim for Garay. Although the original plan of claiming land for Garay had to be abandoned due to the declaration of Cortes that he had already claimed all of the land, the expedition accomplished quite a lot.

It proved that Florida was not an island, but a peninsula, and mapped for the first time the Gulf Coast of present day United States.
Source: Author ponycargirl

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor bloomsby before going online.
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