Quiz about Early Scottish Royals
Quiz about Early Scottish Royals

Early Scottish Royals Trivia Quiz


The Scottish monarchs are more than a bunch of guys named "James". See what you know about earlier Scottish monarchs.

A photo quiz by bernie73. Estimated time: 3 mins.
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Author
bernie73
Time
3 mins
Type
Photo Quiz
Quiz #
407,291
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Easy
Avg Score
8 / 10
Plays
157
Awards
Top 35% Quiz
photo quiz
1. Though modern historians consider Kenneth I MacAlpin the first King of Scotland, he never used that title himself, though he used several others. Which title was not claimed by Kenneth? Hint

King of Powys
King of Alba
King of Dal Riata
King of the Picts

photo quiz
2. During the reign of Constantine I, attacks on Scotland by which group of outside people increased greatly? Hint

Maygars
Bulgars
Franks
Vikings

photo quiz
3. Malcolm II is considered the final member of House Alpin. Which King of England entered Scotland at the head of an army in 1031, forcing Malcolm to deal with him? Hint

Edward the Confessor
Canute the Great
William the Conqueror
Ethelred the Unready

photo quiz
4. One of the best known of the Kings of Scotland was MacBeth. Before he became King of Scotland, which title did he hold? Hint

Earl of Ross
Marquees of Tweeddale
Duke of Argyll
Mormaer of Moray

photo quiz
5. Coming to power not long after the death of MacBeth was Malcolm III, son of Duncan II. What is the literal translation of his nickname "Canmore"? Hint

Big Head
Sharp Blade
Empty Cloak
Long Shanks

photo quiz
6. Though he spent much of his childhood in Scotland, to which country was David I exiled while still a child? Hint

England
Ireland
Norway
France

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7. William I (1165-1214), known as "Garbh" or "the Rough", had one of the longest reigns in Scottish history. After which "rough" mammal was William later known? Hint

Boar
Lion
Bear
Wolf

photo quiz
8. One accomplishment of Alexander III was the Treaty of Perth (1266) with Norway. Which territory was transferred from Norway to Scotland by this treaty? Hint

Isle of Lundy
Shetland Islands
Western Isles
Orkney Islands

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9. One Scottish monarch whose status is uncertain is Margaret, granddaughter of Alexander III. With which country is she usually associated? Hint

Sweden
Norway
Denmark
Finland

photo quiz
10. According to legend, the building efforts of which creature inspired Robert the Bruce to continue the fight for Scottish independence? Hint

Beaver
Ant
Eagle
Spider


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Though modern historians consider Kenneth I MacAlpin the first King of Scotland, he never used that title himself, though he used several others. Which title was not claimed by Kenneth?

Answer: King of Powys

Alba would have been used as the name for what is now Scotland. Kenneth (843-858) also claimed to rule over the Picts, a people who lived in northern Scotland as well as Dal Riata (a kingdom in western Scotland and far northern Ireland). Powys is located in what is now Wales. Some sources describe Kenneth as a lawmaker though there is little record of the specific laws passed. Other sources claim that Kenneth was the founded of the dynasty that would united Scotland after his death.

The picture shows a Whale, suggesting that Whales and Wales sound alike.
2. During the reign of Constantine I, attacks on Scotland by which group of outside people increased greatly?

Answer: Vikings

Constantine I (962-877) would have considered himself King of the Picts. Vikings, attacking not only from Scandinavia, but also parts of Ireland and England, would have been a particular threat during his reign. Scotland, like England had to periodically fight off Viking attacks, more or less successfully. It is believed the Constantine died leading his forces against one such invasion.

The picture shows a Viking longship.
3. Malcolm II is considered the final member of House Alpin. Which King of England entered Scotland at the head of an army in 1031, forcing Malcolm to deal with him?

Answer: Canute the Great

Canute the Great (1016-1035) was the English who led the army into Scotland. During the Middle Ages, Scottish kings were often force to subordinate themselves somewhat to English Kings. In the case of Malcolm II (1005-1034), this may have been amplified by a previous incident. Some historians suggest that previously at the coronation of Holy Roman Emperor Conrad II, Malcolm have publicly snubbed Canute, giving a bit of an edge to their later meeting.

The picture shows a can, which looks a bit like the start of Canute's name.
4. One of the best known of the Kings of Scotland was MacBeth. Before he became King of Scotland, which title did he hold?

Answer: Mormaer of Moray

Though all of these are actual titles of nobility in Scotland, MacBeth became Mormaer of Moray in 1032 after defeating the previous holder of the title. The Shakespearean play "MacBeth" gives a somewhat misleading view of his reign. Unlike the elderly man in the play, Duncan, predecessor of MacBeth, was only a few years older than MacBeth. As opposed to the short, turbulent reign of MacBeth, his reign (1040-1057) was mostly peaceful. In the play, MacBeth was called "Thane of Cawdor". Although MacBeth fought and defeated the Thane of Cawdor (yes, it was a real title), he never held the title itself.

The picture shows an eel which might get you thinking about a "moray eel".
5. Coming to power not long after the death of MacBeth was Malcolm III, son of Duncan II. What is the literal translation of his nickname "Canmore"?

Answer: Big Head

The nickname of Malcolm III (1058-1093), Canmore, literally translates as "big head", though it usually is rendered a bit more elegantly as "great chief". Though he spent some time as a child in exile in England, that did not prevent Malcolm from interfering in English politics later by indirectly supporting Harald Hardrada's invasion of England in 1066. Malcolm appears as a secondary character in Shakespeare's play "MacBeth".

The picture shows a large top hat, which might sit on a big head.
6. Though he spent much of his childhood in Scotland, to which country was David I exiled while still a child?

Answer: England

David I (1124-1153) was exiled temporarily to England when he was about nine (in 1093) after his Uncle Donald claimed the throne. He also spent some time at the court of Henry I (1100-1135) of England, where was influenced by Anglo-French culture. What he learned there would influence the ways that David attempted to shape Scotland once he became king, including the introduction of feudalism.

The picture shows the flag of England.
7. William I (1165-1214), known as "Garbh" or "the Rough", had one of the longest reigns in Scottish history. After which "rough" mammal was William later known?

Answer: Lion

After his lifetime, William I was known as "the Lion". This was because of his personal standard, a red lion on a yellow background. A skilled military leader, William was known for his strong physical and emotional qualities. He was involved in a number of actions on both sides of the border with England. William also founded Arbroath Abbey and worked at clarifying Scottish criminal law.

The picture shows an outline of Africa, which is the continent where most lions are located.
8. One accomplishment of Alexander III was the Treaty of Perth (1266) with Norway. Which territory was transferred from Norway to Scotland by this treaty?

Answer: Western Isles

Alexander III (1249-1286) became king of Scotland shortly before his eighth birthday. In addition to gaining the Western Isles (or Outer Hebrides) by therms of the treaty, Scotland also gained control of the Isle of Man. Ultimately, however, his reign ended sadly with all of his children predeceasing him and Alexander being succeeded by his grandduaghter.

The very simple compass rose in the picture has the western arrow emphasized.
9. One Scottish monarch whose status is uncertain is Margaret, granddaughter of Alexander III. With which country is she usually associated?

Answer: Norway

Margaret (1286-1290) is usually described as the Maid of Norway. Her mother, Margaret, was the daughter of Alexander III of Scotland. The elder Margaret was married to King Eric II of Norway. When Alexander died in 1286, the younger Margaret was his only surviving descendant. Margaret stayed in Norway for most her life and died at the age of seven and never actually reached Scotland. Since she was not crowned, historians debate whether she should actually being considered Queen of Scotland or not.

The picture shows the modern flag of Norway.
10. According to legend, the building efforts of which creature inspired Robert the Bruce to continue the fight for Scottish independence?

Answer: Spider

During the earlier part of the reign of Robert the Bruce (1306-1329), the English had a heavy presence in Scotland. While leading the fight for Scottish independence, he reached a point where he began to wonder if this goal was worth all of his efforts and the deaths of so many of his supporters. While hiding in a cave on an island off the coast of Scotland, Robert saw a spider working on a web. Even though the spider fell to the ground several times, it climbed back up each time to continue working on the web. This example of determination is said to have inspired Robert to continue the fight.

Hopefully, the image of a spider web suggested "spider" to you.
Source: Author bernie73

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor LeoDaVinci before going online.
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