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1. Julius Caesar's enmity with Pompey reached a critical point at a battle in which city in central Greece? Although it did not end the civil war, Caesar's victory was instrumental in securing his power.
2. Caesar's adopted son Octavian came to power by defeating the armies of Mark Antony and Cleopatra. Which name, meaning "revered personage", did the senators bestow upon him?
3. Tiberius's rule was so tyrannical that the Roman people rejoiced at his death. Who was his nephew and adopted son, a military commander and popular candidate to succeed his domineering uncle?
4. The next emperor had a reign of just under four years, which ended when he was murdered by a tribune of the Praetorian Guard during a gladiatorial show. Who is he, the man perhaps most famous for allegedly making his horse a senator?
5. Claudius's private life caused some scandal in Rome while he ruled. His much younger (third) wife, Messalina, took lovers, and even had a mock wedding with one of them while her husband was away. Like his predecessor, he was murdered, but by whom?
6. Nero is perhaps the most infamous of Roman emperors, and there is no shortage of information about his many misdeeds, which include the murder of his mother Agrippina, false accusations of adultery against his wife Claudia Octavia, whom he then divorced, and also the fire of Rome that prompted Nero to scapegoat the Christians. Which tribe of Britain revolted against the Roman rule in Nero's reign, led by Boudicca?
7. Civil war again plagued Rome following the suicide of Nero, and AD 69 is known as the Year of the Four Emperors, so brief were the reigns of the next leaders. Which of these men was governor of Hispania Tarraconesis, and was proclaimed emperor shortly before Nero was deposed by the senate?
8. Otho was the second of the Four Emperors of AD 69, with a reign of about three months. At which of these battles was he defeated by his political opponent, Vitellius, outside the city of Cremona?
9. Vitellius's reign, at approximately eight months, lasted slightly longer than those of his two predecessors. However, he was described negatively by most writers, and rumor abounded that he starved his own mother to death after hearing of a prophecy that he would have a long reign if his mother predeceased him! He banned people of which occupation from Rome, later executing them?
10. Vespasian was known for his military prowess, having been a commander under Claudius. Today he is particularly famous for ordering the erection of the Colosseum. Of which dynasty was he the first of three emperors?
Source: Author reeshy
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