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Royalty & Monarchs Trivia

Royalty & Monarchs Trivia Quizzes

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No commoners allowed here. Only quizzes on kings and queens, princes and princesses with the odd Emperor and Grand Duke thrown in for good measure. Good, bad and downright ugly, they are all here.
756 quizzes and 10,584 trivia questions.
1.
  A King Fit For a Commonwealth    
Collection Quiz
 10 Qns
Welcome! In this quiz, you are tasked with picking ten royals who were chosen to reign over the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from the middle of the 16th century to the end of the 18th. Enjoy!
Average, 10 Qns, DeepHistory, May 26 24
Average
DeepHistory gold member
May 26 24
72 plays
2.
  Not So Fun For a Second Son    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
In modern times, the order of our birth doesn't have much at all to do with what we achieve in life. It wasn't always so. How much do you about the second sons of royalty?
Difficult, 10 Qns, Obscenic, Sep 30 12
Difficult
Obscenic
377 plays
3.
  Dynasties    
Label Quiz
 13 Qns
How much do you know about the royal houses that have ruled over Europe throughout the centuries? Test your knowledge of past and present European dynasties with this label quiz!
Average, 13 Qns, LadyNym, Oct 05 23
Average
LadyNym gold member
Oct 05 23
417 plays
4.
Whos Who  Christmas Coronations
  Who's Who: Christmas Coronations   top quiz  
Photo Quiz
 10 Qns
During the Middle Ages it was common for monarchs to have their coronation on Christmas Day, as it was viewed as receiving God's validation of their rule, as well as strengthening their power of divine right. See if you can identify some of these rulers.
Average, 10 Qns, ponycargirl, Dec 29 21
Average
ponycargirl editor
Dec 29 21
544 plays
5.
  Stately Mates: Match The Consort   best quiz  
Match Quiz
 10 Qns
Throughout history, there has been a multitude of royal heads of state and their consorts. Some made history - or were infamous - together. Can you correctly match these stately husbands and wives?
Very Easy, 10 Qns, ponycargirl, May 01 17
Very Easy
ponycargirl editor
1631 plays
6.
Sultans of Yesterday and Today
  Sultans of Yesterday and Today   best quiz  
Photo Quiz
 10 Qns
Sultan is a title used over many years by rulers in Islamic states, sometimes equated to a caliph, but with claims to political rather than spiritual dominion, and sometimes more effectively governors than kings. Here are some sultans of interest.
Average, 10 Qns, looney_tunes, Jul 04 15
Average
looney_tunes editor
1507 plays
7.
  Of Titles and the Lack Thereof   best quiz  
Match Quiz
 10 Qns
These royal people are lacking their titles - can you restore them appropriately? To avoid any ambiguity, the dates of birth and death are included for each person. Some lengthy titles have been shortened.
Very Easy, 10 Qns, looney_tunes, Jan 07 18
Very Easy
looney_tunes editor
Jan 07 18
1070 plays
8.
  Great Rulers   popular trivia quiz  
Ordering Quiz
 10 Qns
The following ten political leaders have all been deemed by history to be "Great". Can you place them in order by when they were alive and being great?
Average, 10 Qns, parrotman2006, Feb 02 23
Average
parrotman2006 gold member
Feb 02 23
285 plays
9.
A Family Affair
  A Family Affair   great trivia quiz  
Classification Quiz
 12 Qns
While today only a handful of European nations are monarchies, in years gone by monarchy was the dominant form of government. Can you put this list of European royal houses into the right category of "current" or "defunct"?
Average, 12 Qns, Red_John, Oct 26 22
Average
Red_John
Oct 26 22
358 plays
10.
  Pharaohs, Tsars, Emperors, Kings and Queens   great trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
A simple quiz to introduce you to the different Pharaohs, Emperors,Tsars, Kings and Queens who left their marks on history.
Average, 10 Qns, Jaffas85, Mar 18 09
Average
Jaffas85
10364 plays
trivia question Quick Question
What King of Wessex defeated the Danes and was known as the "Great"?

From Quiz "Royal Survey"




11.
  Reign of Love   best quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Throughout history, royals often married for political reasons instead of for love, but there were exceptions. Here are ten couples who managed to pull off a romance, even if they didn't all make it to a happy ending.
Average, 10 Qns, CellarDoor, Mar 03 11
Average
CellarDoor gold member
2018 plays
12.
  I Just Can't Wait to be King   best quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Imagine waiting all your life for your chance to be top dog, with a throne and all the paraphernalia that comes with it. Then, no sooner have you donned the robes of state than your reign is over. Here are ten of the shortest serving monarchs in history.
Average, 10 Qns, Snowman, Mar 12 15
Average
Snowman gold member
2404 plays
13.
  Help those Kings Find their Queens!    
Match Quiz
 10 Qns
In this quiz, you are given the names of ten famous monarchs in history. Your task is to match them correctly to their Queens. Enjoy!
Easier, 10 Qns, DeepHistory, Apr 01 16
Easier
DeepHistory gold member
958 plays
14.
  The Last King   best quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Several former kingdoms and empires have moved from being ruled by monarchies to other democratic forms of governance. This quiz takes a look at the end of these monarchies.
Easier, 10 Qns, zorba_scank, Jun 12 14
Easier
zorba_scank gold member
897 plays
15.
  My Brilliant Career   great trivia quiz  
Match Quiz
 10 Qns
This quiz takes a look at a few 'brilliants' or jewels with a bit of a story behind them. A second common link is that they all have links to European royalty. Your task is to connect the jewel to the royal from the clue(s) given.
Easier, 10 Qns, suomy, May 14 20
Easier
suomy
May 14 20
400 plays
16.
  Best of the Best: Ancient Greats   top quiz  
Match Quiz
 10 Qns
Throughout history there have been many leaders called "Great". Let's take a look at some of their accomplishments!
Easier, 10 Qns, ponycargirl, Aug 02 16
Easier
ponycargirl editor
609 plays
17.
  Murder Most Royal   best quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Murder, that most horrible of crimes, doesn't seem as if it should be connected with royalty, yet kings, queens and the lesser nobility have all done their share of killing, and been killed, from the earliest recorded histories until the present.
Average, 10 Qns, Calpurnia09, Nov 16 09
Average
Calpurnia09
2055 plays
18.
  Major European Dynasties   best quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
How many of these ruling houses can you identify with the nation or nations they ruled?
Average, 10 Qns, shvdotr, May 24 17
Average
shvdotr gold member
474 plays
19.
  A Right Royal Mix-Up    
Match Quiz
 10 Qns
These European kings and queens have lost their country and it is up to you to match them up together. Good luck!
Easier, 10 Qns, Plodd, Jul 02 20
Easier
Plodd
Jul 02 20
506 plays
20.
  World's Longest Reigning Monarchs editor best quiz   best quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Let us travel through the annals of history to discover the most superlative and illustrious reigns of various monarchs throughout the world.
Difficult, 10 Qns, thejazzkickazz, Nov 05 17
Difficult
thejazzkickazz gold member
Nov 05 17
7085 plays
21.
  A Crown of Swords   popular trivia quiz  
Match Quiz
 10 Qns
A match quiz about monarchs from different eras whose power and reputation was based on military might as well as other factors. How many of them do you recognize?
Average, 10 Qns, LadyNym, Oct 10 17
Average
LadyNym gold member
Oct 10 17
819 plays
22.
  They Came From The East   best quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
The Magi, otherwise known as the Three Wise Men or the Three Kings, 'came from the East' at Christmas time. This quiz is about ten 'wise' kings, or similarly titled rulers, whose eastern credentials probably depend on where in the world you live...
Average, 10 Qns, Fifiona81, Jun 23 14
Average
Fifiona81 editor
609 plays
23.
  Give An Inch, You're a Ruler!   great trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Can you match the correct title with the person or people who held it?
Very Easy, 10 Qns, nyirene330, Aug 14 15
Very Easy
nyirene330
723 plays
24.
  I'm a Man, Not a Boy   great trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
All the monarchs in this quiz became ruler at a very young age. They may have been boys at the time, but their positions made them leaders among men.
Average, 10 Qns, rossian, May 05 20
Average
rossian editor
May 05 20
449 plays
25.
  Famous Monarchs    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
There have been rulers whose names we'll never know. Some however, became (in)famous and are remembered. I tried to cover as many periods and cultures as I could in a short quiz.
Easier, 10 Qns, iammyself, Mar 18 16
Easier
iammyself
2832 plays
26.
  Forgotten Royalty   top quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Whether hidden away because of illness, ousted by revolutions or otherwise relegated to obscurity, the royal personages in this quiz are not the subject of the same kind of scrutiny as Princes William and Harry. See what you know about them.
Average, 10 Qns, spanishliz, Apr 23 18
Average
spanishliz editor
Apr 23 18
407 plays
27.
  Interesting Royal Nicknames   best quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Everyone always talks about rulers with nicknames like 'The Great' or 'The Magnificent', but less is said about others with much more interesting sobriquets. This quiz will provide equal time for those other fellows...good luck!
Tough, 10 Qns, thejazzkickazz, Nov 24 16
Tough
thejazzkickazz gold member
2375 plays
28.
  Kings and their Kingdoms   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
How well do you know past Kings and their Kingdoms?
Average, 10 Qns, sonstoo2, Apr 09 16
Average
sonstoo2
6070 plays
29.
  Royal Rogues Attempt to Defend themselves   great trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This is how I imagined ten royal rogues would defend their actions, in modern language. Some were horrible people, while others were victims of their time, or of bad luck.
Average, 10 Qns, Pele, Aug 06 22
Average
Pele
Aug 06 22
273 plays
30.
  Modern Royal Families   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This quiz explores the modern royal families of the world.
Average, 10 Qns, Maiguy, Jun 17 14
Average
Maiguy
2208 plays
31.
  The Character Beneath the Crown   top quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Pick the historic ruler from the clues. I'll give you some rather lesser known facts about kings, queens or emperors of days gone by, and you guess from the choices who I am describing.
Tough, 10 Qns, fringe, Aug 04 07
Tough
fringe gold member
1877 plays
32.
  Tales Told about Kings    
Match Quiz
 10 Qns
Some of the tales told about kings are more legend than fact, yet they're what we remember long after we've forgotten all the really important stuff we learned about them in history classes. Can you match the king with the tale told about him?
Average, 10 Qns, Cymruambyth, Jul 27 18
Average
Cymruambyth gold member
Jul 27 18
217 plays
33.
  Monarchies Around the World   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
A trip around the royal world with questions pertaining to ten different monarchies...
Tough, 10 Qns, EnglishJedi, Jun 15 15
Tough
EnglishJedi gold member
422 plays
34.
  The King is Dead - Long Live the King    
Match Quiz
 10 Qns
... except that she was a queen. In this quiz they are all European queens regnant (queens ruling in their own right rather than as consorts). How well do you know your monarchs? Your task is to match the king to the queen who succeeded him.
Average, 10 Qns, suomy, Oct 16 16
Average
suomy
347 plays
35.
  World Royal Families   great trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This is a quiz about modern world monarchs and their families. See how much you know and what can learn!
Tough, 10 Qns, ballykissangel, Jun 22 13
Tough
ballykissangel
2777 plays
36.
  That's Nasty!   great trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
I love my relatives but there's nothing you could do that would induce me to marry any of them. For royalty, however, family relationships have a habit of getting a little closer than for the rest of us are comfortable with!
Average, 10 Qns, lorance79, Aug 20 12
Average
lorance79
597 plays
37.
  More Color Me Purple: People "Born in the Purple"    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
People born into reigning families or the privileged classes may be dubbed "Born in the Purple", but they have no guarantee of a comfortable life. How many are you able to unearth from the following ten questions?
Average, 10 Qns, moonraker2, May 28 19
Average
moonraker2 gold member
May 28 19
367 plays
38.
  Little Black Project: Raven Rulers   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Can we write ten quizzes on one single colour? Yes we can, we already did. But here's another grand offering by Team Blue - what do you know about these Raven Rulers?
Average, 10 Qns, lones78, Jul 01 19
Average
lones78 gold member
Jul 01 19
199 plays
39.
  Heir Today, Gone Tomorrow   great trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Assassinations, coups, deaths and abdications are but a few reasons for the line of succession to be changed or interrupted.
Average, 10 Qns, spice2, Jul 30 09
Average
spice2
881 plays
40.
  Good Night, Sweet Prince   popular trivia quiz  
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Being the ruler of a nation can be quite stressful. Not only does one have to worry about keeping the realm together, but sometimes one has to worry about conspiring advisers, ambitious cousins, aggressive neighbors, and popular revolts.
Average, 10 Qns, Avalice, Nov 16 13
Average
Avalice
441 plays
41.
  'Twas the Night Before....    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
I've been peeking through the diaries of some famous royals, looking at the entries they made the night before a momentous event in their life. History has proved some of their entries to be a little on the optimistic side!
Average, 10 Qns, supersal1, Feb 22 15
Average
supersal1
400 plays
42.
  European Royalty    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
How much do you know about continental Europe's royalty?
Average, 10 Qns, bridget3, Oct 24 13
Average
bridget3
3709 plays
43.
  The Answer is Always Friedrich and/or Wilhem    
Match Quiz
 10 Qns
The Hohenzollern dynasty didn't have much creativity when naming the monarchs of Prussia. See if you match the correct Friedrich, Friedrich Wilhelm, or Wilhelm with the description.
Tough, 10 Qns, bernie73, Aug 13 21
Tough
bernie73 gold member
Aug 13 21
118 plays
44.
  The History of European Royalty III    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
"Think no more of it, John; you are only a child who has had evil counsellors" - Richard I to his brother, Prince John.
Tough, 10 Qns, jessica83, Oct 09 13
Tough
jessica83
1053 plays
45.
  Royal Kissing Cousins    
Multiple Choice
 20 Qns
Plenty of 19th and 20th century royals were inter-related, usually through Queen Victoria or Christian IX of Denmark. See how much you know.
Tough, 20 Qns, LiamR, Aug 27 13
Tough
LiamR
731 plays
46.
  Royal Recreation    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Everyone needs a bit of diversion and relaxation. Royalty is no exception! Let's take a look back in history and see how some let their royal hair down.
Tough, 10 Qns, sally0malley, Dec 14 14
Tough
sally0malley gold member
478 plays
47.
  Meet the Royals    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Ladies and Gentlemen, Your attention please for a selection of royals through the ages.
Average, 10 Qns, Fiachra, Aug 26 17
Average
Fiachra
Aug 26 17
2069 plays
48.
  Mighty Monarchs X (Birth and Death)    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Mighty Monarchs X covers a few interesting births and alot of deaths associated with various monarchs throughout history. Enjoy and good luck!
Difficult, 10 Qns, hund, Nov 08 11
Difficult
hund
963 plays
49.
  Monarchs    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This quiz is about monarchs from several countries. Hope you enjoy it.
Average, 10 Qns, Serenesh, Mar 27 19
Average
Serenesh gold member
Mar 27 19
334 plays
50.
  King Again    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
A follow-up to my "King Twice Over" quiz, this quiz will again focus on monarchs who have reigned in more than one country. I hope you enjoy it as much as the last one and that it's not too obscure.
Tough, 10 Qns, alan03, Jun 06 17
Tough
alan03
684 plays
51.
  Why Me? Kings Who Died In Unfortunate Accidents    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
Many kings die before their time is up, whether from war, disease, or more interesting causes. This is a quiz about 10 kings who met their deaths in unusual ways.
Average, 10 Qns, rahul0, Oct 23 17
Average
rahul0 gold member
Oct 23 17
425 plays
52.
  Never King    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
How well do you know these heirs who should have been, but never were, kings and the people who took their place?
Average, 10 Qns, alan03, Jun 10 17
Average
alan03
677 plays
53.
  Kissing Cousins    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
It seems that there has always been a history of intermarriage amongst royalty around the world. Here are some questions about some royal intermarriages in the past, although there are many, many more. Good luck!
Average, 10 Qns, Trivia_Fan54, Aug 30 20
Average
Trivia_Fan54 gold member
Aug 30 20
217 plays
54.
  The History of European Royalty IV    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
"When I am dead and opened you shall find 'Calais' lying in my heart" - Queen Mary I Tudor of England.
Tough, 10 Qns, jessica83, Aug 01 09
Tough
jessica83
903 plays
55.
  Oh, Henry! O, Henri! Ach, Heinrich!    
Multiple Choice
 15 Qns
More than a few Holy Roman Emperors and Kings of England and France share the name Henry (or Henri or Heinrich). This quiz will help you to know which Henry is which.
Tough, 15 Qns, hiendohar, Mar 25 09
Tough
hiendohar
804 plays
56.
  The History of European Royalty VI    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
"Since I tried on principle to please the people with whom I live, I adopted their habits and customs, I wished to be Russian in order to be liked by the Russians." - Catherine II the Great
Tough, 10 Qns, jessica83, Oct 06 04
Tough
jessica83
632 plays
57.
  The History of European Royalty II    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
"I know my own heart to be entirely English" - Queen Anne of England.
Tough, 10 Qns, jessica83, Aug 07 13
Tough
jessica83
877 plays
58.
  Famous Royalty Quotes    
Multiple Choice
 15 Qns
Here are a number of famous quotes made by royalty. See if you can guess who they were said by, or about!
Tough, 15 Qns, LiamR, Nov 01 11
Tough
LiamR
803 plays
59.
  Royal Relativity    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
In this quiz, I'm going to give you two royal personages, and you have to tell me in what way they were related either by blood or by marriage.
Tough, 10 Qns, queenlibre, Jan 30 04
Tough
queenlibre
1153 plays
60.
  20th Century Monarchs    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This quiz is about some 20th century monarchs.
Tough, 10 Qns, Ro55no9, Oct 04 13
Tough
Ro55no9
1089 plays
61.
  The History of European Royalty I    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
"A majesty was he that both lived and died a pattern in prince hood, the more highly exalted in his life, the more deeply lamented at his death, and famous to the world always" - Raphael Holinshed about Henry V of England.
Average, 10 Qns, jessica83, Nov 09 11
Average
jessica83
883 plays
62.
  Numbering Monarchs (Regnal Numbers)    
Multiple Choice
 15 Qns
There are a few famous monarchs whose name surpasses their regnal number, but do you know them?
Average, 15 Qns, theskink, Jul 05 10
Average
theskink
390 plays
63.
  Name That Monarchy    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
A look at the world's current monarchies.
Average, 10 Qns, vendome, Oct 28 15
Average
vendome
3852 plays
64.
  Pretender to the Throne    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
The demise of many monarchies left in their wake those who were cheated of their thrones. The pretenders of Europe's thrones still exist today and in some cases, there is more than one per throne.
Tough, 10 Qns, jessica83, Jan 10 22
Tough
jessica83
Jan 10 22
477 plays
65.
  My Nickname, please...    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
The world of the royal courts was in practice very similar one to another. Most kings took the names that were classic for the area where they reigned. In that mess of names and numbers, what distinguishes one from the other is their nickname. Good luck!
Difficult, 10 Qns, Salahuddin, Feb 15 08
Difficult
Salahuddin
924 plays
66.
  Well Established Royal Epithets    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
This quiz is about some unique royal epithets or nicknames, mainly of medieval monarchs. Some of these nicknames were given at the time, while others seem to have been given much later. Have fun!
Average, 10 Qns, GodisKing, Aug 18 13
Average
GodisKing
631 plays
67.
  The History of European Royalty V    
Multiple Choice
 10 Qns
"When [Elizabeth] smiled, it was pure sunshine, that everyone did choose to bask in, if they could. But anon came a storm from a sudden gatherinng of clouds, and the thunder fell in wondorous manner on all alike" - Sir John Hayward about Elizabeth I
Difficult, 10 Qns, jessica83, Nov 07 12
Difficult
jessica83
664 plays

Royalty & Monarchs Trivia Questions

1. How did the infamous Roman emperor Nero ultimately die?

From Quiz
Little Black Project: Raven Rulers

Answer: He was killed by his secretary at his own request

Emperor Nero (a name meaning "black", although it is not known why it was chosen as a regnal name for him) was the last of the five Julio-Claudean emperors, the line that had started with Augustus. His reign was characterised by an iron fist and a lavish lifestyle, anecdotally documented by the claim that he played the fiddle while Rome burned in the Great Fire of 64 AD. While this is likely untrue, Nero exploited the fire to claim prime real estate upon which to build a lavish palace. When he was declared an enemy and condemned to death in 68 AD, he chose to suicide but could not actually manage to do the deed himself, so he commanded his secretary to kill him. (Question provided by WesleyCrusher)

2. What was the name of the last emperor of China?

From Quiz Monarchs

Answer: Puyi

Puyi was born in 1906 in Beijing. He was crowned emperor at the age of three, and cried most of the way through the ceremony. Although he could not rule at such an early age he was treated very much as an emperor with servants bowing to him and obeying his commands.

3. In 1511, which wife of Henry VIII bore him a son, who might have changed the course of history, had he survived past infancy?

From Quiz Forgotten Royalty

Answer: Catherine of Aragon

Had Henry, Duke of Cornwall been a healthy child, his father might never have sought a divorce from Catherine; never fathered Mary, Elizabeth and Edward; never established the Church of England. How different might British history have been if the boy had not died before he was two months old? He did, however, die after just 52 days, and history unfolded without him, with each of his younger surviving siblings ruling in their turn, as his father married and discarded his various wives. Amongst all of the turmoil that followed, the infant Henry is often forgotten.

4. All of us want to prolong our lives, and this king was no different. Hoping to become immortal, he overdosed on mercury pills prescribed by his advisors. Who was this king?

From Quiz Why Me? Kings Who Died In Unfortunate Accidents

Answer: Qin Shi Huang

As he aged, Qin Shi Huang became desperate to prevent his death, trying various elixirs to make himself immortal. One of these elixirs contained mercury, which is toxic to the human body. After overdosing on these pills, the king died.

5. What was the title given to both Richelieu and Thomas Wolsey?

From Quiz Give An Inch, You're a Ruler!

Answer: Cardinal

Armand Jean du Plesis de Richelieu or Cardinal Richelieu (1555-1642) was a French clergyman and statesman who was the chief advisor of Louis XIII, the King of France from 1624 through 1642. Thomas Wolsey (or Woolsey) was an English political figure and Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church after Henry VIII became King of England in 1509. Wolsey served as Henry's chief minister from 1515 to 1529.

6. Emperor Leo VI reigned from 886 to 912AD, with his education gaining him the name 'the Wise' or 'the Philosopher'. Of what eastern empire was he the emperor?

From Quiz They Came From The East

Answer: Byzantine

Leo was the second Byzantine Emperor of the Macedonian dynasty. The Byzantine Empire emerged from the eastern portion of the Roman Empire in the mid-5th century and existed for over one thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1453. The capital of the empire was the city of Byzantium, which is now known as Istanbul and is located in modern day Turkey. Leo's parentage is unclear, with both Emperor Basil I and Emperor Michael III being named as potential fathers. Whatever the truth was, he succeeded Basil as emperor and reigned with mixed success in both his domestic and foreign policy. One particularly controversial issue during Leo's reign was the fact he had a total of four wives, in a place and a time when marrying for a third time was considered illegal!

7. After a day of hunting, horseback riding and archery, which Frankish king (sometimes called the Father of Europe) was known to bathe in the warm springs of Aachen?

From Quiz Royal Recreation

Answer: Charlemagne

Charlemagne, also known as Charles the Great, was a skilled military strategist. He spent much of his reign engaged in warfare in order to accomplish his goal: unite all Germanic peoples into one kingdom, and convert his subjects to Christianity. When he died in 814, Charlemagne's empire encompassed much of Western Europe, and he had also ensured the survival of Christianity in the west. Aachen was originally a Roman spa called Aquisgranum. Charlemagne, interested in athletic pursuits, was known to be highly energetic. Because of his love of hunting, horseback riding and swimming Aachen held particular appeal for him due to its therapeutic warm springs. The chapel holds the remains of Charlemagne and as part of Aachen Cathedral, is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

8. Which king of France was put to the guillotine after the people successfully overthrew the monarchy?

From Quiz Good Night, Sweet Prince

Answer: Louis XVI

The people of France, struggling to make ends meet each day, were definitely not impressed by the incredible spending of the French aristocracy on lavish palaces, luxury goods, and foreign wars. With ideas of the Enlightenment hovering across the European political scene, it was only a matter of time before someone got the idea to start rebelling against their kings. Beginning with the Tennis Court Oath, the revolution would see the storming of the Bastille, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, and the executions of Louis XVI, his wife, Marie Antoinette, and countless others.

9. Marriages between brother and sister were commonplace in the Ptolemaic dynasty of ancient Egypt. What is the name of the last and most famous Ptolemaic queen, who married not one but two of her brothers?

From Quiz That's Nasty!

Answer: Cleopatra VII

Cleopatra became joint monarch with her younger brother Ptolemy XIII upon the death of their father in 51BC. Their political (and, no doubt, personal) relationship soon soured and Cleopatra went into exile. Julius Caesar, her lover and the father of her son Caesarion, defeated Ptolemy XIII at the battle of the Nile. With Ptolemy dead, Cleopatra returned to the throne with a new husband and co-ruler, also a younger brother, Ptolemy XIV.

10. Which Roman emperor, who is also supposed to have 'fiddled while Rome burned' killed his mother?

From Quiz Murder Most Royal

Answer: Nero

Nero's mother, Agrippina, had helped him to assume the throne after the suspicious death of his step-father, Claudius. When Nero tired of her influence over him he first tried to kill her in a supposed accident, but when this did not work he had his soldiers kill her. Although he was involved in other murders, at the least that of his half-brother, Claudius's true heir, and two of his wives it was the crime of matricide that the Romans found truly repugnant.

11. What was the nickname of the famous Holy Roman Emperor, Friedrich I (reigned 1155-1190)?

From Quiz My Nickname, please...

Answer: Barbarossa

He was the Holy Roman Emperor for over 30 years and is most famous for his many wars, including taking part in the Third Crusade, until his famous death in the river of Saleph. Barbarossa means 'red beard' (or 'red bearded').

12. The House of Windsor, which reigns in 16 countries, is based in what European nation?

From Quiz Modern Royal Families

Answer: The United Kingdom

Queen Elizabeth II is a member of the House of Windsor. In addition to being the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, she is also the Queen of Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, and Saint Kitts and Nevis. The House of Windsor is a branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and was renamed the more "English sounding" House of Windsor during World War I due to the Germanic origins of the dynasty. Although the dynasty has only ruled the UK since 1901, Queen Elizabeth II is a descendant of English kings and queens going back well over 1000 years.

13. Frederick VIII, king of Denmark, died in 1912. How did his family come to hear about his death?

From Quiz 20th Century Monarchs

Answer: He was found dead by the Geman police.

He was wandering the streets of Hamburg alone when he collapsed and died.

14. Lets take a trip to France to the fall of the French Bourbon monarchy in 1830. Charles X had abdicated in favour of his eldest son, whose title was...?

From Quiz Pretender to the Throne

Answer: the Duke of Angouleme

Duke Louis de Bourbon of Angouleme was born on 6 Aug 1775 in Versailles, France as the son of the Count of Artois. He married on 10 Jun 1799 in Mittau, Courland to his first cousin, Princess Royale Marie Therese Charlotte de Bourbon of France, the daughter of King Louis XVI de Bourbon of France. Upon his father's abdication, Louis technically ruled for twenty minutes and took the nominal title of Louis XIX; before he renounced his rights to the throne, in favour of his nephew, the Count of Chamboard. He died childless on 3 Jun 1844 in Gorz, Austria.

15. 'He always loved me the best.' Which Queen Consort of Great Britain said this about her husband?

From Quiz Famous Royalty Quotes

Answer: Alexandra of Denmark

Alexandra ('Alix') was born in 1844, the daughter of Christian IX of Denmark and his wife, Louise of Hesse-Kassel. She married Albert Edward ('Bertie'), Prince of Wales, in 1863, and 38 years later became Queen Consort when he succeeded his mother Queen Victoria. The marriage was reasonably happy, despite Bertie's many love affairs - hence Alix's comment after his death.

16. Queen Victoria's grandson, Prince Arthur of Connaught, married Princess Alexandra, Duchess of Fife in 1913. How were they related?

From Quiz Royal Kissing Cousins

Answer: first cousins, once removed

Arthur's father was HRH (His Royal Highness) the Duke of Connaught, Queen Victoria's third son. Alexandra's mother HRH Princess Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife, was the daughter of the Queen's eldest son the Prince of Wales. As such, Arthur and Alexandra were second cousins. Alexandra's father, the Duke of Fife, had died in 1912. Queen Victoria had issued him with a special creation of the Fife dukedom which allowed it to pass to Alexandra in the absence of any male heirs. In 1905, when he made Louise Princess Royal, Alexandra's grandfather had made her a princess with the title of 'Her Highness. After her marriage, she was known as HRH Princess Arthur of Connaught. Arthur died of stomach cancer in 1938. Alexandra lived on until 1959, outliving the couple's only son, Alastair.

17. Which German king is called "the Fowler"?

From Quiz Well Established Royal Epithets

Answer: Henry

Henry, the Duke of Saxony, was elected by the German dukes to act as king of Germany, beginning the Saxon line of kings. He reigned from 919 till 936, when his son, Otto, took over. How he got his title "the Fowler" is uncertain. Some sources say that he was setting bird snares when the news reached him that he had been elected king, but this story may be a legend. His German name is "Heinrich der Vogler".

18. "I am possibly one of the best known people, even over a millennium after my death. I am of Macedonian origin, and was one of the greatest conquerors of all time."

From Quiz Famous Monarchs

Answer: Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great is arguably the most famous conqueror of all time, and possibly the most successful. He ruled many lands, including Persia, and Persepolis was burned on his orders.

19. King Canute of England was also king of two other countries, what were they?

From Quiz King Again

Answer: Denmark and Norway

Canute (or Knud II as he is known in Denmark and Knut in Norway) won the English crown by a mixture of conquest and diplomacy in 1016. In 1018 he inherited the throne of Denmark from his brother and then gained Norway by conquest in 1028. He ruled all three kingdoms until his death in 1035. Canute married Emma of Normandy who had previously been the wife of the English king, Ethelred II (Ethelred the Unready), making her the only woman to have been married to two English kings. Two of her sons, Harthacanute (her son by Canute) and Edward (the Confessor, the son of Ethelred), went on to become kings of England.

20. What was the title of Charles X of France before he was King?

From Quiz The History of European Royalty VI

Answer: the Count of Artois

King Charles X de Bourbon of France, the third son of Dauphin Louis de Bourbon of France and Princess Maria Josepha Wettin of Poland, was born on 9 Oct 1757 in Versailles, France. At birth he was created the Count of Artois. He married Princess Maria Theresa de Savoie of Sardinia on 16 Nov 1773 in Versailles, France. He become King after the death of his brother, Louis XVIII and was exiled and deposed in 1830. He had abdicated in favour of his grandson, the Count of Chamboard; however the French rejected this and proclaimed Louis Philippe I as the King of the French. Charles X died in exile on 6 Nov 1836 in Switzerland.

21. William the Conqueror and Tostig Godwinsson, Earl of Northumbria.

From Quiz Royal Relativity

Answer: brothers-in-law

William the Conqueror and Tostig of Northumbria each married a daughter of Baldwin V, Count of Flanders. Tostig married the elder daughter, Judith, whereas William married the younger daughter, Matilda. Tostig sided with Harald Hardrada of Norway against his brother, Harold II of England, and was killed at the Battle of Stamford Bridge on September 25, 1066. Harald of Norway was also slain. A few weeks later, on October 14, 1066, William and Harold clashed at Hastings, where Harold II was killed.

22. What religion was the first wife of King James II Stuart of Great Britain, Lady Anne Hyde of Clarendon, at the time of their marriage ceremony?

From Quiz The History of European Royalty IV

Answer: Protestant

King James II Stuart of Great Britain's first wife, Lady Anne Hyde of Clarendon, was of the right religion for the royal family - Protestant. Lady Anne was born on 22 March 1637 at Cranbourne Lodge, Windsor, England, to Earl Edward Hyde of Clarendon and Lady Frances Aylesbury. She married the Duke of York on 24 November 1659 in Breda, Holland. She was the mother of two Queens, Mary II and Queen Anne. The Duchess of York died on 31 March 1671 in Saint James' Palace, London, England.

23. To what Royal House does the Italian Royal Family belong?

From Quiz The History of European Royalty III

Answer: de Savoie

Long before the de Savoie's came to the throne of Italy, they were medieval counts from a long established dynasty. With the unification of Italy, they were created as its new royal family.

24. What was the relationship between Queen Mary II Stuart of Britain and King William III de Nassau of Britain, besides husband and wife?

From Quiz The History of European Royalty II

Answer: First cousins

Their common ancestors were King Charles I Stuart of Britain and Princess Henrietta Marie de Bourbon of France. Queen Mary II Stuart of Britain was the daughter of King James II Stuart of Britain, whereas King William III of Britain was the son of Princess Mary Henrietta Stuart of Britain.

25. In the Spanish War of Succession, which family inherited the throne of Spain, after the death of the last Spanish Hapsburg King?

From Quiz The History of European Royalty I

Answer: The French Bourbons

The Head of the Austrian Hapsburg's at the time was Archduke Charles Hapsburg, who claimed the Spanish throne through his grandmother, Infanta Princess Maria Anna, the daughter of King Phillip III Hapsburg of Spain. However, when Archduke Charles was elected Holy Roman Emperor, he abandoned his claim. Therefore, the crown passed to the second grandson of King Louis XIV de Bourbon of France; through Infanta Princess Maria Theresa Hapsburg of Spain, the daughter of King Phillip IV Hapsburg of Spain; Duke Philippe de Bourbon of Anjou. He became King Felipe V de Bourbon of Spain.

26. At his coronation, this French ruler crowned himself standing before the altar in the cathedral of Notre Dame. His emblem was a bee, and although he hated cats he loved horses, in particular his Arab stallion Marengo and mare Desirée.

From Quiz The Character Beneath the Crown

Answer: Napoleon I

Napoleon Buona Parte was born in Corsica in 1769, and in later life dubbed the "Little Corporal" (he was only 5 feet 6 inches tall), perhaps in retaliation for referring to the English as "a nation of shopkeepers". After his death in 1821, his head was shaved for souvenirs, and his heart and stomach put in a silver vase and pepperpot respectively.

27. Shakespeare wrote a number of 'Henry' history plays. Which did he write first?

From Quiz Oh, Henry! O, Henri! Ach, Heinrich!

Answer: 'Henry VI'

The three parts of 'Henry VI' were among his first plays. 'Henry IV' (parts one and two) and 'Henry V' followed within the next ten years. Henry VII appears as a character in 'Richard III,' but Shakespeare did not write a play bearing his name.

28. Prince Albert became King Albert II, sixth king of Belgium, when his brother King Baudouin passed away in 1993. Who is his Queen?

From Quiz World Royal Families

Answer: Queen Paola

On July 2, 1959, Albert married Donna Paola Ruffo di Calabria from an Italian family with royal connections. They have three children: Prince Philippe, Princess Astrid, Prince Laurent.

29. What country did King Henry VIII rule?

From Quiz Pharaohs, Tsars, Emperors, Kings and Queens

Answer: England

Henry VIII is world renowned for taking six wives, dissolving the monasteries and making himself the Surpreme Head of the Church of England.

30. Queen Sophia of Spain was born into the royal family of which country?

From Quiz European Royalty

Answer: Greece

She is the sister of ex-King Constantine of Greece.

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