Quiz about Great Rulers of China
Quiz about Great Rulers of China

Great Rulers of China Trivia Quiz


Ten of the greatest rulers in the history of China.

A multiple-choice quiz by wilfredwee. Estimated time: 6 mins.
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Author
wilfredwee
Time
6 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
390,775
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Tough
Avg Score
6 / 10
Plays
113
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. He usurped the throne from his young nephew and moved the capital from Nanjing to Beijing. During his reign, the Forbidden City was constructed and the famous Admiral Zheng He made more than twenty sea voyages with his fleets.

Hint

Yongle Emperor (Zhu Di)
Xuande Emperor (Zhu Zhanji)
Hongxi Emperor (Zh¨± G¨ioch¨¬)
Hongwu Emperor (Zhu Yuanzhang)

2. Since he ascended throne when he was only seven, the actual powers were entrusted to four regents and his grandmother until he was ready at the age of fifteen. His reign of sixty-one years was one of the longest in Chinese history. During his long reign he expanded the dynasty territories to Outer Manchuria and Outer Northwest China.
Hint

Emperor Jiaqing
Emperor Shunzi
Emperor Yongzheng
Emperor Kangxi

3. King Zhaoxiang reigned for fifty-eight years, laying a strong foundation for the state. At the age of thirteen he was crowned King of the state of Qin. The prime minister acted as the regent until he was ready to reign at the age of twenty-two. Hint

Qin Wuwang (Ying Dang)
Qin Ershi (Hu Hai)
Qin Shi-huang (Ying Zheng)
Qin Huiwen Wang (Ying Si)

4. He was chosen to rule China at the age of seven and was presented the throne at age sixteen. His fifty-five year reign were marked by many successful war campaigns against the northern nomadic, tribes which his predecessors could not match. Hint

Emperor Wen (Liu Heng)
Emperor Hui (Liu Ying)
Emperor Wu (Liu Che)
Emperor Jing (Liu Qi)

5. He became the fourth ruler of Qing dynasty at the age of twenty-four and reigned as long as his grandfather. His grandfather noticed his outstanding qualities and carefully planned his education to prepare him for the future task as heir apparent. Hint

Emperor Jiaqing
Emperor Guangxu
Emperor Daoguang
Emperor Qianlong

6. He was the commander of the Palace Army for the Second Zhou dynasty. The last competent Zhou Emperor died leaving an infant boy on the throne. As the commander of the Emperor's guard, he allegedly reluctantly and only at the urging of his soldiers, took over power in a bloodless coup. Hint

Emperor Zhenzhong (Zhao Jiong)
Emperor Taizong (Zhao Kuangyin)
Emperor Renzong (Zhao Heng)
Emperor Yingzong (Zhao Zhen)

7. In his youth when living in Peixian County (present day Jiangsu Province), he was playful and showed no ambition. He was a low-ranking official in Sishui and later became a rebel leader. Ably supported by Xiao He, Zhang Liang and Han Xin, he defeated a powerful rival from the state of Chu to unite China. Hint

Emperor Hui (Liu Ying)
Emperor Yuan (Liu Shi)
Emperor Xuan (Liu Bingyi)
Emperor Gaozu (Liu Bang)

8. He was successful in helping his father to overthrow the former dynasty which made his two brothers grow envious and concerned. In 662 during the Xuanwu Gate incident, his forces killed the two brothers who wanted to eliminate him. Two months later, his father abdicated the throne to him.
Hint

Emperor Gaozu (Li Yuan)
Emperor Zhongzhong (Li Xian)
Emperor Gaozong (Li Zhi)
Emperor Taizong (Li Shimin)

9. At age sixteen, all his family members died due to the flooding of the Yellow River. He had to take shelter in a Buddhist monastery until the age of twenty-four. Before he was thirty, he became the rebel leader of the Red Turban Army, which overthrew the former dynasty to become the founder of Ming dynasty.
Hint

Emperor Hongwu (Zhu Yuanzhang)
Longqing Emperor (Zhu Zaihou)
Jiaqing Emperor (Zhu Hocong)
Wanli Emperor (Zhu Yijun)

10. He finished his grandfather's task of conquering southern China and unifying the country. He distinguished himself from his predecessors by ruling through an administrative apparatus that respected and embraced the local customs of conquered peoples, rather than by might alone. Hint

Genghis Khan
Ogedei Khan
Temur Khan
Kublai Khan


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. He usurped the throne from his young nephew and moved the capital from Nanjing to Beijing. During his reign, the Forbidden City was constructed and the famous Admiral Zheng He made more than twenty sea voyages with his fleets.

Answer: Yongle Emperor (Zhu Di)

Zhu Di, Yongle Emperor (1360-1424, reigned 1402-1424) was the fourth son of the founder of Ming Dynasty. He was given the title of Prince of Yan to govern Beiping(now Beijing).

As Liu Biao the Crown Prince died before his father, his son Emperor Jianwen (Zhu Yunwen) took over the throne from his grandfather and started to execute and remove his more powerful uncles. Having survived the killings, Zhu Di attacked Nanjing in 1402 and successfully overthrew the Emperor Jianwen.
2. Since he ascended throne when he was only seven, the actual powers were entrusted to four regents and his grandmother until he was ready at the age of fifteen. His reign of sixty-one years was one of the longest in Chinese history. During his long reign he expanded the dynasty territories to Outer Manchuria and Outer Northwest China.

Answer: Emperor Kangxi

Kangxi Emperor (Aixin-Juelo Xuanye) was the second emperor of Qing Dynasty, ruled from 1661 to 1722. Under his rule, the Qing dynasty started to prosper and the dynastic succession was stabilized. He adopted the Han culture and was comparatively benevolent.

During his reign, he suppressed the revolt led by the three lords of Yunnan, Guangdong and Fujian, restored Taiwan from the Ming loyalist government and defeated the Russians on the Amur River to retain Outer Manchuria and Outer Northwest China.

The Kangxi Dictionary (a dictionary consisted of more than 47,000 characters)was completed by his court.
3. King Zhaoxiang reigned for fifty-eight years, laying a strong foundation for the state. At the age of thirteen he was crowned King of the state of Qin. The prime minister acted as the regent until he was ready to reign at the age of twenty-two.

Answer: Qin Shi-huang (Ying Zheng)

Qin Shi-huang (Ying Zheng, 259-210 BC) was known as the first Emperor in China. From 230-221 BC, he took nine years to complete the conquest of all the six states to unify China.

During his reign, he unified China economically by standardizing weights and measures, the currency, the length of the axles of carts, the legal system, and the Chinese script. The Great Wall, Mausoleum and Terracotta Warriors are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

After ten year of rule, his cruelties led to the downfall of his kingdom in 206 BC, shortly four year after his death in 210 BC.
4. He was chosen to rule China at the age of seven and was presented the throne at age sixteen. His fifty-five year reign were marked by many successful war campaigns against the northern nomadic, tribes which his predecessors could not match.

Answer: Emperor Wu (Liu Che)

Liu Che, Emperor Wu (156 BC-87 BC) was the seventh emperor of Han Dynasty. He ruled China from 141 BC to 87 BC and was famous for his accomplishments that gained China new and vast territories.

During his reign he organized a powerful and highly centralized state. He also opened up the silk route between China and the Western Region to Persia (present-day Iran) and Rome. Chinese history regarded him as the greatest Han emperor.
5. He became the fourth ruler of Qing dynasty at the age of twenty-four and reigned as long as his grandfather. His grandfather noticed his outstanding qualities and carefully planned his education to prepare him for the future task as heir apparent.

Answer: Emperor Qianlong

Qianlong (Aixin-Juelo Hongli, from 1711-1799) was the fourth ruler of Qing Dynasty. His sixty-one year reign (1735-96) was one of the longest in Chinese history.

Under him, Qing Dynasty expanded their territories in the northeast achieved by successive military expeditions in 1755-60. Successful campaigns against Turks and Mongolians eliminated the danger of invasion resulted in the creation of the New Province (Xinjiang) in northwest China, which enlarged the empire by about 1,600,000 sq. km.
6. He was the commander of the Palace Army for the Second Zhou dynasty. The last competent Zhou Emperor died leaving an infant boy on the throne. As the commander of the Emperor's guard, he allegedly reluctantly and only at the urging of his soldiers, took over power in a bloodless coup.

Answer: Emperor Taizong (Zhao Kuangyin)

Emperor Taizu, Zhao Kuangyin (927-976), was the founder of the Song Dynasty of China, reigning from 960 to 976. In 960, he reunited China after years of fragmentation and rebellion after the fall of the Tang dynasty in 907 and established the Song dynasty.

He is remembered for his reform of the examination system whereby entry to the bureaucracy favored individuals who demonstrated academic ability rather than by birth.

After sixteen-year reign, he died unexpectedly at forty-nine years old and was succeeded by his younger brother.
7. In his youth when living in Peixian County (present day Jiangsu Province), he was playful and showed no ambition. He was a low-ranking official in Sishui and later became a rebel leader. Ably supported by Xiao He, Zhang Liang and Han Xin, he defeated a powerful rival from the state of Chu to unite China.

Answer: Emperor Gaozu (Liu Bang)

Liu Bang (256-195 BC), Emperor Gaozu of the Western Han Dynasty, was the first emperor of the Han Dynasty (202BC-AD220). As an outstanding politician, strategist and director, he made great contributions to the development of Han people and its culture. He reigned from 202-195 BC.

In general he followed the governmental set-up of Qin dynasty, but tempered Qin harshness with a more complete law code and regulations. This enabled him to further consolidate and the centralized the feudal rule.
8. He was successful in helping his father to overthrow the former dynasty which made his two brothers grow envious and concerned. In 662 during the Xuanwu Gate incident, his forces killed the two brothers who wanted to eliminate him. Two months later, his father abdicated the throne to him.

Answer: Emperor Taizong (Li Shimin)

Being a skilled politician, a master strategist and a brilliant administrator, this 7th century ruler (reigned from 629-649) made the Tang Dynasty the most brilliant era in the Chinese history.

During his reign, society was stable, class contradictions had ceased and the economy prospered. The number of people sentenced to death in 630 was only twenty-nine for the whole country.
9. At age sixteen, all his family members died due to the flooding of the Yellow River. He had to take shelter in a Buddhist monastery until the age of twenty-four. Before he was thirty, he became the rebel leader of the Red Turban Army, which overthrew the former dynasty to become the founder of Ming dynasty.

Answer: Emperor Hongwu (Zhu Yuanzhang)

During his 30-year reign, Emperor Hongwu instituted major policy initiatives. Some of his policies became permanent Ming policies, and he reversed some of his own policies when he was old.

He staffed his bureaucracy with officials who passed the Neo-Confucian imperial examinations. These officials were dependent on the court for their position so that they might prove to be more loyal.

In the later years, he set up a private military guard institution, which was known as the Embroidered Uniform Guard (Jingyiwei). It served as his secret police to help him spy on his subjects.
10. He finished his grandfather's task of conquering southern China and unifying the country. He distinguished himself from his predecessors by ruling through an administrative apparatus that respected and embraced the local customs of conquered peoples, rather than by might alone.

Answer: Kublai Khan

Kublai Khan (1215-1294), grandson of Genghis Khan, conquered southern China to become the first emperor of Yuan Dynasty. Under his rule, China was the richest and most powerful nation in the world.

With communications between China and the outside world already well developed, he sent envoys abroad to promote trade. Foreign merchants came from South-east Asia, Middle East and Europe (Marco Polo) to reside in China for long periods.
Source: Author wilfredwee

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