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Quiz about King Philip II of France
Quiz about King Philip II of France

King Philip II of France Trivia Quiz


Philip II strengthened the monarchy in France and achieved much in his reign. The Catholic Encyclopedia at newadvent.org contains a wealth of information about Philip and his time.

A multiple-choice quiz by beckyel. Estimated time: 3 mins.
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Author
beckyel
Time
3 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
161,430
Updated
May 07 23
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
6 / 10
Plays
803
- -
Question 1 of 10
1. Many French kings had a nickname added to their name. What was the nickname of Philip II? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. When did Philip II rule France? Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. Which was NOT one of Philip's wives? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. Which of the following was not a contemporary of Philip II? Hint


Question 5 of 10
5. Why was France placed under an interdict in 1198? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. In which Crusade did Philip participate? Hint


Question 7 of 10
7. Which famous battle was fought on 27th July 1214? Hint


Question 8 of 10
8. Philip was responsible for much work in the city of Paris. Which of the following was NOT something achieved during his reign? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. During his reign Philip was responsible for increasing the lands of the French King. Which of these areas was NOT one Philip added to the royal domain? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. Philip died at Mantes, but where was he buried? Hint



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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Many French kings had a nickname added to their name. What was the nickname of Philip II?

Answer: Augustus

Philip IV (1285-1314) was called the Fair, Philip V (1316-1322) was the Tall and Philip VI (1328-1350) was the Fortunate. The title 'Augustus' comes from the Latin augere, which means to increase, given because Philip greatly increased the lands of the French King. Philip was also known as Dieu-donne, or God-given, as he was born when Louis VII was 45 years old and still did not have a male heir, despite having had two wives.
2. When did Philip II rule France?

Answer: 1180-1223

Philip was born in 1165 and came to the throne in 1180. His father, Louis VII had Philip crowned in 1179, as his own health was poor and he wished to secure the succession. Philip was only 15 at the time and so there was a regent until he came of age.
3. Which was NOT one of Philip's wives?

Answer: Blanche of Castile

Philip married his first wife, Isabelle of Hainault, in 1180 and they had one son, the future Louis VIII. She died in 1190. In 1193 he married Ingeborg of Denmark, but this marriage ended in divorce. His third wife was Agnes of Meran, with whom he had two children - Philippe Hurepel and Marie.

The papacy legitimized the children in 1201, as they did not recognise Philip's third marriage at that time. Blanche of Castile married Philip's son Louis.
4. Which of the following was not a contemporary of Philip II?

Answer: King Richard II of England

Pope Innocent III (1198-1216) is regarded as one of the greatest medieval popes. King John (1199-1216) lost much of his land in France to Philip. Frederick I Barbarossa (1152/1155-1190) had taken the cross in 1181, and set off on the Third Crusade, but died on the way to the Holy Land. King Richard II (1377-1399) was not a contemporary of Philip - that was Richard I (1189-1199).
5. Why was France placed under an interdict in 1198?

Answer: Philip refused to take back Ingeborg, his second wife

In 1193, Philip had married Ingeborg of Denmark, but decided almost immediately to repudiate her. He found some clergy in France who were prepared to grant the divorce he wanted, but Ingeborg appealed to Pope Innocent III and he sent Peter of Capua to France to discuss the situation with Philip.

When the king still refused to take back Ingeborg, he placed the country under an interdict. (In the middle ages an interdict meant that the people of the country were without the liturgical and sacramental provisions of the church.) The king finally discarded Agnes (his third wife, though the marriage was not recognized by the Pope)) nine months into the interdict, but did not become reconciled with Ingeborg until 1213.
6. In which Crusade did Philip participate?

Answer: Third

Philip imposed a 'Saladin Tithe' upon his people to pay for his crusade and subsequently set out for the Holy Land. He traveled by sea in 1191, arriving in Tyre and going on to besiege Acre in April. He left the Crusade in August; he had not been an enthusiastic crusader and had been in bad health since his arrival in the Holy Land.

As Acre was held by Christians again, he considered that his duty was done and he could leave for France.
7. Which famous battle was fought on 27th July 1214?

Answer: Bouvines

At the battle of Bouvines Philip routed the armies of King John of England, the Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV and the Count of Flanders. He was thus able to take control of their territories of Anjou, Brittany, Maine, Normandy and Touraine. Bouvines is located between Lille and Touraine and was in the County of Flanders, although it is now part of Belgium. Damme was a battle where the forces of the English sank most of Philip's fleet.
8. Philip was responsible for much work in the city of Paris. Which of the following was NOT something achieved during his reign?

Answer: starting the construction of Notre Dame

Philip continued the construction of Notre Dame; the cornerstone was laid in 1163, by Pope Alexander III, during the reign of Louis VII. In addition to this Philip set up a system of bailiffs who were paid to oversee local administration in the domain. In Paris, Philip built a central market and granted a charter to the University of Paris.
9. During his reign Philip was responsible for increasing the lands of the French King. Which of these areas was NOT one Philip added to the royal domain?

Answer: Berri

Between 1181 and 1186 Philip fought the lords of Flanders, Burgundy and Champagne, eventually defeating them, then he attacked the English territories in France, taking lands from Henry II and King John. He thus more than doubled the lands of the French King, which had consisted of only the Ile de France and Berri until his time.

He paved the way for the French crown to annexe the south of France during the reign of Louis IX, by allowing his vassals to participate in the Albigensian Crusade.
10. Philip died at Mantes, but where was he buried?

Answer: Saint Denis Basilica

Mantes was half way between the centre of power of the Duke of Normandy in Rouen and the King of France, in Paris. Saint Denis is a patron saint of France, and the Basilica dedicated to him is a well known burial site for the kings of France. Other French kings buried there include Francis I and Louis XVI.
Source: Author beckyel

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor Exit10 before going online.
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