Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. The wife of King Henry I, who was crowned Queen of England under the name Matilda, originally had a different first name. Under what name did her parents, King Malcolm III of Scotland and Saint Margaret, have her baptised in the late 11th century?
2. Henry I married his second wife, Adeliza of Louvain, in 1121, a few months after his only legitimate son, William Adelin, was killed in the White Ship disaster. How many children did Henry and Adeliza go on to have together?
3. Eleanor, the Duchess of Aquitaine in her own right, married King Henry II in 1152, following the annulment of her first marriage to King Louis VII of France. Her second marriage was also ultimately unhappy as Henry had her imprisoned from 1173 till his death in 1189. For what offence was Eleanor held?
4. Which queen, crowned in 1172, was the only woman to be married to a 'junior' king of England, as her husband, Henry, was crowned king during the reign of his father?
5. Eleanor of Provence, the wife of King Henry III, was one of four daughters of the Count of Provence. On his death he left Provence to one of them, who then became Countess in her own right. Which child was the favoured daughter?
6. Mary de Bohun was the first wife of King Henry IV. Why did she never become queen?
7. Joan of Navarre was a widow with seven children by her first marriage when she married King Henry IV in 1403. Her first husband was the duke of which part of northern France, then a virtually independent state?
8. Catherine of Valois, the youngest daughter of King Charles VI of France, became Queen of England when she married King Henry V in 1420. How old was their only son, also named Henry, when he inherited the throne following his father's death whilst on campaign near Paris?
9. The wife of King Henry VI took an extremely active role as Queen of England due to her husband's protracted mental incapacity. She was also the driving force behind his restoration to the throne in 1470 and led her army at the Battle of Tewkesbury in 1471, where she suffered her final defeat. What was the name of this strong-willed and resourceful queen?
10. Elizabeth of York's marriage to King Henry VII was an important step towards peace in England as it united the warring royal houses of York and Lancaster. However, like many princesses, she had been the subject of several politically motivated attempts at arranged marriage. Which of these men was *not* considered as a potential husband for Elizabeth?
Source: Author Fifiona81
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