Quiz about High School Biology Revision
Quiz about High School Biology Revision

High School Biology Revision! Trivia Quiz


Were you paying attention in biology class? Take my quiz to test how much you know about biology topics covered in high school.

A multiple-choice quiz by Alice234. Estimated time: 5 mins.
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Author
Alice234
Time
5 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
309,959
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Tough
Avg Score
6 / 10
Plays
8301
Awards
Top 20% Quiz
Last 3 plays: Guest 83 (9/10), GoodwinPD (10/10), Guest 220 (9/10).
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. What can children with the rare genetic disease phenylketonuria not eat? Hint

Foods high in protein
Citrus fruits and strawberries
Bread and wheat products
Foods high in salt

2. Suppose I had a cat that had the genotype bb for its fur color and the phenotype of bb has pink fur. If the cat had the allele B, then it would have purple fur but because it doesn't; it has pink fur. What would the genotype for bb be called? Hint

Homozygous Dominant
Heterozygous Dominant
Homozygous Recessive
Heterozygous Recessive

3. Which of these conditions does NOT cause anemia? Hint

Malaria
Leukemia
Asthma
Iron deficiency

4. What element is present in all proteins, distinguishing them from non-proteins? Hint

Oxygen
Helium
Nitrogen
Carbon

5. What is the hormone in plants called which causes them to bend towards the light? Hint

Photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
Starch
Auxin

6. What is the scientific term for competition between members of the same species? Hint

Intraspecific competition
Competitve fighting
Interspecific competition
Predation

7. What happens to someone who has cystic fibrosis? Hint

All of these things.
They are born paralyzed and will never be able to walk.
Their body produces thick mucus which blocks the lungs and digestive system.
They develop hard cysts about the size of a golf ball all over their body.

8. What is a poison that stops the final stage of cellular respiration, the electron transport chain? Hint

Cyanide
Radioactive atoms
Arsenic
Chlorine Gas

9. What is the function of ALL enzymes? Hint

Make food easier to digest
Used to grow new cells in animals
Used to grow new cells in plants
Facilitate bio-chemical reactions

10. What is amensalism? Hint

A relationship between two species where one species gains no benefit while the other species is harmed.
A kind of courtship behaviour carried out by some some species of animals.
An area of a forest or a plant which is home to many different species.
Plants competing with each other for space and light in an area.


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. What can children with the rare genetic disease phenylketonuria not eat?

Answer: Foods high in protein

Phenylketonuria is extremely rare and is caused by the pairing of two faulty recessive alleles (one from each parent), that control the enzyme responsible for breaking down the amino acid phenylalanine, which is in protein. This why people affected cannot eat foods high in protein such as meat, milk,cheese, eggs, fish.
If it is not noticed at birth, phenylalanine builds up in the blood because the right enzyme is not there to get rid of it and the excess phenylalanine causes permanent brain damage.
2. Suppose I had a cat that had the genotype bb for its fur color and the phenotype of bb has pink fur. If the cat had the allele B, then it would have purple fur but because it doesn't; it has pink fur. What would the genotype for bb be called?

Answer: Homozygous Recessive

Lower case letters represent recessive alleles while upper case letters represent dominant alleles. If my cat had Bb and BB for its genotype the dominant allele B would be expressed and the result would be purple fur, but because it has the two recessive forms of the purple fur gene, it has pink fur.
The genetics for real cat coloring are far more complicated than this, as the color/s of a cat are controlled by more than two kinds of alleles.
3. Which of these conditions does NOT cause anemia?

Answer: Asthma

Anemia is when there is lack of red blood cells to transport oxygen around the body. Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia. In leukemia and iron deficiency anemia the body does not produce enough red blood cells. In malaria the red blood cells are destroyed by a parasite carried by mosquitos.

Although some symptoms of asthma and anemia are similar; feeling tired, breathless and dizzy, asthma does not cause anaemia.
4. What element is present in all proteins, distinguishing them from non-proteins?

Answer: Nitrogen

All proteins must contain nitrogen. Legumes such as peas and beans are high in protein because they share a mutualistic relationship with Rhizobium bacteria in the soil. The bacteria give the plant nitrogen in the form of nitrate ions in exchange for glucose from the root nodules.
5. What is the hormone in plants called which causes them to bend towards the light?

Answer: Auxin

Auxin causes cells in the stem of the plant to elongate which bends the stem towards the direction of the light. Auxin is also produced in root tips to make the roots bend downwards so they will grow into the soil.
6. What is the scientific term for competition between members of the same species?

Answer: Intraspecific competition

Interspecific competition is competition between members of different species. My teacher told me to remember it like this:
Intra- Intranet - a network where information can only be exchanged and viewed by members of one company or organization.
Inter - Internet - a network where information can be exchanged be and viewed by lots of different people.
7. What happens to someone who has cystic fibrosis?

Answer: Their body produces thick mucus which blocks the lungs and digestive system.

Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease caused by a recessive form of the CF gene. The recessive form of the gene does not make the correct protein to transport chloride ions across the cell membrane. In people affected, chloride ions build up in the cells and attract excess water.

The body tries to get rid of the excess water and chloride ions from the cells by producing thick, sticky mucus. Because the glands which produce the mucus are in the lungs, pancreas, intestines, liver and stomach, digestion and breathing are affected. People with cystic fibrosis often get serious lung infections because the mucus traps bacteria, which can be fatal.
8. What is a poison that stops the final stage of cellular respiration, the electron transport chain?

Answer: Cyanide

Cyanide stops ATP from forming by blocking the active site of an enzyme called cytochrome oxidase. Cytochrome oxidase allows H+ ions to pass through a channel in the matrix,(of the mitochondria) where they are reused to become ATP.
9. What is the function of ALL enzymes?

Answer: Facilitate bio-chemical reactions

Enzyme are catalysts. This means they speed up a chemical reaction. They do this by lowering the amount of energy required to make the reaction happen. Without enzymes we would all die because vital chemical reactions which take place in our bodies would happen too slowly for our bodies to work.
10. What is amensalism?

Answer: A relationship between two species where one species gains no benefit while the other species is harmed.

Amensalism is one type of interaction between different species. An often quoted example involves the black walnut, which derives no benefit from the plants surrounding it while, at the same time, killing the plants.
Source: Author Alice234

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor crisw before going online.
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