A continent of ancient civilizations and diverse geographical regions, South America has most of its landmass located south of the Equator. Can you correctly label the 12 South American nations on the map? Enjoy!
A label quiz
Estimated time: 3 mins.
Last 3 plays: Guest 173 (10/12), Barca99 (10/12), rivenproctor (12/12).
BoliviaPeruSurinameEcuadorBrazilColombiaChileParaguayUruguayVenezuelaGuyanaArgentina* Drag / drop or click on the choices above to move them to the answer list.
Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
The Republic of Ecuador is aptly named because the Equator passes through the nation. The country's Spanish name is República del Ecuador; and the word "Ecuador" means Equator. The capital of Ecuador, Quito, is located a mere 40 kilometers (25 miles) south of the Equator.
The Republic of Colombia is named after Italian navigator Christopher Columbus. Occupying the northwestern region of the South American continent, Colombia is geographically divided into five main regions - the Andes mountain range, the Pacific Ocean coastal region, the Caribbean Sea coastal region, the tropical grassland plain (Llanos), and the Amazon rainforest.
The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela derived its name from the word "Veneziola", which means "Little Venice". The country's famous landmarks include Angel Falls, which is the world's tallest uninterrupted waterfall.
The Co‑operative Republic of Guyana borders the Atlantic Ocean to the north. Guyana is one of the world's least densely populated nations. Guyana is the only South American nation that adopts English as its official language.
The Republic of Suriname is the smallest South American nation. The country borders Guyana to the west and French Guiana (an overseas department of France) to the east. Most of the country is covered by the vast tropical rainforest.
The Republic of Peru borders the Pacific Ocean to the west. The country is noted for its UNESCO World Heritage Site, Machu Picchu, which is an Inca citadel that is located approximately 80 kilometers (50 miles) from the Peruvian city of Cusco.
The Federative Republic of Brazil is the largest country in the continent of South America. Unlike most of its neighbouring countries that adopt Spanish as their official languages, Brazil adopts Portuguese as its official language. Brazil is the only country in the world that has both the Equator and the Tropic of Capricorn passing through the nation.
The Plurinational State of Bolivia is one of the two landlocked South American nations, the other being its neighbouring country, Paraguay. Bolivia is named after Venezuelan political leader Simón Bolívar.
The Republic of Chile is the world's southernmost nation. The territory of the nation also includes Easter Island, which is located in Polynesia. Chile also has lands in Antarctica, called the Chilean Antarctic Territory.
The Argentine Republic, or simply Argentina, is the second largest South American nation, after Brazil. The country is home to Aconcagua, which is South America's tallest mountain.
The Republic of Paraguay is a landlocked nation in South America. The Paraguay River divides the nation into two halves - the western Chaco region and the eastern Paraneña region.
The Oriental Republic of the Uruguay is the second smallest South American nation, after Suriname. It is one of the only four countries in the world that is completely located south of the Tropic of Capricorn; the other three being Eswatini, Lesotho, and New Zealand.