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Quiz about The Pride of the Prado
Quiz about The Pride of the Prado

The Pride of the Prado Trivia Quiz


The Museo del Prado is Spain's national museum of pre-20th century art, housing one of the finest collections in the world. This quiz takes a look at some its most prized works.

A multiple-choice quiz by lorance79. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
lorance79
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
354,484
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
7 / 10
Plays
315
Awards
Top 20% Quiz
Last 3 plays: wwwocls (5/10), Guest 172 (4/10), sofikharchen (5/10).
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Question 1 of 10
1. The Prado boasts several triptychs by this Flemish painter including "The Garden of Earthly Delights" and "The Adoration of the Magi". Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. The nightmarish "Saturn Devouring His Son" is the best known of the "Black Paintings" by this Spanish artist. Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. Side by side in the Prado hang two large paintings by Francisco Goya: "The Second of May 1808" and "The Third of May 1808". They represent Spanish resistance to the occupation of Madrid by whose armies? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. The 15th century panel "The Descent from the Cross" is considered the pinnacle of Flemish painter Rogier van der Weyden's career. In this vivid, emotional scene, the lifeless body of Christ is contrasted to what other image? Hint


Question 5 of 10
5. The Prado collection includes almost 50 paintings by the Sevillian portrait artist Diego Velázquez. His best known work, "Las Meninas" depicts the family of which monarch? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. One of the largest collections of Peter Paul Rubens' paintings in the world is owned by the Prado. The most famous of these pieces, dated to 1635, shows a number of young women representing figures in Greek mythology. What is it called? Hint


Question 7 of 10
7. Displayed at the Prado are a number of paintings by this master of the Spanish Golden Age, nicknamed "Lo Spagnoletto". His biblical subjects include Isaac and Jacob, Lazarus, Mary Magdalene, and the apostles Philip and James. Hint


Question 8 of 10
8. Francisco Zurbarán's "Agnus Dei" stands out amongst the vast collection of religious artwork at the Prado. Whose image is depicted in this painting? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. In 2012 the Prado announced that it had found a copy of which celebrated portrait, whose original hangs in The Louvre? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. While the Prado is best known as a picture gallery, its collection also includes more than 900 sculptures. One of the most exquisite, Camillo Torreggiani's bust of a veiled Spanish monarch, superbly demonstrates the wet drapery technique. Who was his royal subject? Hint



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quiz
Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. The Prado boasts several triptychs by this Flemish painter including "The Garden of Earthly Delights" and "The Adoration of the Magi".

Answer: Hieronymus Bosch

A triptych is an artwork comprised of three panels held together with hinges. Bosch's triptychs were oil paintings on large wooden panels: in the case of "The Garden of Earthly Delights", more than two metres wide and almost four metres high.

Bosch's colourful pieces show highly evocative moral messages. In addition to the triptychs, the Prado collection includes a tabletop painted by Bosch divided into segments portraying each of the seven deadly sins.
2. The nightmarish "Saturn Devouring His Son" is the best known of the "Black Paintings" by this Spanish artist.

Answer: Francisco Goya

Goya was court painter under Spanish King Charles (Carlos) IV. Later in life, deaf, isolated and fearing insanity, he created a series of dark, haunting works collectively known as the "Black Paintings".

Goya painted "Saturn Devouring His Son" directly onto the walls of his house; it was later transferred to canvas.
3. Side by side in the Prado hang two large paintings by Francisco Goya: "The Second of May 1808" and "The Third of May 1808". They represent Spanish resistance to the occupation of Madrid by whose armies?

Answer: Napoleon

Each painting measures almost 2.7 metres high and 3.5 metres wide. They were painted over a period of two months in 1814, and represent recent historical events. The first shows a frenzied battle scene in Madrid's central square as the French Imperial Guard fought off a popular uprising.

In sharp contrast, "The Third of May 1808" is a sombre scene, depicting the pre-dawn execution by firing squad of the rebels, who include labourers and a monk.
4. The 15th century panel "The Descent from the Cross" is considered the pinnacle of Flemish painter Rogier van der Weyden's career. In this vivid, emotional scene, the lifeless body of Christ is contrasted to what other image?

Answer: The Virgin Mary, fainting

Van der Weyden arranged the bodies of Jesus and his mother in parallel, linking the Passion of Christ to the sorrow of the Virgin. While not mentioned in the canonical gospels, the "swoon of the virgin" was a popular religious image in 14th and 15th century Europe but has since been discouraged on biblical and theological grounds.
5. The Prado collection includes almost 50 paintings by the Sevillian portrait artist Diego Velázquez. His best known work, "Las Meninas" depicts the family of which monarch?

Answer: Philip IV

Velázquez painted a number of portraits of Philip IV and his children as well as serving as the curator of the art-loving king's personal collection. "Las Meninas" represents the pinnacle of Velázquez's career and has been called one of the most important paintings in Western art, drawing the viewer into the scene--or projecting the painter and subjects into the real world.
6. One of the largest collections of Peter Paul Rubens' paintings in the world is owned by the Prado. The most famous of these pieces, dated to 1635, shows a number of young women representing figures in Greek mythology. What is it called?

Answer: The Three Graces

The Graces (or "Charites") are goddesses who represent the enjoyment of life. They are most commonly named Aglaea (representing radiance), Euphrosyne (joy) and Thalia (flowering or good cheer). They were popular subjects of painting and sculpture, and their images can even be found among the ruins of Pompeii.
7. Displayed at the Prado are a number of paintings by this master of the Spanish Golden Age, nicknamed "Lo Spagnoletto". His biblical subjects include Isaac and Jacob, Lazarus, Mary Magdalene, and the apostles Philip and James.

Answer: José de Ribera

José (also known as Jusepe) de Ribera spent most of his life in Italy. His nickname means "the little Spaniard". De Ribera is known for his use of the painting style called tenebrism--dramatic contrasting of light and dark elements in a picture.
8. Francisco Zurbarán's "Agnus Dei" stands out amongst the vast collection of religious artwork at the Prado. Whose image is depicted in this painting?

Answer: A lamb

The lamb is a well-known symbol of a sacrificial victim, and in Christianity is commonly used as a metaphor for Christ. Zurbarán's painting shows a young ram with its legs bound together, not struggling but resting meekly on the surface of a table.
9. In 2012 the Prado announced that it had found a copy of which celebrated portrait, whose original hangs in The Louvre?

Answer: Mona Lisa

The copy is believed to have been painted by one of Leonardo da Vinci's students, possibly at the same time and place as the master created the original. After undergoing restoration work the Prado piece, which is thought to be the oldest "Mona Lisa" copy in existence, shows fine details that are no longer visible on the much-viewed original.
10. While the Prado is best known as a picture gallery, its collection also includes more than 900 sculptures. One of the most exquisite, Camillo Torreggiani's bust of a veiled Spanish monarch, superbly demonstrates the wet drapery technique. Who was his royal subject?

Answer: Isabella II

The wet drapery technique gives sculptures of clothing and drapery a flowing appearance. In the case of "Isabella II Veiled", the marble representing the veil seems to have an almost tissue-like quality, showing the texture of the queen's face, crown and jewellery beneath the surface.

"Isabella II Veiled" was made in 1855, midway through the queen's reign.
Source: Author lorance79

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor LadyCaitriona before going online.
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