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Quiz about Henry II  Part III
Quiz about Henry II  Part III

Henry II Part III Trivia Quiz


For those of you who enjoyed my first two Henry II quizzes, I hope you find this one equally interesting.

A multiple-choice quiz by tripeuro. Estimated time: 5 mins.
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Author
tripeuro
Time
5 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
189,224
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
15
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
10 / 15
Plays
827
Awards
Top 35% Quiz
- -
Question 1 of 15
1. During Henry's reign, he was often in conflict with his wife's first husband, the king of France. Who was this king? Hint


Question 2 of 15
2. Resolution of disputes often resulted in the need for face to face meetings between the English and French sovereigns. Where was the usual meeting place for such conferences? Hint


Question 3 of 15
3. In 1171 Henry invaded Ireland. The reason(s) for this invasion being .. Hint


Question 4 of 15
4. In 1173 Henry II had to face a rebellion led by his sons, who were aided by Louis VII. Which of his sons were involved in this rebellion? Hint


Question 5 of 15
5. Louis VII was a Crusader and was the equal of Henry II both in the battlefield and at the conference table.


Question 6 of 15
6. Eleanor aided her sons in their rebellion. What happened to her? Hint


Question 7 of 15
7. Henry's sons did not always fight against their father. Sometimes they fought amongst themselves. In 1183 this brother died while helping the Aquitanian rebels against his brother Richard. Which brother was it? Hint


Question 8 of 15
8. How did Henry, the young king, die? Hint


Question 9 of 15
9. Henry II outlived three of his sons, William, Henry and Geoffrey. Geoffrey died in 1186. What was the cause of his death? Hint


Question 10 of 15
10. The jury system is a legacy of the reforms Henry instituted in the legal system.


Question 11 of 15
11. Louis VII was succeeded by his son Philip Augustus. Like Henry II, he had his heir crowned while he was still alive. Before the date set for the coronation, November 1, 1179, something occurred which rendered Louis unable to take an active part in government. What happened to Louis? Hint


Question 12 of 15
12. At the coronation of Philip Augustus, who held the crown above Philip's head during the coronation ceremony? Hint


Question 13 of 15
13. In 1189 Henry II and Philip Augustus reached yet another peace settlement. Henry again had faced rebellion from his sons aided by Philip, and this time Henry's cause was less than successful; indeed he had to flee from his birthplace, Le Mans, which was burned. As part of the terms of the settlement, Henry II obtained a list of the rebels. Why was this significant? Hint


Question 14 of 15
14. Where is Henry II buried? Hint


Question 15 of 15
15. There have been two excellent films dealing Henry II and his life and times. The first was "Becket" and dealt primarily with the conflict between church and state. The second, "The Lion in Winter" dealt with Henry in his old age. The same actor played Henry II in both films. Who was he? Hint



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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. During Henry's reign, he was often in conflict with his wife's first husband, the king of France. Who was this king?

Answer: Louis VII

Louis VII (aka the Young) and Eleanor of Aquitaine were married for fifteen years and had two daughters - Mary and Alice. Their marriage was annulled on the basis of consanguinity after a church council at Beaugency. Philip II (aka Philip Augustus) was the son of Louis VII by his third wife Adela of Champagne. Louis VI (aka Louis the Fat) was the father of Louis VII. Louis VIII (aka the Lion) was the son of Philip II.
2. Resolution of disputes often resulted in the need for face to face meetings between the English and French sovereigns. Where was the usual meeting place for such conferences?

Answer: under an elm tree in Gisors

Gisors was located in an area known as the Vexin. The Vexin was a buffer state between the English possessions and the territory directly under the control of the French king. It was part of the dowry of Margaret, wife of Henry, the Young King. When the young king died, Henry refused to return the Vexin to France. Fort St George in Chinon was an English stronghold and therefore unacceptable to the French for security reasons. Rouen and Paris were also strongholds, one English (Rouen) and one French (Paris) and were likewise unacceptable.

The last conference at Gisors was held in 1188. After three days of fruitless discussions, Philip II had the tree cut down. Although most authorities indicate that the tree was a great elm tree, Thomas B. Costain in "The Conquering Family" says it was an oak tree.
3. In 1171 Henry invaded Ireland. The reason(s) for this invasion being ..

Answer: all of these

There was a flourishing slave trade between Ireland and England - basically English slaves being taken to Ireland. The Irish Church exercised an independent existence, and it was to end this independence that Adrian IV (the only English pope) issued a bull to bring the Irish Church into uniformity with the rest of Christianity.

The real reason, however, was the desire of the Normans for additonal territory.
4. In 1173 Henry II had to face a rebellion led by his sons, who were aided by Louis VII. Which of his sons were involved in this rebellion?

Answer: Henry, Richard and Geoffrey

The revolt lasted until 1174, at which time a truce was reached between Henry and his sons. In this rebellion the barony of England, used to the freedom of action that the Matilda and Stephen conflict had allowed them, began chaffing at the bit of Henry's control and joined in.
5. Louis VII was a Crusader and was the equal of Henry II both in the battlefield and at the conference table.

Answer: False

The relative merit of the two monarchs can be found in a quote attributed to Philip II, when Dauphin, following a conference under the great tree at Gisors. He is said to have confronted Henry with, "My lord you do my father wrong. I perceive you can always get the better of him,. I can't hinder you, my lord, but I tell you now that, when I am grown up, I will take back all of which you have deprived him."
6. Eleanor aided her sons in their rebellion. What happened to her?

Answer: she was imprisoned at Winchester

Although from time to time she was released for particular reasons, for the next sixteen years Eleanor was confined, sometimes more strictly than others, at Winchester. Henry did make overtures to the pope for a dissolution of the marriage, but nothing came of these approaches.
7. Henry's sons did not always fight against their father. Sometimes they fought amongst themselves. In 1183 this brother died while helping the Aquitanian rebels against his brother Richard. Which brother was it?

Answer: Henry, the young king

In addition to assisting the rebels, the brothers raided monasteries in the region. John took no part in the quarrel while brother William died in infancy. Arthur was Geoffrey's son and was not born until after Geoffrey had died.
8. How did Henry, the young king, die?

Answer: He died of dysentery

Henry contracted dysentery in Martel France. He and his brother Geoffrey had joined forces with rebels in Aquitaine against their brother Richard and their father Henry. The young king asked his father to visit him on his deathbed, but Henry II felt that the illness was a ruse in order to trap him and refused to visit his son. Young Henry's sins weighed heavily and he rambled about the need for forgiveness and repentance. Nearing the end, he asked for a bed of cinders and lay on it clad in a crusader's cloak with a noose around his neck, expiring shortly thereafter.
9. Henry II outlived three of his sons, William, Henry and Geoffrey. Geoffrey died in 1186. What was the cause of his death?

Answer: He was trampled to death in a tournament.

Although Geoffrey, like his brothers, fought against his father, his death was accidental. He left a daughter, Eleanor the Fair Maid of Brittany and Arthur who was born posthumously. His wife Constance was in fact the Duchess of Brittany with her husband, Geoffrey, being its duke by marriage although, in accordance with the time, he exercised authority. Upon his death, Constance took over rule until she abdicated in favour of her son, Arthur, in 1196.
10. The jury system is a legacy of the reforms Henry instituted in the legal system.

Answer: True

Henry instituted a panel of 12 men to judge the guilt or innocence of the accused. As a result of his reforms, trial by battle and trial by ordeal were eliminated.
11. Louis VII was succeeded by his son Philip Augustus. Like Henry II, he had his heir crowned while he was still alive. Before the date set for the coronation, November 1, 1179, something occurred which rendered Louis unable to take an active part in government. What happened to Louis?

Answer: He was paralysed by a stroke.

Just before the date scheduled for his coronation, Philip Augustus, aged fifteen, caught a chill while hunting which developed into a dangerous fever. Louis VII travelled to England to pray at the shrine of Thomas Becket for his son's recovery. He was joined in these prayers by Henry II. Philip recovered and the new date set. Prior to the coronation, however, Louis suffered a stroke which paralysed him and rendered any participation in government impossible. Philip therefore, at 19 became the effective ruler of France.
12. At the coronation of Philip Augustus, who held the crown above Philip's head during the coronation ceremony?

Answer: Henry, the young king, son of Henry II

Henry the young king, Richard and Geoffrey all attended the coronation ceremony. As a king, Henry the young king, held the crown over the head of Philip Augusutus. Bertrand de Got, as pope Clement V removed the papal seat to Avignon beginning the so-called Babylonian captivity.
13. In 1189 Henry II and Philip Augustus reached yet another peace settlement. Henry again had faced rebellion from his sons aided by Philip, and this time Henry's cause was less than successful; indeed he had to flee from his birthplace, Le Mans, which was burned. As part of the terms of the settlement, Henry II obtained a list of the rebels. Why was this significant?

Answer: His favourite son John had joined the rebellion against him.

Although only 56 at the time, Henry was ailing. At the conference, Philip and his son Richard achieved virtually all of their demands. Henry, however, was successful in getting a list of the English subjects who had supported Richard. The inclusion of his favourite son was the final straw - Henry died a few days later. William the Marshal was one of the finest knights in Europe.

He was at Henry's deathbed.
14. Where is Henry II buried?

Answer: Fontevrault

Henry died at Chinon and was buried at nearby Fontevrault Abbey. This abbey also houses the bodies of his son Richard (the Lionheart), his wife Eleanor and his daughter-in-law Isabella of Angloueme. During the French Revolution, the abbey served as a prison.
15. There have been two excellent films dealing Henry II and his life and times. The first was "Becket" and dealt primarily with the conflict between church and state. The second, "The Lion in Winter" dealt with Henry in his old age. The same actor played Henry II in both films. Who was he?

Answer: Peter O'Toole

Peter O'Toole was nominated for a best actor Academy Award for both "Becket" and "Lion in Winter".
Source: Author tripeuro

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