Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Who was the first man to serve as prime minister when Japan adopted the cabinet system in 1885? (Hint: He also had the primary role in drafting the Meiji Constitution that was promulgated in 1889.)
2. Matsukata Masayoshi, prime minister from 1891 to 1892 (and again from 1896 to 1898), had earlier served as Minister of Finance in the 1880s, with the result that one of the following words has become indelibly associated with his name. Choose wisely!
3. During the first decade of the twentieth century two men, both proteges of the original Meiji oligarchs, traded the premiership back and forth repeatedly. Who were they?
4. Which of the following events forced General Terauchi Masatake to resign the premiership in September 1918?
5. What was the significance of Hara Kei's elevation to the premiership in 1918 to replace General Terauchi?
6. The premiership of imperial Japan could be a dangerous job. Which of these four prime ministers was NOT struck down by an assassin?
7. The Kenseikai (Progressive Party) government led by Prime Minister Kato Komei extended the franchise in Japan and pursued a policy of cooperation in its relations with the Western powers. It also enacted the Peace Preservation Law in 1925. What did this law do?
8. Prince Konoe Fumimaro, prime minister at the beginning of the "China Incident" in 1937 and again during the crisis in relations with the United States in the summer and autumn of 1941, was the scion of an ancient Japanese noble family. Which one?
9. Here's a toughie for you: The life of General Tojo Hideki, prime minister from 1941 to 1944, intersected briefly with that of an American named Jimmy Johnson. What was their relationship?
10. Let's close with something a little easier: Who succeeded General Tojo as prime minister in the summer of 1944?
Source: Author Guiguzi
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