Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Starting at the most western landlocked nation, Mali is separated from the Atlantic ocean by the width of one small country.
2. Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in western Africa, with several borders.
Which country, whose capital city is Bamako, occupies much of its northern and western border?
3. Travelling east now we come into the fertile southwest of Niger, the second-largest landlocked country in West Africa.
How much of the country is covered by the Sahara Desert?
4. Still travelling west, by camel we reach Chad, a large landlocked country with large neighbours.
Which one of the following is NOT a neighbour of Chad?
5. Leaving the Chad capital and the Sahara behind, we travel south 700km and cross the border into the very correctly named Central African Republic, though we have another 500km of road before we reach the capital Bangui. Although right in the center of Africa, we are only one country away from the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean.
Which country is this?
6. Travelling east again we reach South Sudan, one of Africa's newest countries.
When South Sudan seceded, what proportion of Sudan was split to form the new country?
7. Still travelling east we reach Ethiopia which used to have a Red Sea frontage until 1993.
Which new country made Ethiopia landlocked?
8. We have to go back into South Sudan before we can travel south into Uganda. Unlike all the landlocked African nations to the north of Uganda (except Ethiopia), Uganda was colonised by a different European power.
9. Southwest of Uganda, the Kingdom of Rwanda was assigned to a European power after the Berlin Conference of 1884. However Rwanda was ruled by a second European country after 1916.
What were the two respective countries that ruled Rwanda during the colonial period?
10. Heading south out of Rwanda, we come into an equally small country. Unlike the capital of Rwanda, the capital of Burundi, Bujumbura sits on one of the major lakes of the East African Rift.
11. Sailing south from Burundi on one of Africa's great lakes we reach the northern border of Zambia. However, this is a remote part of Zambia. Most of its 19 million people (2021 figures) are clustered around the capital and a region known by its abundant natural resource.
What is this area called?
12. East of Zambia is the long thin country of Malawi dominated by Lake Malawi.
Whereabouts do we find this lake in Malawi?
13. South of Zambia is Zimbabwe. Which of Africa's great rivers forms part of the boundary between the two countries?
14. Not far from Bulawayo in Zimbabwe's southwest we cross into Botswana.
Among Africa's 16 landlocked nations, what is the most noticeable feature of Botswana?
15. Leaving Botswana to the south we have reached the end of the contiguous chain of landlocked African nations. To reach the last two we must cross into a 'coastal' nation.
What about Lesotho is unique among the landlocked African nations?
16. Eswatini in Africa's south has the dubious honour of being Africa's landlocked nation closest to the ocean.
Which country do we need to travel through to reach the Indian Ocean by the shortest possible distance?
Source: Author 1nn1
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