Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. After the radical leaders of Satsuma and Ch˘shű had overthrown the Bakufu (Sh˘gunate), they set about turning Japan into a modern nation-state. But first, they had to deal with the rebellion of one of their own, a hero from Satsuma who was dismayed by the ongoing dispossession of the samurai. What was his name?
2. The new Meiji government began the process of industrialization, supporting the great zaibatsu, who in return agreed to accept the government's direction. Although they no longer exist as zaibatsu, many of these companies are still operating today. Which of the following was NOT a Meiji era company?
3. In the early years of Meiji, the government was dominated by the old Satsuma/Ch˘shű elite. However, popular demand for a constitution and parliamentary system was growing. They were finally granted in 1890. Who then became the first Prime Minister of Japan?
4. As the military modernized, Japan began to flex her muscles. She fought a war with China in 1894-95, and Russia in 1905, over the domination of which country?
5. Between the Meiji era (the reign of the Meiji Emperor) and the Sh˘wa era (the reign of the Sh˘wa Emperor, who oversaw WWII), there was the short reign of another Emperor. What is this era called?
6. In the 1930s, the military began to dominate the government. However, the military itself was split between two factions, the T˘sei-ha and the K˘d˘-ha. What do these names mean?
7. In September 1931, the Japanese Kwantung Army began the invasion of Manchuria. By early 1932, Japan was able to declare that inner Manchuria was now "independent" of China, and installed their puppet Emperor, Pu Yi. What name did they give the "new state"?
8. With which country did Japan sign a neutrality pact in April 1941?
9. By what name do we better know the "Tokk˘-tai" (Special Attack Squadron) which began operating in late 1944?
10. Which of the following cities was NOT discussed by the US military as a potential target for the nuclear attacks of 1945?
11. Since 1955, apart from a short period from 1993 to 1994, the ruling party of Japan has been Jimin-t˘. What does the party's name mean?
12. Prime Minister Tanaka Kakuei was brought down in 1983 over a scandal involving which US company?
13. Which Japanese prefecture hosts two thirds of all US military forces stationed in Japan?
14. Which Japanese city was struck by a severe earthquake in January 1995?
15. By what name does the world know the Emperor of Japan, who was appointed in May 2019?
Source: Author Finduskeepus
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