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Quiz about Spanish Conquest Mexico
Quiz about Spanish Conquest Mexico

Spanish Conquest: Mexico Trivia Quiz


How much do you know of the Spanish expansion into the New World, particularly the country now known as Mexico?

A multiple-choice quiz by airflorida. Estimated time: 6 mins.
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Author
airflorida
Time
6 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
250,676
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Difficult
Avg Score
5 / 10
Plays
1767
Awards
Top 10% Quiz
- -
Question 1 of 10
1. Before Cortes ventured on his expedition to what would become New Spain and later Mexico, who explored much of coastline that he would travel? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. Many people have heard of Cortes' famous indigenous translator, Doņa Marina (la Malinche), but which Spaniard's language skills were vital for early translation between Doņa Marina and Cortes? Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. When Cortes set off from Cuba in 1518 his expedition was authorized by Diego Velasquez, governor and previous conquistador of the island. What did Cortes' license allow him to do on the voyage? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. Which of the following towns was the first to be founded by Spaniards on the Mexican mainland? Its location changed several times before it became a permanent settlement. Hint


Question 5 of 10
5. Was Cortes the only "captain" of his expedition?


Question 6 of 10
6. Africans participated in Cortes' company.


Question 7 of 10
7. After beginning to march inland from coast, Cortes came upon which of the following ethnic groups? Although initially hostile, they eventually became important allies of the Spaniards. Hint


Question 8 of 10
8. After barely escaping the city following the 'noche triste,' Cortes and his company regrouped and attempted to lay the Mexica capital of Tenochtitlan under siege. What did they construct in order to more effectively carry out this plan? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. Following the defeat of the Mexica Empire, Cortes chose to rebuild the Mexica capital and make it the center for Spanish government in the region. What was the official title of this city during the early period of Spanish rule in the 16th century? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. Which group of native people did Cortes personally attempt and fail to conquer after the Mexica Empire fell? Hint



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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Before Cortes ventured on his expedition to what would become New Spain and later Mexico, who explored much of coastline that he would travel?

Answer: Juan de Grijalva

Spanish expansion followed a "leap-frog" model. Once a given region was conquered future expansion spread out from conquered areas. Cortes followed this pattern by following expeditions, like Grijalva's, that had left from the previously conquered island of Cuba.
2. Many people have heard of Cortes' famous indigenous translator, Doņa Marina (la Malinche), but which Spaniard's language skills were vital for early translation between Doņa Marina and Cortes?

Answer: Geronimo de Aguilar

Doņa Marina initially only spoke Nahuatl, the language of the Mexica (Aztecs) and a dialect of Maya. Before she learned Spanish, Geronimo de Aguilar's knowledge of Maya allowed him to translate between Doņa Marina and Cortes. He learned Maya after being shipwrecked on Cozumel Island for seven years.
3. When Cortes set off from Cuba in 1518 his expedition was authorized by Diego Velasquez, governor and previous conquistador of the island. What did Cortes' license allow him to do on the voyage?

Answer: trade and explore

After conquering Cuba, Diego Velasquez had secured the right to lead future conquests on the mainland. Consequently, he did not want other Spaniards like Cortes and Grijalva to engage in conquests. Therefore he only granted licenses to trade and explore in order to gain more information on the region in preparation for a future attempt to be led by himself.
4. Which of the following towns was the first to be founded by Spaniards on the Mexican mainland? Its location changed several times before it became a permanent settlement.

Answer: Veracruz

Veracruz was founded in order to justify a campaign of conquest on the mainland. Cortes' license from Diego Velasquez, governor of Cuba, only allowed his expedition to engage in exploration and trade. By founding a town and having the town council, cabildo, appeal to the king, Cortes and the members of his company hoped to validate their future actions and gain royal approval for conquest.
5. Was Cortes the only "captain" of his expedition?

Answer: No

Conquest companies were not true military units. The term "captain" was used to designate the individuals who had invested the most money and supplies into the expedition. Consequently, a company could have several captains each with a major stake in the overall success of the venture. Another famous captain from Cortes' expedition was the infamous Diego de Alvarado.
6. Africans participated in Cortes' company.

Answer: True

During the 15th century, Portuguese trade along the African coast led to the importation of many Africans to Spain. By the beginning of the 16th century Africans, both enslaved and free, had become an important minority in Spain and its new settlements abroad. One of the more famous African members of Cortes' company was a man named Juan Garrido who has been credited with bringing the first seeds of wheat to Mexico.
7. After beginning to march inland from coast, Cortes came upon which of the following ethnic groups? Although initially hostile, they eventually became important allies of the Spaniards.

Answer: Tlaxcalteca

The Tlaxcalteca lived outside the Mexica (Aztec) Empire. While initially hostile to the Spaniards they recognized that the Spaniards might provide them a valuable opportunity to seriously undermine the Mexica Empire. Ultimately, they were rewarded well for their alliance.

The city of Tlaxcala was granted a royal coat of arms, and the Tlaxcalteca along with other native allies were granted special rights and privileges for the duration of Spanish colonial rule.
8. After barely escaping the city following the 'noche triste,' Cortes and his company regrouped and attempted to lay the Mexica capital of Tenochtitlan under siege. What did they construct in order to more effectively carry out this plan?

Answer: brigantines armed with cannon from their ships.

As Tenochtitlan was an island city the Spanish needed to not only close the causeways leading to the city but also control the water around the city. Native allies helped with control the lake with their own canoes and watercraft, but brigantines armed with Spanish cannon helped destroy much of the city and demoralize its inhabitants.
9. Following the defeat of the Mexica Empire, Cortes chose to rebuild the Mexica capital and make it the center for Spanish government in the region. What was the official title of this city during the early period of Spanish rule in the 16th century?

Answer: la gran ciudad de Temistitlan Mexico

Given its size and importance Mexico City was never classified as a villa. At various times it was referred to as "la gran ciudad de Mexico" and "la gran y muy leal ciudad de Mexico." However, initially Spaniards chose to keep the native name "Tenochtitlan" as part of the official name.

However, as they difficultly hearing the proper pronunciation of Nahuatl words "Tenochtitlan" most commonly appeared in Spanish documents as "Temistitlan."
10. Which group of native people did Cortes personally attempt and fail to conquer after the Mexica Empire fell?

Answer: Yucatec Maya

After completing the conquest of the Mexica Cortes hoped to further the conquest by returning to the Yucatan. However, this expedition was largely unsuccessful. Maya resistance to the Spanish and their Nahua allies was strong. Additionally the no large centralized Maya empire existed which made alliance building far more complicated that in Central Mexico. Importantly, it was on this expedition in 1525 that Cuahutemoc the last Mexica Tlatoani was executed by Cortes after allegedly attempting to forge an alliance with the Maya against the Spanish.
Source: Author airflorida

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor bloomsby before going online.
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