FREE! Click here to Join FunTrivia. Thousands of games, quizzes, and lots more!
Quiz about The History of Lisbon
Quiz about The History of Lisbon

The History of Lisbon Trivia Quiz


Lisbon is a city steeped in history as it was the center of many powerful kingdoms. This quiz covers Lisbon's history from its founding until the end of the monarchy in the early 20th century.

A photo quiz by Joepetz. Estimated time: 4 mins.
  1. Home
  2. »
  3. Quizzes
  4. »
  5. History Trivia
  6. »
  7. European
  8. »
  9. Portuguese

Author
Joepetz
Time
4 mins
Type
Photo Quiz
Quiz #
373,955
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
7 / 10
Plays
407
-
Question 1 of 10
1. According to ancient myth, which legendary Greek hero founded the city Lisbon on his return journey from Troy? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. Historians have determined that Lisbon started out and grew from a small community on ahill around 202 BC. What building now stands on that hill? Hint


photo quiz
Question 3 of 10
3. What is the name of the Moorish general who, with his son Abdelaziz ibn Musa, conquered Lisbon in 714 for the Umayyad Caliphate? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. Which of the following events did NOT hinder Alfonso I's attempts to capture Lisbon for the Catholic forces during any of his conquests to take the city? Hint


photo quiz
Question 5 of 10
5. In 1308, King Denis of Lisbon formed an alliance on behalf of all of Portugal with which European country in order to protect the city against Castile? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. What is the name of the famous 15th century Portuguese explorer who spread Lisbon's influence and helped start the Portuguese Empire by exploring African lands and claiming them in the name of Portugal? Hint


photo quiz
Question 7 of 10
7. At what 1580 battle did Philip II of Spain's troops defeat those of Antonio of Portugal, essentially handing control of Lisbon and Portugal over to Spain for the next sixty years? Hint


Question 8 of 10
8. After the Portuguese War of Restoration, Portugal became independent once again with Lisbon as its capital. Who became the new ruler of Portugal? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. What event(s) devastated Lisbon on November 1, 1755 that destroyed over two-thirds of the city, killed about one-third of Lisbon's people and ruined tens of thousands of buildings? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. Which Portuguese king was killed, along with his heir, in the Terreiro do Paço in 1908 after years of political strife in Lisbon? Hint


photo quiz

(Optional) Create a Free FunTrivia ID to save the points you are about to earn:

arrow Select a User ID:
arrow Choose a Password:
arrow Your Email:




View Image Attributions for This Quiz

Most Recent Scores
May 14 2024 : panagos: 10/10
May 06 2024 : Guest 175: 0/10

Score Distribution

quiz
Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. According to ancient myth, which legendary Greek hero founded the city Lisbon on his return journey from Troy?

Answer: Odysseus

The legends state that Lisbon was originally called "Ulisipo" after Odysseus' Latin name, Ulysses. It was renamed Olisipo when the city became part of the Roman Empire.
2. Historians have determined that Lisbon started out and grew from a small community on ahill around 202 BC. What building now stands on that hill?

Answer: Sao Jorge Castle

Sao Jorge Castle was completed in 1375 when King Ferdinand I called for a fortified building after the Moors had been defeated in Portugal two centuries earlier. Before then, Lisbon architecture still reflected Moorish culture. The castle was designed and built by Joao Fernandes and Vasco Bras.
3. What is the name of the Moorish general who, with his son Abdelaziz ibn Musa, conquered Lisbon in 714 for the Umayyad Caliphate?

Answer: Tariq ibn Ziyad

Prior to the Moorish invasion of the Iberian Peninsula, much of that land was under control of the Visigoth Kingdom, which was in the midst of a civil war. Tariq ibn Ziyad, who had been governor of Tangiers in Morocco, invaded the area and took Lisbon. The Moors remained in control of Portugal for over 400 years.
4. Which of the following events did NOT hinder Alfonso I's attempts to capture Lisbon for the Catholic forces during any of his conquests to take the city?

Answer: Plague

A plague actually worked to Alfonso's advantage during the Siege of Portugal in October 1147 after Alfonso and his forces raided Lisbon when a plague wiped out large portions of the weakened Muslim population. Alfonso had at least twice unsuccessfully tried to take Lisbon in 1137 and 1140 but could not make it past Lisbon's walls. Poor weather during his planned invasion in the summer of 1147 prevented Alfonso from reaching the city and he was forced to dock in Porto, allowing Muslim forces to set up a naval blockade.

Alfonso successfully retook Lisbon for Catholic forces in October/November 1147. This event was part of the Reconquista.
5. In 1308, King Denis of Lisbon formed an alliance on behalf of all of Portugal with which European country in order to protect the city against Castile?

Answer: England

Tensions between Lisbon and Castile had been growing for some time as Lisbon was growing economically and spreading its influence into North Africa and the Byzantine Empire. The alliance between Lisbon and England was economic at first, but during the second half of the Hundred Years' War between England and France, Portugal supported England while Castile aided France. Lisbon, now led by Ferdinand, then declared war on Castile. Soon afterward, Lisbon fell to Castile but was returned when Portugal paid a ransom.
6. What is the name of the famous 15th century Portuguese explorer who spread Lisbon's influence and helped start the Portuguese Empire by exploring African lands and claiming them in the name of Portugal?

Answer: Prince Henry the Navigator

As North Africa was falling to the Ottoman Empire, merchants in Lisbon were becoming fearful that the Turks would either conquer Lisbon next or refuse to trade with Portugal. Fortunately, Lisbon had a diverse population of Christians, Jews and Muslims who shared a common interest. Lisbon was able to spy on Ottoman merchants and learned where they were getting their supplies, which included gold and spices, from.

Henry, who didn't earn his nickname of The Navigator until centuries later, started claiming land in Africa for Lisbon.

Henry's use of trade winds and exploration style were later used by Christopher Columbus.
7. At what 1580 battle did Philip II of Spain's troops defeat those of Antonio of Portugal, essentially handing control of Lisbon and Portugal over to Spain for the next sixty years?

Answer: Battle of Alcantara

Spain had long wanted Lisbon and Portugal to be part of its kingdom as Portugal had owned resourceful lands in Africa as well as Brazil. During the ensuing war, Portugal had a large fleet but all that was diminished when Sebastian I and his crew were killed in the Battle of Alcacer Quibir in 1578. Without a clear heir to the Portuguese throne, Lisbon was thrown into chaos and Spain easily defeated Antonio of Portugal, who essentially made himself king, at Alcantara in 1580.

This is the first Battle of Alcantara that took place in 1580. The second one was against France in 1809.
8. After the Portuguese War of Restoration, Portugal became independent once again with Lisbon as its capital. Who became the new ruler of Portugal?

Answer: John IV

John IV was formerly the Duke of Braganza. According to legend, John IV had no interest in taking throne because he became rich under Spanish rule of Lisbon. He only agreed to because all classes of people, from the wealthy to the poor, decided he should be their leader. Moreover, his wife, Luisa de Guzman, insisted.
9. What event(s) devastated Lisbon on November 1, 1755 that destroyed over two-thirds of the city, killed about one-third of Lisbon's people and ruined tens of thousands of buildings?

Answer: An earthquake followed by a tsunami

The first earthquake hit at around 9:40 a.m. with two strong tremors following twenty minutes later. Many of Lisbon's buildings, specially those inhabited by the lower classes, were old and shoddily constructed. As their homes were crumbling, many people abandoned them for the safety in the land surrounding the Tagus River.

However, one of the tremors sparked a series of massive tsunami waves. Fire broke out in the areas of Lisbon the waves did not reach. Over all, about 30,000-60,000 Lisboans perished and as many as 100,000 Portuguese in total.

This was the very first earthquake in history to be studied in a highly populated, large area, which began the modern study of seismology.
10. Which Portuguese king was killed, along with his heir, in the Terreiro do Paço in 1908 after years of political strife in Lisbon?

Answer: Carlos I

Carlos I reigned at a time of severe political tension between those with close ties to the Catholic Church and those who were more liberal-minded. Carlos usually remained politically neutral but before his assassination, he appointed Joao Franco as premier, but he ruled too dictatorially after he failed to work well with Jose Luciano de Castro. Carlos was killed by Alfredo Costa and Manuel Buica, two republican sympathizers, in his open carriage along with his older son. His younger son, Manuel, became the last monarch of Portugal.

In 1910 Portugal became a republic, but this was overthrown by a military coup in 1926.
Source: Author Joepetz

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor bloomsby before going online.
Any errors found in FunTrivia content are routinely corrected through our feedback system.
Related Quizzes
This quiz is part of series History of World Cities - Europe:

A collection of my quizzes on the history of individual world cities.

  1. History of Vienna Average
  2. The History of Cardiff Average
  3. The History of Glasgow Easier
  4. The History of Venice Average
  5. The History of Marseille Average
  6. The History of Milan Average
  7. The History of Geneva Average
  8. The History of Sarajevo Average
  9. The History of Cologne Average
  10. The History of St. Petersburg Average
  11. The History of Budapest Average
  12. The History of Prague Average

6/17/2024, Copyright 2024 FunTrivia, Inc. - Report an Error / Contact Us