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National Trusty Sites Trivia Quiz
Landmarks of England
The National Trust is one of England's largest landowners, founded in 1895 to care for historic places and buildings and areas of natural beauty. This quiz just asks you to identify the location of ten sites and landmarks that belong to it.
A label quiz
Estimated time: 3 mins.
LundyAira Force and UllswaterHousesteads Roman FortSt. Michael's MountCheddar GorgeSutton HooKinder ScoutUffington White HorseSt. Catherine's OratoryCorfe Castle* Drag / drop or click on the choices above to move them to the answer list.
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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Housesteads Roman Fort
Housesteads is the best-preserved example of the numerous forts that once defended Hadrian's Wall and Roman Britain from the inhabitants of Caledonia (modern-day Scotland). The fort, originally known as Vercovicium or Borcovicium, was first constructed in 124 AD (a couple of years after the Romans first started building Hadrian's Wall) and is located 36 miles from the western end of the wall, at the imaginatively named Wallsend on the River Tyne.
On a visit to the site you can still see the layout of the fort's various buildings, some of the details of their construction (such as hypocaust underfloor heating) and some of the items found there, which all tell part of the story of the people who once lived and worked there.
2. Aira Force and Ullswater
Ullswater is the second-largest lake in the Lake District National Park, located in Cumbria in north-west England. Aira Force is a 22-metre (72-foot) high waterfall on Aira Beck, a stream that subsequently flows into the southern section of Ullswater.
While Aira Force is less than half the height of the tallest waterfalls in England, it is one of the most visited due to its relative accessibility from local roads and walking routes. A stone bridge built over the top of the falls in the early 20th century allows visitors to stand directly above and watch the water cascading down a narrow rocky ravine to the valley and (eventually) the lake below.
3. Kinder Scout
Kinder Scout is a plateau that marks the highest point above sea level in the Peak District National Park in Derbyshire. It is also a notable point on the Pennine Way, a popular walking route from Edale in the Peak District to Kirk Yetholm in the Scottish Borders. The plateau mainly consists of moorland and peat bogs - the latter of which have required significant management to protect them from the damage caused by high visitor numbers to this scenic spot over many years.
Kinder Scout was also the site of a mass trespass event in 1932, when ramblers held a protest walk over what was then privately owned land, as part of a wider campaign to allow people free access to the countryside.
4. Sutton Hoo
Sutton Hoo, located near the town of Woodbridge in Suffolk, is the site of an Anglo Saxon burial ground. It became famous in 1939, after archaeological excavations of one of the site's large burial mounds revealed a rare ship-burial, complete with artefacts such as the Sutton Hoo helmet, swords and spears, and various gold and jewel-encrusted items.
While the wood of the ship had mostly decomposed and disappeared, its iron components and stains left behind in the soil showed its complete structure and enabled archaeologists to see that it had been 27 metres (89 feet long) and built from oak using the clinker method of construction. The stunning goods found with it were later put on display in a permanent exhibition at the British Museum in London.
5. Uffington White Horse
The Uffington White Horse is a prehistoric monument carved into a chalk hillside in Oxfordshire and is believed to date back to the late Bronze Age or early Iron Age period (sometime between 1380 and 550 BC). While it has historically been described as a horse, there is some debate over whether it was originally intended to be a horse or whether it might actually be a depiction of something more exotic such as a sabre-toothed cat.
A tradition of "scouring" the horse to remove overgrowing vegetation and add extra chalk has been ongoing for hundreds of years and is a necessary process to keep the monument visible!
6. Cheddar Gorge
Cheddar Gorge can be found in the Mendip Hills of Somerset in south-west England, close to the village that gave its name to a well-known cheese. It is around 140 metres (450 feet) deep and its dramatic cliffs contain a large network of caves.
The gorge is jointly owned by the National Trust (the northern side) and the Longleat Estate (the southern side). The main caves on the southern side form part of a major tourist attraction that also includes access to various walking trails both in the gorge and along the cliff top, as well as a museum and exhibitions.
Lundy is a small island in the Bristol Channel, off the northern coast of Devon and is technically counted as being part of that county. The island's human population is tiny - mainly consisting of conservation and tourism workers - but it is home to thousands of seabirds, such as puffins, kittiwakes, guillemots and gulls. It also has a long history of shipwrecks and a number of lighthouses as a result.
About three miles in length and around half a mile wide, Lundy is a popular tourist destination for both wildlife lovers and walkers. Anyone not keen on walking probably shouldn't bother visiting as the island has no roads.
8. St. Michael's Mount
St. Michael's Mount is a small rocky tidal island off the south coast of Cornwall, which is connected to the mainland by a causeway at low tide. Archaeological evidence indicates that it has been inhabited since Neolithic times and it is believed to have been the site of a monastery for several centuries before it was gifted to the Benedictine monks of Mont Saint Michel in Normandy, France in the 11th century.
The castle at the top of the mount probably started life as a priory before being fortified over the centuries and then turned into a stately home and the seat of the Barons St. Levan by the late 19th-century.
9. Corfe Castle
Corfe Castle was first built on the hill at the centre of the Isle of Purbeck (which is actually a peninsula) in Dorset, on England's south coast, on the orders of William the Conqueror. The stone keep was built later in the 12th century by William's son King Henry I and it continued to be developed and expanded during the reigns of King John and King Henry III.
It remained a royal castle until it was sold by Queen Elizabeth I in 1572. Its new owners remained royal supporters though and Corfe Castle became one of the last royal strongholds during the English Civil War.
It was destroyed shortly after it eventually fell to Parliamentarian forces, leaving just the ruins that can still be seen - and visited - in the 21st century.
10. St. Catherine's Oratory
Despite its name, St. Catherine's Oratory is actually a lighthouse, although it was built on the remains of a chapel. It is the only surviving example of a medieval lighthouse in Britain and is a four-storey octagonal stone tower that was once part of a larger building. It is located on St. Catherine's Down on the southern coast of the Isle of Wight, overlooking Chale Bay.
It is believed to have been constructed in the early 14th century by a local lord, Walter de Godeton. Apparently he was convicted of stealing wine from a shipwreck in Chale Bay and was ordered to construct the lighthouse by a Church court as an alternative to excommunication.