Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. I was the daughter of king of France, sister-in-law of King Richard II, queen consort of Henry V, mother of Henry VI and the grandmother of King Henry VII. I was 21 when I became a widow. Being young and attractive I made the second marriage and through it became the ancestor of Tudor dynasty. My name is translated from Greek as "pure". Who am I?
2. I was a widow with nine children when I became queen consort of King Henry IV of England. I fell in love with him, when he was just Henry Bolingbroke, unlucky refugee in France. Unfortunately, we had no children. My name is a female name in the English language, but a male name in French. It comes from Hebrew, meaning "the Lord's grace". Who am I?
3. I was the wife of King Stephen of England. I was considered equal to him because I was the granddaughter of Saint Margaret of Scotland and thus was descendant of the Anglo- Saxon kings. I was cousin of my husband's rival, Empress Matilda, and niece to King Baldwin I of Jerusalem. After the death of Henry I in 1135, Stephen was crowned a king. I turned out to be a great help to him during his war for the throne because my name means "strength in battle". Who am I?
4. I had been a Portuguese Infanta before I became the queen consort of Charles II. At first I wasn't popular with the English people because I was Catholic and couldn't speak English. Seeing my loyalty and affection for Charles people appreciated me. The political conflicts between Roman Catholics and Anglicans influenced my life and I wasn't even crowned. Though my husband had many illegitimate children I couldn't produce a child. Who am I?
5. I was the second wife of King John and was called the Helen of the Middle Ages for my amazing beauty. I was 12 when I married the king. I bore him five children including his heir, Henry. King John was head over heels in love with me. I was vain, capricious, troublesome and vengeful. I proved it by plotting against King Louis IX of France, after being humiliated by his mother. If you know the name of American hybrid grape variety you will easily guess my name. Who am I?
6. I was one of the principal figures of the Wars of the Roses, being wife of King Henry VI of England. I wasn't just the queen consort but the real ruler of the country due to Henry's madness. I didn't bring a dowry with me and cost England Maine and Anjou. But I was worth much more because I was beautiful, passionate, proud and educated. I founded Queens' College at Cambridge University. I witnessed the death of my only son, Edward of Westminster. I am a major character in William Shakespeare's play Henry VI. Who am I?
7. I was the queen consort of Edward II of England and mother of Edward III. Once I was called "the Fair" but then was known as "She-wolf of France". I was unfortunate in my marriage due to my husband's extreme love of his favourites. I was a patient wife but then rebelled against injustice. I found a loyal and passionate lover Roger Mortimer, deposed Edward, arranged his murder, became regent of my son, lost power, outlived my beloved one and died in peace. I can say I knew how to live a full life. Who am I?
8. I was the first queen consort of Edward I of England, his true love. I accompanied my husband on the Eighth Crusade where Edward was wounded in the arm by a poisoned dagger. According to the legend, I sucked poison from the wound. Our marriage was happy and my husband was known not to have mistresses and illegitimate children. When I died Edward ordered the construction of twelve stone crosses, marking the route of my funeral procession. Who am I?
9. I was the wife of the first English king to be executed, Charles I. After that I had to flee to France and live in poverty till the restoration of my son, King Charles II. I was also mother to one more king, James II, and grandmother of Mary II, William III and Queen Anne. Being Catholic I had never had a coronation and had never become a part of English society. One of the U.S. states was named in my honour. Who am I?
10. I had the reputation of being the frivolous wife of King James I. My way to him was difficult and perilous. I accepted my husband as he was and even became friends with his favourite, George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham. I wasn't interested in politics only in my children (it turned out that my son was the first and the only English king to be beheaded). My name "God has favoured me" proved to be wrong. Who am I?
Source: Author Bunny1981
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