Quiz about Xenon An Exhibitive Examination
Quiz about Xenon An Exhibitive Examination

Xenon: An Exhibitive Examination Quiz


This quiz will focus on xenon, one of the noble gases of the periodic table.

A multiple-choice quiz by RedHook13. Estimated time: 3 mins.
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Author
RedHook13
Time
3 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
397,575
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
7 / 10
Plays
170
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. What is the atomic number of xenon? Hint

18
36
54
86

2. Xenon was discovered in 1898 by scientists from which country? Hint

United Kingdom
Sweden
United States
Russia

3. What would happen to your voice if you inhaled xenon gas from a balloon? Hint

Your voice would have a higher pitch.
You wouldn't be able to speak at all.
Your voice would be unchanged.
Your voice would have a deeper pitch.

4. Does xenon exist naturally in the Earth's atmosphere?

Yes
No

5. Where on a car are you most likely to find the element xenon? Hint

alternator
gas tank
headlights
spark plugs

6. What color light does xenon gas emit when it is electrified in a vacuum tube? Hint

blue/purple
yellow/green
red/orange
green/blue

7. Which of the following medical applications would xenon NOT be used in? Hint

asthma inhalers
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
anesthesia
LASIK surgery

8. Which of these space probes was equipped with ion engines that used xenon as its fuel? Its mission was to observe several objects in the Asteroid Belt. Hint

Messenger
Dawn
New Horizons
Cassini

9. Which of the following isotopes of xenon is radioactive? Hint

xenon-129
xenon-133
xenon-132
xenon-134

10. Xenon is capable of forming compounds with other elements.

True
False


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. What is the atomic number of xenon?

Answer: 54

Xenon is atomic number 54 and is located in Group 18 (noble gases) of the periodic table. There are numerous synthetic and natural isotopes of the element, such as xenon-129 and xenon-132 which represent more than 50% of the element's overall abundance. The name for xenon comes from the Greek word, xenos, which means foreigner or stranger.
2. Xenon was discovered in 1898 by scientists from which country?

Answer: United Kingdom

Xenon was discovered by chemists William Ramsey of Scotland and Morris Travers of England in July, 1898. William Ramsey has also been credited for discovering three other noble gases (neon, krypton and argon). The discoveries of these three elements prompted William Ramsay to receive the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1904.
3. What would happen to your voice if you inhaled xenon gas from a balloon?

Answer: Your voice would have a deeper pitch.

Xenon gas has a higher density than air. If you were to inhale xenon from a balloon it would cause your voice to have a deeper pitch. This is the opposite of helium, which causes your voice to have a higher pitch due to being less dense than air. However, it would not be a good idea to try it at home as inhaling too much xenon could cause some health problems. Xenon also costs more money to produce than helium.
4. Does xenon exist naturally in the Earth's atmosphere?

Answer: Yes

A trace amount of xenon is present in Earth's atmosphere. William Ramsay and Morris Travers discovered xenon by experimenting with liquid air. As the liquid air evaporated, they were able to detect the xenon. This method also led to the discovery of neon and krypton. Today, most of the world's xenon is extracted by separating the element from the distillation of liquid air.

A small amount of xenon can also be found in mineral water.
5. Where on a car are you most likely to find the element xenon?

Answer: headlights

One of the most common uses of xenon is in lighting. For example, xenon based arc lamps are used in IMAX movie projectors. Xenon lights and flashes are commonly used by photographers. Xenon is also used to produce high-intensity headlights for automobiles.

They are brighter than both standard and halogen headlights. Since xenon lights are so bright, they are often regulated by various federal and local governments.
6. What color light does xenon gas emit when it is electrified in a vacuum tube?

Answer: blue/purple

Xenon is used in a similar fashion to neon to illuminate business signs. When the gas is electrified in a vacuum sealed tube the gas will emit a dark blue or purple light. Neon gas emits red / orange light and krypton gas emits a brighter shade of blue light. Xenon is also an emitter of both ultraviolet and infrared light.
7. Which of the following medical applications would xenon NOT be used in?

Answer: asthma inhalers

Xenon has several uses in the field of medicine. It can be used as an anesthetic and is considered to be more potent than nitrous oxide, but can be more expensive to administer. It is also used during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations as the gas helps illuminate some key areas of the body for study. Xenon can also be found in the lasers used to perform LASIK eye surgery. Xenon has even been used by athletes as a performance enhancer.
8. Which of these space probes was equipped with ion engines that used xenon as its fuel? Its mission was to observe several objects in the Asteroid Belt.

Answer: Dawn

The Dawn spacecraft was launched on September 27, 2007. Its mission was to study Vesta and Ceres in the Asteroid Belt. The spacecraft was equipped with three xenon ion engines, which it used for propulsion while in space. The engine created positively charged xenon atoms by stripping off an electron.

Other spacecraft that have used xenon ion engines include NASA's Deep Space 1 probe and Japan's Hayabusa probe.
9. Which of the following isotopes of xenon is radioactive?

Answer: xenon-133

Xenon-133 and xenon-135 are two synthetically produced isotopes of the element. Both isotopes are radioactive, formed as the byproduct of nuclear fission. Xenon-133 and xenon-135 both emit beta and gamma radiation. Xenon-133 has been used in the medical field as well to help study respiratory diseases. Xenon-133 has a half-life of just over five days.
10. Xenon is capable of forming compounds with other elements.

Answer: True

Despite being a noble gas, xenon is capable of forming compounds with several other elements. Xenon can form compounds with oxygen such as xenon dioxide. Compounds containing xenon and oxygen are considered to be dangerous since they are highly explosive. Xenon also forms compounds with elements in the halogen group, such as fluorine and chlorine.
Source: Author RedHook13

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor rossian before going online.
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