Quiz about Kings and Queens of Navarre 12341610
Quiz about Kings and Queens of Navarre 12341610

Kings and Queens of Navarre (1234-1610) Quiz


Navarre used to be an independent kingdom between Spain and France. These questions are about its colorful monarchs. It starts with Theobald I of Champagne and ends with Henry of Bourbon, who would become King Henry IV of France.

A multiple-choice quiz by Isabella_Este. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
335,632
Updated
Jul 23 22
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
7 / 10
Plays
244
Awards
Top 35% Quiz
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. Theobald I, the Posthumous, became the first king of the house of Champagne in 1234. What special talent did he have? Hint

He was an outstanding mathematician
He was so strong that he once fought three knights at once and won
He saw visions
He composed music that is still played today

2. Joan I of Navarre married Philip IV of France in 1284. Their three sons all became kings of France and Navarre. Her only daughter, Isabella, became queen by marrying the king of another country. Which country? Hint

Naples
Aragon
England
Castile

3. Joan II was the only surviving child of Louis I (Louis X of France), who was in turn Joan I's oldest son. Why then was Joan II's claim in doubt? Hint

She had sworn an oath to serve Christ in a nunnery
Because it was suspected she was a bastard
She was the daughter of a King of France, where women were forbidden to rule by Salic law
Her father, Louis X, had renounced all claims to Navarre in order to be accepted as King of France

4. Charles II the Bad came to a horrific, but according to most of his contemporaries, fitting end in 1387. What happened? Hint

He was flayed
He fell off his horse and broke his neck
His dogs tore him apart after having been starved by him
He was accidentally set on fire and burned alive

5. John II was King of Aragon in his own right and became king of Navarre, when he married Queen Blanche I (1425-1441). Who was his greatest enemy? Hint

His son Charles
His son Ferdinand
His wife Blanche I
His daughter Eleanor

6. Who did Queen Catherine and John III lose Upper Navarre to in 1512? Hint

Ferdinand, King of Aragon
Catherine's uncle, John of Foix
Louis XII of France
The Church

7. Which famous writer and humanist did Henry II marry in 1526? Hint

Marie of Guise
Louise of Savoy
Marguerite of Angoulême
Renee of France

8. Joan III (Queen from 1555-1572) was the leader of what group of people? Hint

The Lutherans
The Catholic League
The Humanists
The Huguenots

9. What dangerous event did Henry III (the later Henry IV of France) survive in the same year his mother Joan III died? Hint

The attack of the Spanish Armada
Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre
A trial by the Inquisition
An outbreak of the Bubonic Plague

10. Henry not only was King of Navarre, but also had a claim to the throne of France. After Catherine's sons had all died in 1589, he was the closest heir to the throne of France, since his father Antoine of Bourbon was descended from Louis IX (Saint Louis). His succession was by no means undisputed, though. What did Henry give up to become king of France? Hint

Burgundy and Artois
The Kingdom of Navarre
His faith
His mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Theobald I, the Posthumous, became the first king of the house of Champagne in 1234. What special talent did he have?

Answer: He composed music that is still played today

Theobald was first known as 'the Posthumous' because he was born after his father died. He would later get the nickname the 'Troubadour', because of his talent in music. He was also a renowned poet and dedicated a poem to Blanche, the Queen-regent of France, which created a lot of gossip. He was also a lawmaker and wrote a book about Navarrese traditions.
2. Joan I of Navarre married Philip IV of France in 1284. Their three sons all became kings of France and Navarre. Her only daughter, Isabella, became queen by marrying the king of another country. Which country?

Answer: England

Her daughter was the famous Isabella, 'She-wolf' of France. She invaded England in 1327 after years of mistreatment by her husband Edward II, deposed him and ruled England for three years with her lover, Roger Mortimer.
3. Joan II was the only surviving child of Louis I (Louis X of France), who was in turn Joan I's oldest son. Why then was Joan II's claim in doubt?

Answer: Because it was suspected she was a bastard

Joan was born as a daughter to Louis X of France and Marguerite of Burgundy. Marguerite and her sister Blanche had affairs during their marriages with Louis and his youngest brother Charles. This scandal is known as the 'Affair of the Tower of Nesle'. Marguerite was rumored to have been killed on her husband's orders, so he could remarry. Joan was born two years before the affair and she was probably legitimate therefore. Still, it gave her two uncles a pretext to take over rule of Navarre after Louis died. She only got the throne after the last uncle died in 1328.

Salic Law did not apply in Navarre. Her uncles would never have cited this law for Navarre, since it would also invalidate their own claims through their mother.
4. Charles II the Bad came to a horrific, but according to most of his contemporaries, fitting end in 1387. What happened?

Answer: He was accidentally set on fire and burned alive

When Charles got so ill that he could barely move, a doctor had him wrapped in linen and dipped in alcohol. One of his servants then tried to burn off a thread that still stuck out and set him on fire, which killed him. Charles was known as 'the Bad' because he kept changing his allegiance from the French King to the English King and back, during the Hundred Years War (1337-1453).

He also admitted to having murdered the Constable of France for being jealous of him and, to stir things up again, when the two warring parties made a treaty, he released many prisoners in Paris.
5. John II was King of Aragon in his own right and became king of Navarre, when he married Queen Blanche I (1425-1441). Who was his greatest enemy?

Answer: His son Charles

After Blanche died, he kept power in Navarre in his own hands, even though he only had a right to the throne through her. Many in Aragon supported their son Charles and they went to war. But Charles died in 1461 and was rumored to have been poisoned by his stepmother, Juana Enriquez.

John favored his daughter Eleanor as his successor and she governed Navarre for several years. When she did actually become Queen at his death in 1479, she ruled only a few weeks before dying as well. Ferdinand, his son by Juana, married Isabella of Castile, which united Aragon and Castile.
6. Who did Queen Catherine and John III lose Upper Navarre to in 1512?

Answer: Ferdinand, King of Aragon

Though Catherine's uncle John fought her for nine years, she and her husband retained the crown. Later, his daughter Germaine of Foix became the second wife of Ferdinand of Aragon and Ferdinand attacked and annexed the southern part of Navarre. It has been part of Spain ever since.
7. Which famous writer and humanist did Henry II marry in 1526?

Answer: Marguerite of Angoulême

Marguerite was the only sibling of Francis I of France, with whom she was very close. As a child, she had learned Latin and she was renowned as a diplomat and patron, but is most famous for her poetry, like the 'Heptameron'.

She had a moderating influence on Francis, advising tolerance when it came to the prosecution of Protestants. Though she urged reform in the Catholic Church, she was no Protestant herself.

Louise of Savoy was their mother, who acted as regent of France when Francis was captured at Pavia in 1526 by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.

Renee of France was the sister of Francis's first wife Claude and daughter of Louis XII.

Marie of Guise would become important a little later. She married the Scottish King James V and became the mother of Mary Stuart.
8. Joan III (Queen from 1555-1572) was the leader of what group of people?

Answer: The Huguenots

Unlike her mother, Joan became a Protestant and made Calvinism the official religion in her country. Tensions ran high in France after Francis I and then his son Henry II died. A Catholic and Protestant party developed, while Catherine de Medici tried to play both groups against each other as she ruled for her young sons.

When the Protestants gained influence over the second of these sons, Charles IX, Catherine de Medici got worried. When Joan died in 1572 it was rumored Catherine had sent her poisoned gloves.
9. What dangerous event did Henry III (the later Henry IV of France) survive in the same year his mother Joan III died?

Answer: Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre

In 1572 Henry married Marguerite, the sister of Charles IX, to bring peace between the two parties. This worried the Catholics, especially since Protestants were still in favor with the king.

Charles IX was easily persuaded though and with his approval and Catherine's, Catholics began to kill the many thousands of Protestants who had come to Paris for the wedding. Henry only survived because he converted and became Catholic. After leaving Paris he claimed this was done under duress and he became openly protestant again.
10. Henry not only was King of Navarre, but also had a claim to the throne of France. After Catherine's sons had all died in 1589, he was the closest heir to the throne of France, since his father Antoine of Bourbon was descended from Louis IX (Saint Louis). His succession was by no means undisputed, though. What did Henry give up to become king of France?

Answer: His faith

In order to be accepted as king of the mostly Catholic kingdom of France, Henry decided to convert. Though Protestants saw him as a traitor because of this, he did issue the Edict of Nantes, which gave more freedom and security to them. He became a popular king, but was killed by a Catholic fanatic in 1610. The Edict of Nantes, which had given some peace to France, would be revoked by Louis XIV in 1685. Many Protestants then left France, which weakened the kingdom.

Henry's stormy first marriage to Marguerite was annuled and he did plan to marry his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées, to the shock of many. She died in childbirth before this could happen, though, and he married Maria de Medici instead. They became the ancestors of all the subsequent kings of the House of Bourbon.

Lower Navarre was not given up by Henry and became a part of France during his son Louis II's (Louis XIII of France's) rule in 1620.
Source: Author Isabella_Este

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